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Week Ending August 12, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Thunderstorms brought needed moisture to crops and pastures in most counties across the northern third of the state. However, the remainder of the state experienced little to no relief from dryness and very hot temperatures, which reached 100 degrees or above in many areas. As a result, row crop and pasture conditions deteriorated considerably. All districts are 11 percent or less in the adequate and surplus categories for topsoil moisture except the northwest, north-central, and west-central; of those three, the northwest improved by 18 points to 47 percent adequate to surplus, the north-central improved by 15 points to 19 percent, but the west-central plunged 29 points to 21 percent. Topsoil moisture at the state level is rated 42 percent very short, 42 percent short, 15 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Eighty-five percent of the corn crop is in dough stage, 5 days behind last year but the same as the five-year average. Forty-nine percent is dented, 5 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. There were reports of corn blown over by high winds during thunderstorms in the northwest. Reporters indicate that corn in the driest areas continues to mature rapidly. The condition rating fell by 9 points in good to excellent from last week to 8 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is at 80 percent, 9 days behind last year and 6 days behind average. Fifty-eight percent is setting pods, 4 days behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average of 60 percent. Soybean condition is rated 8 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, a decline of 8 points from last week in good to excellent. Reporters wrote that pod filling is very slow, while a Franklin County reporter commented that areas of the driest fields are wilting. Double-crop soybeans in many areas are short and struggling to grow. Sorghum heading is at 79 percent, 10 days behind last year and 4 days behind normal. Twenty-five percent is turning color, 5 days behind last year and marginally behind average. Isolated fields have reached maturity in the northeast, south-central, and southeast regions. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, down 10 points in good to excellent from last week. Rice heading is at 80 percent, even with last year but 3 days ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 22 percent excellent. Cotton setting bolls is at 91 percent, at least 3 days behind last year and normal. Thirteen percent of bolls are opening, 10 days ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of average. Cotton condition is rated 9 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 63 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and 4 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition fell by 10 points in the good and excellent categories for the second week in a row, rated 28 percent very poor, 27 percent poor, 33 percent fair, and 12 percent good. Reports of producers feeding hay are common in most districts. Livestock water shortages are still isolated, although concern is mounting, especially in the northeast, central, east-central, and south-central districts.

Weather Summary

Average temperatures of 6 to 10 degrees above normal were common throughout the state. All but far northern areas saw high temperatures reach 100 degrees or above, including 107 in Shannon County and 106 in Crawford County. Rainfall averaged 0.75 inches, nearly all of it in the three northern districts. The northwest received 2.75 inches, the north-central 2.22, the northeast 1.16, and the west-central 0.50. All other districts received little to no rain.

District Summaries As Of August 12, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE

Days Suitable For Fieldwork

             
This Year 6.3 4.6 5.5 5.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 7.0 5.9 7.0
Last Year 5.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 6.8 6.8 6.0 6.6 6.3 5.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                
Very Short 42 4 33 64 25 49 62 28 57 65
Short 42 49 48 27 54 44 31 69 32 28
Adequate 15 43 19 9 21 7 7 3 11 7
Surplus 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent            
This Year 85 79 76 85 86 92 90 69 100 98
Last Year 92 90 95 87 92 99 89 99 70 99
Normal 85                  
Corn Dented, Percent              
This Year 49 43 41 35 39 63 47 27 66 86
Last Year 65 53 67 52 73 75 55 87 20 80
Normal 55                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent          
This Year 80 70 75 95 72 93 92 22 85 92
Last Year 91 91 97 95 92 96 92 80 79 85
Normal 87                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent      
This Year 58 45 46 65 49 64 73 17 39 79
Last Year 68 67 81 72 68 65 65 31 38 65
Normal 60                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent        
This Year 79 77 66 93 88 74 83 60 76 98
Last Year 91 93 95 92 100 80 81 97 85 100
Normal 84                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent          
This Year 25 26 18 19 30 13 37 24 23 46
Last Year 41 45 29 25 69 22 15 66 19 59
Normal 27                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent          
This Year 63 50 37 51 89 70 79 89 84 98
Last Year 80 86 59 71 95 86 88 83 93 100
Normal 69                  
Corn Condition            
Very Poor 8 7 9 12 3 12 1 0 1 5
Poor 15 20 21 21 5 9 18 0 9 13
Fair 33 34 36 33 22 30 49 45 17 29
Good 37 32 33 27 60 42 27 53 28 42
Excellent 7 7 1 7 10 7 5 2 45 11
Soybean Condition            
Very Poor 8 2 6 7 7 10 2 0 8 17
Poor 17 10 23 21 9 9 12 7 12 23
Fair 39 44 41 39 45 37 57 25 26 30
Good 32 38 30 30 32 43 29 68 18 22
Excellent 4 6 0 3 7 1 0 0 36 8
Sorghum Condition            
Very Poor 3 0 5 4 3 0 1 0 8 8
Poor 12 3 22 10 3 12 17 2 15 27
Fair 45 40 50 37 51 47 51 67 22 39
Good 37 50 23 47 39 41 27 28 43 23
Excellent 3 7 0 2 4 0 4 3 12 3
Pasture Condition              
Very Poor 28 21 46 50 5 14 33 14 49 65
Poor 27 28 25 31 11 36 57 24 21 30
Fair 33 39 28 15 50 39 10 49 17 5
Good 12 12 1 3 33 11 0 13 13 0
Excellent 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.75 2.75 2.22 1.16 0.50 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05