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Week Ending August 26, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Significant rainfall arrived during the week, helping soybeans, sorghum, pastures, third-cutting hay, and late-planted corn. Rainfall was locally heavy. Flash flooding occurred in parts of Greene and Polk Counties, where 12 to 15 inches of rain fell, causing damage to buildings and crops. By contrast, the southeastern quarter of the state was left mostly dry. An area encompassing the southeast district, southern counties in the east-central district, and the eastern half of the south-central district is suffering from moderate to extreme drought. Dryland crops are under severe stress, while pastures are in very poor condition with little to no grass growth. Topsoil moisture at the state level is rated 27 percent very short, 35 percent short, 35 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, a substantial improvement from last week. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 78 percent dented, 8 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Thirty percent is mature, 8 days behind last year and 4 days behind the 5-year average of 39 percent. Harvest has started in every district. The southeast district is 26 percent complete, while producers in northern areas are just starting to combine the earliest-planted fields, seed corn fields, and fields lodged from wind. Silage harvest is virtually complete, as most corn is too dry for forage. Overall the state is 5 percent harvested, 4 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. The condition rating is 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop is setting pods, 2 days behind last year but marginally ahead of average. Ten percent is turning color, the same as normal. Four percent is dropping leaves compared with both last year and normal at 2 percent. Soybean condition is rated 8 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 90 percent with 44 percent turning color, both about 2 weeks behind last year and several days behind average. Nine percent has reached maturity, 6 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Harvest has begun in south-central and southeastern counties. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice heading is virtually complete with 2 percent harvested, while condition rates 2 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. The cotton crop has completed setting bolls with 40 percent opening, about 11 days ahead of last year and 2 weeks ahead of average. Additional moth flights are bringing increased populations of bollworms and budworms to Dunklin County. Cotton condition is rated 10 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 81 percent complete, 13 days behind last year but even with the 5-year average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 23 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 12 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week. Supplemental feeding is widespread in the southeastern district as well as portions of the east-central and south-central districts. The driest areas are seeing ponds and small creeks dry up, sapping stock water supplies. One report in the south-central district indicated some producers are selling more cattle than usual in response to drought conditions.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 2 to 7 degrees above average across the state, with the warmest readings in the southeast. Rainfall averaged 2.14 inches. All districts averaged 1 inch or more except the southeast, which received 0.12. The highest averages were the southwest district at 4.01 inches and the north-central at 3.28. Several counties throughout the state received 4 inches or more.

District Summaries As Of August 26, 2007
 
Missouri
NW
NC
NE
WC
C
EC
SW
SC
SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork            
This Year 5.1 4.1 4.4 4.5 5.9 4.9 5.6 4.7 5.9 7.0
Last Year 4.8 3.0 4.2 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.6 5.4 6.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply            
Very Short 27 0 5 25 16 33 48 11 51 82
Short 35 29 40 36 57 33 39 31 32 18
Adequate 35 64 54 33 27 30 13 56 17 0
Surplus 3 7 1 6 0 4 0 2 0 0
Corn Dented, Percent            
This Year 78 73 70 68 76 94 91 61 96 99
Last Year 89 83 83 84 97 92 84 99 72 100
Normal 82                  
Corn Mature, Percent            
This Year 30 4 19 22 46 35 48 47 40 88
Last Year 50 24 41 37 79 62 45 86 40 68
Normal 39                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent            
This Year 89 88 90 91 77 99 94 21 67 99
Last Year 92 96 92 95 93 92 91 85 77 86
Normal 88                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent      
This Year 10 4 4 17 3 5 12 1 9 22
Last Year 8 5 4 6 12 11 13 9 3 10
Normal 10                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent      
This Year 44 29 36 49 61 32 58 26 35 86
Last Year 71 80 78 63 93 54 42 95 49 93
Normal 59                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent            
This Year 9 1 2 6 13 5 4 9 16 46
Last Year 18 9 2 10 47 9 8 38 3 24
Normal 11                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent          
This Year 81 78 62 79 94 89 82 88 94 100
Last Year 90 91 81 88 100 96 95 97 100 100
Normal 81                  
Corn Condition            
Very Poor 7 6 5 11 4 14 4 0 3 6
Poor 17 20 27 16 4 12 26 11 8 14
Fair 33 39 36 29 25 30 41 30 22 30
Good 35 29 29 32 55 42 27 49 25 40
Excellent 8 6 3 12 12 2 2 10 42 10
Soybean Condition              
Very Poor 8 1 3 7 8 11 8 0 11 23
Poor 18 11 16 22 11 18 23 5 16 30
Fair 38 38 39 35 42 44 49 72 32 26
Good 30 36 41 31 33 27 20 23 26 15
Excellent 6 14 1 5 6 0 0 0 15 6
Sorghum Condition            
Very Poor 3 0 4 2 3 1 3 0 11 11
Poor 11 8 21 10 3 7 9 3 12 30
Fair 43 37 40 32 38 59 61 43 19 36
Good 39 48 35 51 53 33 24 43 52 21
Excellent 4 7 0 5 3 0 3 11 6 2
Pasture Condition            
Very Poor 23 15 17 46 7 20 43 14 43 87
Poor 30 26 38 30 13 31 38 33 31 13
Fair 34 37 37 19 59 38 19 37 15 0
Good 12 19 8 4 21 11 0 13 11 0
Excellent 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0
Average Precipitation 2.14 2.66 3.28 2.29 1.01 2.72 1.05 4.01 1.38 0.12