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Week Ending September 02, 2007

Agricultural Summary

A week of clear weather enabled corn harvest to progress, during which farmers found generally good yields. However, the dryness increased stress levels on pastures and soybeans. Livestock producers in most areas are feeding supplemental hay much earlier than normal. Walnut caterpillars completely stripped leaves from pecan and walnut groves in Vernon County, although the impact will be minimal since the trees were already damaged by the April freeze. Topsoil moisture rates 38 percent very short, 33 percent short, 28 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is rated 27 percent very short, 43 percent short, and 30 percent adequate. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 91 percent dented, 5 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. Fifty-seven percent is mature, 4 days behind last year and 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Early yield reports in northern and west-central areas range from near average to excellent. Some fields are very dry, with one catching on fire in Lincoln County. Overall, the state is 16 percent harvested, 2 days behind last year but about 3 days ahead of normal. The condition rating is 8 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop is setting pods, 5 days behind last year and marginally behind average. Twenty-two percent is turning color, slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 20 percent. Seven percent is dropping leaves. Soybean condition dropped 3 points in good to excellent from last week, with the crop in the southern two-thirds of the state struggling with heat and dryness, especially double-crop beans. The overall condition rates 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 93 percent compared with 99 percent as normal. Fifty-eight percent is turning color, nearly 2 weeks behind last year and about 1 week behind average. Nineteen percent has reached maturity, 6 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Harvest is 5 percent complete, mostly in south-central and southeastern counties. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Rice harvest is running well ahead of normal at 8 percent complete. Condition rates 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 22 percent excellent. The cotton crop has 71 percent with bolls opening, about 2 weeks ahead of last year and 3 weeks ahead of average as the heat and dryness have pushed maturity. Cotton condition is rated 10 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 86 percent complete, 2 weeks behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 28 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 11 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, with a few points from the fair category slipping to poor and very poor. Hay supply is rated 18 percent very short, 29 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Stock water supply is rated 8 percent very short, 23 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Fire is becoming a danger on dry pastures in south-central areas, making hay shortages worse. While most fires have been small, one blaze burned over 100 acres. Producers in Bates and Vernon Counties are reseeding pastures lost to July flooding. Several producers are beginning to liquidate cow herds in some east-central and south-central counties. Others are selling calves earlier than normal. Some will try to pasture corn stalks and waterways to alleviate the hay shortage.

Weather Summary

Temperatures during the week were near normal over most of the state except the Bootheel, which averaged 2 to 5 degrees above normal. Rainfall averaged 0.04 inches, with all districts reporting less than one-tenth inch. Rainfall averaged 3.50 inches for the month of August compared with the 30-year average of 3.73. The range was 0.34 inches in the southeast district to 6.46 in the north-central. Cape Girardeau in Scott County recorded the second driest August on record with 0.01 inches and the driest March through August period since 1936.

District Summaries As Of September 2, 2007
 
Missouri
NW
NC
NE
WC
C
EC
SW
SC
SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork        
This Year 6.8 6.6 6.7 5.6 6.8 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.6 7.0
Last Year 5.8 5.2 4.8 5.7 5.6 6.4 5.7 7.0 6.7 5.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply        
Very Short 38 1 6 45 34 38 62 30 66 89
Short 33 29 53 26 47 33 28 33 23 11
Adequate 28 67 40 27 19 26 10 37 11 0
Surplus 1 3 1 2 0 3 0 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply        
Very Short 27 1 11 51 15 15 54 20 61 49
Short 43 41 40 35 47 54 39 46 21 48
Adequate 30 57 49 12 38 31 7 34 18 3
Surplus 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent        
This Year 57 26 37 47 78 82 62 65 76 99
Last Year 66 33 58 51 90 82 65 95 74 89
Normal 58                  
Corn Harvested, Percent        
This Year 16 2 6 9 19 15 15 23 30 62
Last Year 19 3 5 8 39 25 9 74 17 36
Normal 13                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent        
This Year 22 14 10 29 13 18 21 2 20 44
Last Year 18 15 11 13 22 18 27 25 15 23
Normal 20                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent        
This Year 58 46 46 61 71 47 61 29 52 100
Last Year 82 91 85 78 97 58 65 98 73 98
Normal 74                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent        
This Year 86 82 75 82 100 91 95 90 100 100
Last Year 94 93 93 96 100 99 96 100 100 100
Normal 88                  
Corn Condition        
Very Poor 8 8 6 12 4 16 7 0 5 3
Poor 16 20 29 17 5 9 29 0 8 10
Fair 31 34 31 33 29 27 37 37 16 24
Good 37 32 31 31 50 46 25 53 27 37
Excellent 8 6 3 7 12 2 2 10 44 26
Soybean Condition        
Very Poor 10 3 4 8 8 13 12 0 13 22
Poor 19 11 17 24 11 16 27 5 16 30
Fair 38 36 41 37 51 36 41 75 33 26
Good 28 36 36 28 27 35 19 20 26 15
Excellent 5 14 2 3 3 0 1 0 12 7
Sorghum Condition        
Very Poor 3 0 3 2 3 1 4 0 13 8
Poor 12 7 23 11 4 8 13 2 14 27
Fair 45 38 43 34 56 55 55 49 23 30
Good 38 53 31 51 35 36 25 41 44 32
Excellent 2 2 0 2 2 0 3 8 6 3
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages        
Very Short 18 18 18 28 1 5 39 1 47 74
Short 29 44 27 40 20 30 45 12 25 21
Adequate 52 37 52 29 76 65 16 87 27 5
Surplus 1 1 3 3 3 0 0 0 1 0
Stock Water Supplies        
Very Short 8 0 1 12 0 5 23 1 19 61
Short 23 14 14 30 11 20 54 9 41 36
Adequate 68 80 84 55 89 75 23 90 40 3
Surplus 1 6 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition        
Very Poor 28 4 16 49 10 20 56 20 56 94
Poor 29 26 42 24 20 31 25 34 27 6
Fair 31 47 35 21 54 37 14 33 9 0
Good 11 20 7 5 16 12 5 11 8 0
Excellent 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.04 0.09 0.02 0.06 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.04 0.00