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Week Ending September 23, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Farmers were very active during the week, as mostly dry weather allowed for steady progress of corn, milo, and soybeans harvests, with winter wheat planting also underway in all districts. In the Bootheel, the cotton and rice harvests continue to run well ahead of normal. The dry weather caused poor pasture conditions to slip further in most areas. Topsoil moisture rates 27 percent very short, 40 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-two percent of the corn crop is mature, the same as normal. Harvest is 57 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average of 50 percent. Progress ranges from 25 percent complete in the northwest to 95 percent in the southeast. Corn condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Eighty-two percent of the soybean crop is turning color, with 52 percent dropping leaves, both slightly ahead of last year and average. Twenty-one percent is mature, the same as normal. Harvest is 7 percent complete, compared with 3 percent last year and 4 percent as the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 11 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is at 89 percent, 9 days behind normal, while 58 percent is mature, 6 days behind average. Harvest is 22 percent complete, at least 5 days behind last year and normal. The southwest and south-central districts are 71 and 52 percentage points behind last year, although their harvest pace last year at this time was much faster than the state average. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice harvest advanced 19 points to 64 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal. Cotton boll opening is virtually complete, finishing nearly 1 month ahead of last year and normal. Harvest is 39 percent complete, nearly 3 weeks ahead of last year and normal at 4 percent. Cotton condition is rated 9 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 26 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 14 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, a decline of 3 points in good to excellent. Conditions are especially poor in the eastern third of the state. The northeast district has 2 percent of its pasture rated good to excellent, while the east-central and southeast districts are rated 0 percent in those categories. Winter availability of hay and stock water supplies is a major concern in those areas, as well as some parts of the central and south-central districts.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 8 to 12 degrees above normal in the northern half of the state and 4 to 7 degrees above normal in the south. Rainfall averaged 0.18 inches. The northwest averaged 0.98 inches, the north-central 0.37, and all other districts 0.07 or less, including no measurable precipitation in the three southern districts.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 23, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork            
This Year 6.7 5.7 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0
Last Year 5.4 4.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.2 5.9 5.0 2.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply            
Very Short 27 1 18 58 15 40 38 7 11 58
Short 40 34 55 40 43 39 35 26 49 36
Adequate 32 64 26 2 42 18 27 60 40 6
Surplus 1 1 1 0 0 3 0 7 0 0
Corn Harvested, Percent            
This Year 57 25 56 48 68 84 80 65 79 95
Last Year 55 18 44 42 86 75 49 97 58 87
Normal 50                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent          
This Year 52 52 50 67 34 48 56 7 30 54
Last Year 48 57 48 56 40 44 62 22 16 44
Normal 48                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent            
This Year 21 5 27 21 12 33 31 1 17 29
Last Year 19 20 23 16 12 17 19 2 4 24
Normal 21                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent            
This Year 58 62 44 57 75 40 58 42 65 100
Last Year 74 85 45 77 88 61 72 94 44 72
Normal 69                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent            
This Year 6 5 3 13 7 9 8 5 15 1
Last Year 6 5 3 5 11 9 10 6 25 5
Normal 5                  
Corn Condition            
Very Poor 6 3 5 10 2 16 3 0 2 4
Poor 13 13 20 18 3 9 27 15 9 8
Fair 28 30 32 30 22 20 37 52 16 18
Good 39 36 34 32 58 49 27 29 32 41
Excellent 14 18 9 10 15 6 6 4 41 29
Soybean Condition            
Very Poor 11 3 7 8 4 18 14 0 10 26
Poor 18 9 14 24 10 19 28 8 16 30
Fair 34 34 37 36 43 32 47 19 29 26
Good 30 37 37 27 35 31 11 73 33 14
Excellent 7 17 5 5 8 0 0 0 12 4
Sorghum Condition            
Very Poor 3 0 3 2 2 1 3 0 12 9
Poor 11 4 14 10 2 10 11 8 14 23
Fair 44 42 48 32 41 50 62 59 22 32
Good 39 47 33 51 50 39 18 30 50 34
Excellent 3 7 2 5 5 0 6 3 2 2
Pasture Condition            
Very Poor 26 2 15 53 8 29 39 15 54 87
Poor 25 22 39 31 17 25 31 23 19 12
Fair 33 46 37 14 58 29 30 35 17 1
Good 14 27 9 1 16 15 0 21 10 0
Excellent 2 3 0 1 1 2 0 6 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.18 0.98 0.37 0.03 0.07 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00