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Week Ending September 30, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Most counties received light to moderate rainfall during the week, but farmers still had 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork to harvest corn, soybeans, milo, cotton, and rice, as well as plant winter wheat. The rain was a slight help to pasture conditions in some areas, particularly the southwest district. However, the three eastern districts are in desperate need of rain to improve pasture conditions and stock water supplies. More rain is also needed for good wheat germination. Topsoil moisture rates 23 percent very short, 39 percent short, 37 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus, a modest improvement from last week.


Field Crops Report

The corn crop is mature with the exception of a few fields in the three northern districts. Harvest is 69 percent complete, the same as last year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average of 64 percent. Progress ranges from 35 percent complete in the northwest to 97 percent in the southeast. Yields are reported as highly variable across northern counties, depending on wind damage and summer moisture. Irrigated fields in the Bootheel produced average yields. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop is turning color, with 68 percent dropping leaves, both slightly behind last year and average. Forty-three percent is mature, marginally ahead of last year and normal. Harvest is 14 percent complete, compared with 10 percent last year and 12 percent as the 5-year average. Initial yields are above average in the northwest. However, it appears dryness stressed soybeans in northeastern and east-central counties, cutting yields to levels below average in many areas. Dryland soybean yields in the Bootheel are very poor, with some double-crop beans not worth harvesting. Even some irrigated fields are well below average. Soybean condition is rated 11 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is at 93 percent, 10 days behind normal, while 67 percent is mature, 1 week behind average. Harvest is 33 percent complete, about 1 week behind last year and normal. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 80 percent complete, 1 week ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest is 46 percent complete, 18 days ahead of last year 16 days ahead of the 5-year average. Irrigated yields have been good to excellent, but dryland yields poor. Cotton condition is rated 9 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Winter wheat is 9 percent planted and 2 percent emerged, both even with normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 23 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 16 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week. Hay and livestock water shortages were reported in the east-central district as well as the eastern part of the south-central district. Pasture reseeding occurred in the northeast and central districts. Pike County in the northeast reported livestock producers planning to seed wheat or rye fields for fall grazing.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged mostly 7 to 9 degrees above normal during the week. Rainfall averaged 0.80 inches, ranging from 0.32 inches in the east-central district to 1.73 in the southeast. High winds and hail were reported in parts of the central district.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 30, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork            
This Year 5.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.0 4.3
Last Year 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.2 7.0 6.1 3.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply
Very Short 23 1 10 40 17 38 49 3 18 39
Short 39 37 51 55 45 32 33 22 40 38
Adequate 37 61 39 5 38 27 18 69 42 23
Surplus 1 1 0 0 0 3 0 6 0 0
Corn Harvested, Percent            
This Year 69 35 63 62 83 91 94 73 85 97
Last Year 69 31 62 57 95 90 72 98 77 92
Normal 64                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent            
This Year 43 32 45 55 24 55 64 2 36 49
Last Year 39 43 42 45 32 34 44 8 20 36
Normal 41                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent            
This Year 14 9 13 17 6 18 27 0 10 22
Last Year 10 4 10 12 8 12 14 1 6 14
Normal 12                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent            
This Year 33 27 19 30 29 16 42 15 52 94
Last Year 48 32 23 40 78 36 31 90 18 54
Normal 46                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent            
This Year 9 12 8 14 11 12 12 8 26 5
Last Year 11 11 7 8 14 13 23 9 36 9
Normal 9                  
Soybean Condition            
Very Poor 11 2 6 8 4 20 17 10 26 26
Poor 17 11 10 26 8 18 30 16 30 30
Fair 37 39 38 36 46 32 42 29 27 27
Good 28 32 39 26 36 30 11 33 11 11
Excellent 7 16 7 4 6 0 0 12 6 6
Sorghum Condition            
Very Poor 3 0 3 1 1 0 4 0 12 11
Poor 10 5 14 12 2 10 13 4 14 22
Fair 44 36 48 33 37 51 62 58 22 32
Good 39 52 33 51 47 39 20 32 50 33
Excellent 4 7 2 3 13 0 1 6 2 2
Pasture Condition            
Very Poor 23 3 9 56 13 29 45 6 41 92
Poor 25 22 42 29 23 23 26 14 21 7
Fair 35 43 36 14 50 27 29 43 27 1
Good 16 29 13 1 13 19 0 33 11 0
Excellent 1 3 0 0 1 2 0 4 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.80 0.59 1.05 0.86 0.59 0.98 0.32 0.39 0.84 1.73