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Week Ending October 7, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Farmers again made steady progress during the week with the row crop harvest and wheat planting. Light to moderate rain fell in nearly every county, but abnormally warm weather quickly dried soils enough to limit harvest downtime. The moisture and warmth promoted pasture growth in many areas, while also providing good conditions for wheat germination. Topsoil moisture rates 24 percent very short, 36 percent short, 38 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. There was general improvement in topsoil moisture among the western districts, while the southeast deteriorated. Subsoil moisture rates 22 percent very short, 40 percent short, and 38 percent adequate. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork.


Field Crops Report

Corn harvest is 81 percent complete, nearly even with last year and 6 days ahead of the 5-year average of 76 percent. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop is turning color, about 5 days behind last year and normal. Eighty-one percent is dropping leaves, 3 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Sixty-six percent is mature, 1 point behind last year at this time but slightly ahead of average. Harvest is 31 percent complete, marginally behind last year but about 1 day ahead of the 5-year average of 28 percent. Yield reports are highly variable even within counties. Soybean condition is rated 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Eighty-two percent of the sorghum crop has reached maturity, 8 days behind last year and 6 days behind normal. Harvest is 46 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and 1 week behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 88 percent complete, 1 week ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest is 65 percent complete, over 4 weeks in front of last year and more than 3 weeks ahead of the 5-year average. Winter wheat is 19 percent planted, 3 days behind last year and about 1 day behind normal. Emergence is at 6 percent, the same as average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 28 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. Hay supply is estimated as 13 percent very short, 28 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, 13 percentage points better than last year at this time in the adequate and surplus categories. Stock water supply is rated 8 percent very short, 22 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus, 27 points better than last year in adequate and surplus. While hay and livestock water supplies are improved over last year at the state level, some areas are still struggling, especially in the three eastern districts as well as some counties in the south-central.

Weather Summary

Average temperatures were well above normal by 10 to 13 degrees. Rainfall averaged 0.81 inches. District totals fell in a range of about three-quarters to one and one-quarter inches, except the south-central district at 0.43 and the southeast at 0.01.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 7, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork            
This Year 5.8 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.6 6.7
Last Year 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply            
Very Short 24 0 12 37 16 36 36 4 20 51
Short 36 33 40 48 38 28 45 10 56 39
Adequate 38 66 43 15 46 33 19 81 24 10
Surplus 2 1 5 0 0 3 0 5 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply            
Very Short 22 1 18 38 7 28 45 1 2 54
Short 40 32 33 51 55 35 35 21 85 24
Adequate 38 66 49 11 38 37 20 78 11 22
Surplus 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Corn Harvested, Percent            
This Year 81 56 78 69 92 94 96 84 98 99
Last Year 82 54 74 76 99 95 89 99 89 96
Normal 76                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent            
This Year 31 17 36 35 20 32 47 3 27 36
Last Year 33 26 36 47 26 47 30 4 10 29
Normal 28                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent            
This Year 46 48 37 45 45 32 51 24 63 97
Last Year 61 53 34 51 86 51 53 93 46 71
Normal 59                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent            
This Year 19 17 22 29 19 20 24 15 37 14
Last Year 26 23 26 34 19 29 46 19 53 22
Normal 22                  
Soybean Condition            
Very Poor 10 1 2 8 4 20 18 0 9 22
Poor 19 8 10 25 8 15 33 4 16 41
Fair 34 34 39 29 46 32 39 51 27 22
Good 30 38 40 33 36 33 10 42 34 8
Excellent 7 19 9 5 6 0 0 3 14 7
Sorghum Condition            
Very Poor 3 0 3 1 1 1 4 0 25 8
Poor 9 2 5 9 2 10 14 4 28 21
Fair 46 23 51 35 36 53 63 64 27 34
Good 38 65 37 50 47 36 18 29 17 33
Excellent 4 10 4 5 14 0 1 3 3 4
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages            
Very Short 13 14 6 25 1 8 39 0 31 75
Short 28 38 29 43 22 27 41 8 38 10
Adequate 55 46 61 29 67 64 20 85 31 15
Surplus 4 2 4 3 10 1 0 7 0 0
Stock Water Supplies            
Very Short 8 1 3 14 1 5 40 0 13 71
Short 22 25 17 31 14 25 33 4 41 7
Adequate 69 71 79 49 85 70 27 96 45 22
Surplus 1 3 1 6 0 0 0 0 1 0
Pasture Condition            
Very Poor 28 3 10 54 14 31 44 4 70 89
Poor 22 17 39 30 22 19 24 14 18 9
Fair 32 48 34 14 50 23 32 47 11 2
Good 17 29 16 1 14 25 0 31 1 0
Excellent 1 3 1 1 0 2 0 4 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.81 0.91 1.28 1.14 0.89 0.77 0.72 1.22 0.43 0.01