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Week Ending October 14, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Minimal progress was made in the corn harvest, as farmers in northern districts shifted combines into fields of mature soybeans. Central and southern areas also made good progress with soybean harvest. Fall fertilizer application and tillage became more widespread, with fall tillage 20 percent complete for the state. Wheat planting advanced substantially in all areas. However, rain put a halt to activities late in the week. Topsoil moisture rates 19 percent very short, 37 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. The three eastern districts and much of the south-central district remain quite dry. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork.


Field Crops Report

Corn harvest is 83 percent complete, an advance of only 2 points from last week. Harvest is running about 1 week behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. Ninety-two percent of the soybean crop is dropping leaves, with 78 percent mature, both about 3 days behind last year and nearly even with average. Harvest progressed 16 points to 47 percent complete, 2 days behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 45 percent. Yields are running near normal to above average in many areas, although reports in the northeast indicate very poor yields in the driest areas, with a few fields too poor to even harvest. Soybean condition is rated 11 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Eighty-seven percent of the sorghum crop has reached maturity, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Harvest is 57 percent complete, over 1 week behind last year and normal. Rice harvest is 96 percent complete, 13 days ahead of last year and 17 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest is 81 percent complete, over 1 month in front of last year and average. Winter wheat is 41 percent planted compared with 19 percent last week and 40 percent as the 5-year average. Emergence is at 16 percent, even with normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 28 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, nearly identical to last week. A stark contrast exists among districts. The southeast, northeast, and south-central districts are rated 96, 89, and 85 percent poor to very poor. Some are planting wheat and rye for fall grazing in Pike County in the northeast district. A report in the south-central district indicated that a few farmers are selling cattle for lack of hay. By contrast, the southwest, northwest, and central districts are rated 44, 34, and 31 percent good to excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were above normal by 3 to 5 degrees in most areas of the state. Rainfall averaged 0.75 inches, with the heavier amounts generally favouring the western two-thirds of the state. Totals ranged from less than one-quarter inch in the northeast and east-central districts to about one and three-quarters in the northwest.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 14, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork          
This Year 5.6 4.4 4.5 5.9 5.7 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.4
Last Year 6.1 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply          
Very Short 19 0 8 34 7 17 55 6 17 42
Short 37 26 30 54 44 35 30 6 61 35
Adequate 42 69 56 12 49 44 15 87 22 23
Surplus 2 5 6 0 0 4 0 1 0 0
Corn Harvested, Percent          
This Year 83 57 82 75 95 96 97 92 100 100
Last Year 87 63 81 86 99 97 94 100 97 99
Normal 82                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent          
This Year 92 98 95 98 78 98 96 38 88 92
Last Year 95 99 96 97 95 96 94 87 79 93
Normal 93                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent          
This Year 78 74 86 92 61 85 86 26 69 74
Last Year 83 95 87 89 72 88 86 53 65 70
Normal 79                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent          
This Year 47 32 48 60 35 48 62 11 42 57
Last Year 53 50 55 69 40 63 55 16 23 48
Normal 45                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent          
This Year 87 88 90 97 96 73 89 71 87 100
Last Year 97 99 84 98 99 96 96 98 99 100
Normal 95                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent          
This Year 57 49 54 65 65 41 63 32 64 98
Last Year 70 57 48 57 91 62 65 94 77 84
Normal 67                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent          
This Year 41 32 38 59 33 38 36 31 50 46
Last Year 45 34 50 56 32 38 65 42 74 42
Normal 40                  
Winter Wheat Emerged, Percent          
This Year 16 8 12 25 13 16 15 11 41 17
Last Year 15 11 15 19 12 12 30 7 40 15
Normal 16                  
Soybean Condition          
Very Poor 11 2 2 8 4 24 17 0 10 23
Poor 18 12 8 28 8 18 32 0 16 29
Fair 34 36 41 27 46 23 39 45 29 30
Good 30 32 39 34 37 35 12 51 33 14
Excellent 7 18 10 3 5 0 0 4 12 4
Pasture Condition          
Very Poor 28 1 7 59 11 31 49 6 66 87
Poor 23 19 39 30 26 20 25 6 19 9
Fair 30 46 36 11 52 18 26 44 13 4
Good 17 26 17 0 11 29 0 36 2 0
Excellent 2 8 1 0 0 2 0 8 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.75 1.76 0.86 0.18 1.11 0.71 0.22 0.76 0.51 0.41