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Week Ending April 6, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Field work and spring plantings were delayed due to heavy rains that fell across the State. Some wheat and pasture fields were flooded in the west-central and southeast districts. Warmer temperatures and sunshine are needed to improve pasture conditions. Dunklin County in the Bootheel reported severe storms and high winds that damaged some buildings and irrigation systems. Farmers are anxious to get back in the fields. Topsoil moisture rates 1 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 42 percent surplus. The subsoil moisture supply is rated 1 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus. Spring tillage is 14 percent complete, compared with 44 percent as normal. There were 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Very minimal corn acreage has been planted, with only 1 percent of the crop in the ground with normal being 15 percent. Some areas in the west-central district may have to replant corn due to flooding. Wheat condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, moderately better than last year’s crop, rated 46 percent good to excellent at this time. Some wheat fields were flooded in the west-central and east-central districts. Growers in Bates County, the west-central district, are concerned about the condition of the wheat crop due to standing water and the winter freeze.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 3 percent excellent compared to last year’s rating of 4 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 47 percent fair, 26 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Poor pasture conditions can be attributed to the cool, wet weather. Hay supply is rated 11 percent very short, 33 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. The worst shortages are in the northwest and south-central districts. Stock water supplies are rated 1 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Several reporters continued to comment on the need for warmer temperatures to stimulate pasture grasses.

Weather Summary

Missouri temperatures during the past week were 1 to 4 degrees below average, compared to the record low temperatures this week last year resulting from the devastating Easter freeze. Rainfall averaged 1.99 inches. Precipitation was 3 to 5 inches in the southeast and south-central districts, while the others ranged from 0.47 to 2.75 inches.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of April 6, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.1 3.7 3.2 1.8 2.3 1.2 0.7 2.2 2.3 0.0
Last Year 3.6 3.7 1.5 1.5 5.2 3.5 3.5 4.9 6.1 4.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 57 77 77 65 54 61 51 22 52 22
Surplus 42 22 20 34 46 39 49 78 48 78
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 1 1 3 0 0 4 0 0 0
Adequate 77 93 85 78 76 87 76 60 75 34
Surplus 22 6 14 19 24 13 20 40 25 66
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 14 9 30 13 27 12 5 17 13 15
Last Year 44 48 35 15 54 31 44 55 48 79
Normal 44                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 1 2 3 0 2 1 0 3 0 2
Last Year 12 2 4 1 13 3 10 20 14 59
Normal 15                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 16
Poor 8 2 2 5 7 1 5 0 6 24
Fair 33 58 34 27 31 34 38 25 10 37
Good 49 36 55 58 51 59 47 74 51 22
Excellent 6 4 9 10 10 5 10 1 33 1
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 11 35 13 35 0 4 6 0 12 8
Short 33 40 37 33 6 35 56 6 57 15
Adequate 51 24 49 30 94 57 38 69 30 70
Surplus 5 1 1 2 0 4 0 25 1 7
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 7 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 74 89 95 85 76 76 51 38 81 17
Surplus 25 4 3 10 24 24 49 62 19 83
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 7 10 20 17 0 10 1 0 0 1
Poor 21 37 32 21 11 9 10 2 37 6
Fair 41 31 31 41 59 40 55 46 37 48
Good 28 19 16 20 21 40 34 47 20 44
Excellent 3 3 1 1 9 1 0 5 6 1
Average Precipitation 1.99 0.60 0.47 0.55 1.84 2.24 2.75 1.81 3.02 5.01