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Week Ending May 4, 2008

Agricultural Summary

A few days of warmer weather allowed farmers to return to the fields. However, rains the latter part of the week further hampered spring planting and other field activities. Producers in the northern and central parts of the State are considering switching acres from corn to soybeans if planting delays still occur over the next 10 days. Some farm buildings were damaged as a result of a tornado in the southern part of Dunklin County. Spring tillage is 33 percent complete, over a month behind both last year and normal. Topsoil moisture rates 62 percent adequate and 38 surplus. Subsoil moisture rates 2 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus, with some slight dryness in the east central district. There were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting advanced 15 percentage points over last week to 23 percent complete, more than two weeks behind last year and three weeks behind normal. Progress in the Bootheel continued to accelerate from last week to 68 percent complete, while the slowest pace is the west central and northern part of the State. Corn emergence is at 7 percent, 12 days behind last year and 19 days behind normal. Soybean planting was minimal over the past week. Two percent of the crop is planted. Rice planting is 39 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Rice emergence is at 4 percent complete, 12 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. Cotton planting stands at 19 percent complete, 7 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Sorghum planting is 4 percent complete, compared with 12 percent last year and 20 percent for the 5-year average. Winter wheat condition for the State is rated 6 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight deterioration from last week. Eleven percent of the winter wheat crop has headed, over a week behind last year and normal. The first cutting of alfalfa is 2 percent harvested, 12 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Other hay cutting is getting started, with 1 percent harvested statewide.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Pasture conditions at the State level improved 5 points from last week in the good to excellent categories. However, pasture conditions did not improve due to wet, cool temperatures in the west central, central, and northeast parts of the State. Hay supply is rated 13 percent very short, 28 percent short, 56 adequate, and 3 percent surplus. The worst shortages were across the northern part of the State. Stock water supplies are rated 84 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Missouri temperatures during the past week were 2 to 5 degrees below normal throughout the state, with the warmest area being the Bootheel. Statewide rainfall averaged 0.79 inches for the week. The southwest district recorded the lowest average at 0.43 inches while the southeast district recorded the highest average at 1.69 inches, with Butler, Dunklin, and Scott counties receiving over 2 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 4, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.0 2.4 1.1 1.8 2.4 3.4 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.1
Last Year 2.3 2.8 1.4 2.1 0.4 1.8 2.5 3.5 3.9 3.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 62 56 45 46 52 65 72 78 82 62
Surplus 38 44 55 54 48 35 28 22 18 38
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 0 1 3 0 0 14 0 0 0
Adequate 78 68 74 70 68 81 78 96 95 79
Surplus 20 32 25 26 32 19 8 4 5 21
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 33 26 32 20 38 30 42 49 49 49
Last Year 68 65 60 45 72 60 72 73 90 93
Normal 78                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 23 11 7 3 11 28 33 33 22 68
Last Year 54 48 50 29 57 70 62 37 62 97
Normal 76                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 7 2 1 1 5 10 3 7 3 24
Last Year 32 24 23 13 40 34 39 17 41 85
Normal 52                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7
Last Year 6 6 1 2 0 3 6 1 7 23
Normal 11                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 11 0 0 0 2 3 4 6 14 29
Last Year 33 2 11 9 11 28 29 20 40 87
Normal 42                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 6 2 1 0 4 1 3 0 0 16
Poor 10 6 6 10 11 2 5 1 2 21
Fair 37 51 28 24 41 28 33 52 16 35
Good 42 39 53 56 37 66 57 41 50 26
Excellent 5 2 12 10 7 3 2 6 32 2
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 13 31 12 47 1 5 12 0 14 9
Short 28 37 50 27 17 28 40 7 30 28
Adequate 56 31 35 23 80 66 48 78 55 63
Surplus 3 1 3 3 2 1 0 15 1 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 84 88 74 66 69 88 91 88 96 60
Surplus 16 11 25 34 31 12 9 12 4 40
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 8 7 0 3 0 1 0 0
Poor 8 13 14 16 14 6 11 2 2 1
Fair 37 52 56 44 49 24 46 20 28 18
Good 47 33 19 30 30 61 35 68 65 52
Excellent 6 2 3 3 7 6 8 9 5 29
Average Precipitation 0.79 0.81 0.86 0.65 1.06 0.78 0.60 0.43 0.63 1.69