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Week Ending May 11, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Another week of wet weather continued to limit spring planting. The south-central part of Missouri experienced well below normal temperatures that resulted in frost in low lying areas. Warmer weather is urgently needed to improve growing conditions. Some reporters in the central part of the State noted that the planted corn is suffering from cool temperatures. The severe weather destroyed some corn and strawberries in Newton County, and some livestock were lost along with dairy barns and poultry buildings. Spring tillage, at 42 percent complete, is over a month behind both last year and normal. Topsoil moisture rates 47 percent adequate and 53 surplus. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide while the southeast region experienced their best week of the year with 4.2 days suitable.

Field Crops Report

Thirty-four percent of intended corn acres are planted, over two weeks behind last year and nearly four weeks behind normal. Growers were able to plant a fraction of their corn acres, as drier fields are needed before the majority of the corn can be planted. Corn emergence is at 15 percent, 14 days behind last year and 22 days behind normal. Soybean planting advanced 3 percentage points over last week to 5 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. Rice planting is 69 percent complete, 5 days behind last year and 7 days behind normal, while emergence is at 25 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Cotton planting continued its rapid advance to 53 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Sorghum planting is 11 percent complete, about a week behind last year and more than two weeks behind normal. Winter wheat condition for the State is rated 5 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Thirty-four percent of the winter wheat crop has headed, a week behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Progress jumped 48 points in the Bootheel from last week to 77 percent complete. The first cutting of alfalfa is 3 percent harvested, more than two weeks behind last year and 9 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Pasture growth has been slowed by the cool, wet weather.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 5 degrees below normal for the week. The state averaged 2.02 inches of rainfall, ranging from 0.80 inches in the southeast district to 3.27 inches in the southwest.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 11, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.5 2.4 2.0 1.6 1.2 2.2 1.7 3.6 3.6 4.2
Last Year 3.0 1.7 1.6 3.6 0.7 2.9 4.8 3.5 5.1 5.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 47 46 33 25 27 37 66 65 80 65
Surplus 53 54 67 75 73 63 34 35 20 35
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 42 38 34 23 41 35 42 55 55 64
Last Year 73 69 65 52 73 66 82 84 94 95
Normal 83                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 34 26 16 8 29 31 33 46 39 84
Last Year 63 56 56 42 60 77 78 54 83 99
Normal 83                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 15 6 7 1 17 11 8 25 12 50
Last Year 45 32 39 21 53 54 58 30 62 91
Normal 67                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 5 3 0 1 0 1 1 0 4 18
Last Year 13 10 3 6 0 10 19 2 12 36
Normal 21                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 11 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 37
Last Year 17 10 4 11 0 11 26 5 36 72
Normal 30                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 34 0 0 7 25 4 12 30 33 77
Last Year 63 31 41 43 60 58 63 56 69 95
Normal 71                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 3 0 0 1 1 1 2 10 9 21
Last Year 18 2 2 2 11 33 37 50 29 44
Normal 11                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 5 2 1 3 5 1 2 0 0 11
Poor 10 6 5 12 11 2 4 2 7 18
Fair 38 53 37 24 37 32 31 58 17 37
Good 43 36 47 53 42 63 59 39 45 31
Excellent 4 3 10 8 5 2 4 1 31 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 6 5 0 1 0 1 0 0
Poor 9 6 28 16 14 7 4 3 1 1
Fair 35 53 38 45 37 26 49 22 31 45
Good 49 39 24 29 39 61 43 67 64 32
Excellent 6 2 4 5 10 5 4 7 4 22
Average Precipitation 2.02 1.55 1.50 1.56 2.32 2.77 2.38 3.27 1.58 0.80