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Week Ending May 18, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Cool, wet weather hampered fieldwork and hindered crop growth although open weather towards the end of the week allowed some corn planting on upland soils and alfalfa hay harvesting. The southern half of the state was mostly 6 to 7 degrees below normal while the northern part was 3 to 4 degrees cooler than usual. Rainfall was generally greater in the cooler areas. Topsoil moisture improved to 73 percent adequate and 27 surplus. Spring tillage, at 55 percent complete, is 5 weeks behind normal and over 3 weeks behind a year ago. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn planted, while advancing to 55 percent planted, remained over two weeks behind last year and nearly four weeks behind normal. Most progress was made in the northwest, north-central and central districts where warmer, drier conditions prevailed. Corn emergence, at 27 percent, is 2 weeks behind last year and 24 days behind normal. The low temperatures and wet weather have not been beneficial for the young corn plants. Soybean planting reached 12 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Most progress was made in the major soybean production areas of the southeast and northwest districts. Rice planting is 85 percent complete, about 6 days behind last year and normal. Emergence of the rice crop, at 58 percent complete, is approximately 8 days behind last year and normal. Rice condition was reported as 7 percent poor, 14 percent fair and 79 percent good. Cotton planting again progressed rapidly, reaching 78 percent completion, about normal for this date but still nearly a week behind last year. Sorghum planting made good progress, mostly in the Bootheel, reaching 20 percent complete statewide, 4 days behind last year and two weeks behind normal. Winter wheat condition for the State is rated 6 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 39 percent good and 5 percent excellent, a slight decline from last week, especially in the good category. Fifty-seven percent of the winter wheat crop has headed, just over a week behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Heading neared completion in the Bootheel but lags far behind last year in the northern third of the state. The first cutting of alfalfa is 12 percent harvested, 12 days behind last year and a week behind normal. Other hay is 3 percent cut, 5 days behind normal and 11 days behind last year.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 52 percent good and 4 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. The ongoing cool weather continues to limit pasture growth.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 3 to 7 degrees below normal for the week. The state averaged 0.65 of an inch of rainfall, ranging from 0.06 of an inch in the northwest district to 1.36 inches in the south-central part of the state.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 18, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.8 4.9 3.9 2.3 4.4 3.2 1.2 4.6 4.4 3.8
Last Year 5.5 5.6 4.8 5.7 4.3 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1
Adequate 73 75 75 61 62 72 74 75 81 75
Surplus 27 24 25 38 38 28 26 23 19 24
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 55 57 55 33 56 47 42 65 80 70
Last Year 81 75 71 71 77 79 91 89 96 97
Normal 88                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 55 56 49 20 52 63 34 57 49 90
Last Year 81 78 70 74 74 89 89 73 90 100
Normal 90                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 27 16 19 5 30 23 22 40 20 70
Last Year 61 53 50 41 63 72 70 38 69 96
Normal 78                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 12 14 7 3 6 4 4 0 7 29
Last Year 29 30 14 24 9 32 33 4 26 51
Normal 37                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 20 8 1 1 10 1 1 1 4 66
Last Year 30 36 12 32 7 20 37 9 50 89
Normal 45                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 57 14 21 15 51 41 67 61 63 94
Last Year 86 61 80 79 92 88 84 81 92 97
Normal 89                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 12 9 2 5 6 9 12 24 23 76
Last Year 34 7 18 12 20 62 57 76 40 82
Normal 29                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 3 1 1 1 1 4 3 7 4 7
Last Year 17 1 3 3 10 25 26 22 23 16
Normal 10                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 6 1 1 3 5 0 4 0 0 14
Poor 11 6 10 11 10 3 5 5 8 18
Fair 39 56 49 26 38 38 30 55 17 36
Good 39 34 31 51 39 53 60 39 45 30
Excellent 5 3 9 9 8 6 1 1 30 2
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 5 4 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 7 7 17 14 13 3 0 3 1 1
Fair 36 51 55 45 43 26 46 17 26 45
Good 52 40 19 33 37 70 42 75 69 30
Excellent 4 2 4 4 7 1 12 4 4 24
Average Precipitation 0.65 0.06 0.08 0.28 0.21 0.65 1.17 0.99 1.36 0.81