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Week Ending May 25, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Producers were able to return to the fields early last week; however, heavy rains slowed progress the latter part of the week over the northern two-thirds of the State. Crop progress continues well behind the normal pace. Topsoil moisture rates 1 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 42 percent surplus. Spring tillage is 65 percent complete, over a month behind normal and more than three weeks behind a year ago. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork, one of the most active weeks of the season.

Field Crops Report

Corn planted is 72 percent complete for the State, 10 days behind last year and more than three weeks behind normal. Planting in the Bootheel is complete due to improved weather conditions. Corn emergence is at 41 percent, 16 days behind last year and 25 days behind normal. Many producers in the northeast part of the State, currently at 46 percent planted, are considering switching acres from corn to soybeans if rain continues. Soybean planting advanced 12 points over last week to 24 percent complete, more than a week behind last year and two weeks behind normal. Progress jumped 26 points in the Bootheel from last week to 55 percent complete. Soybean emergence is 8 percent, 9 days behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Rice planting is virtually complete, about the same as last year and 7 days ahead of normal. Rice emergence is at 81 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and 5 days behind normal. Rice condition was reported as 1 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 78 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Cotton planting is virtually complete, about the same as last year and 12 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting continued to make good progress, mostly in the Bootheel, reaching 28 percent complete statewide, 8 days behind last year and just over two weeks behind normal. Winter wheat condition for the State is rated 5 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 42 percent good and 5 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week. Eighty percent of the winter wheat crop has headed, over a week behind last year and normal. The first cutting of alfalfa is 27 percent harvested, over a week behind last year and normal. Other hay is 10 percent cut, 10 days behind normal and 7 days behind last year.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 50 percent good and 6 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. Cool temperatures and excessive moisture continue to slow pasture growth.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 4 degrees above normal over most of the State, while the northeast, north central, and central areas were 1 to 3 degrees below normal. The State averaged 1.11 inches of rainfall for the week. The lightest totals fell in the southeast district at 0.36 inches and 0.44 inches in the south-central, while the heaviest total was recorded in the west-central district at 1.99 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 25, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.2 5.0 5.0 6.3
Last Year 4.8 3.8 4.3 5.2 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.7 6.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 11
Adequate 57 73 37 48 43 55 46 51 85 72
Surplus 42 27 63 51 57 45 54 49 15 17
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 65 65 59 53 66 55 61 70 86 85
Last Year 89 82 85 90 83 88 96 91 98 99
Normal 92                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 72 74 71 46 77 70 52 87 73 100
Last Year 91 88 88 92 87 96 95 92 97 100
Normal 96                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 41 30 32 12 46 46 28 53 37 93
Last Year 75 63 69 69 77 86 82 64 83 98
Normal 87                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 24 26 10 15 15 15 9 2 24 55
Last Year 49 49 37 55 22 59 52 5 48 68
Normal 57                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 8 4 1 2 1 7 1 0 8 28
Last Year 26 21 12 28 10 31 26 1 24 48
Normal 32                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 28 12 6 5 18 5 2 5 24 86
Last Year 46 69 37 70 25 39 46 21 56 97
Normal 62                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 80 43 39 68 90 78 70 85 84 98
Last Year 96 71 96 95 98 98 94 96 99 99
Normal 96                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 27 20 4 16 36 42 24 44 41 88
Last Year 48 11 25 34 56 75 68 94 78 100
Normal 50                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 10 4 1 2 7 14 9 19 12 35
Last Year 27 2 10 8 15 37 34 34 39 40
Normal 23                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 5 0 1 4 6 0 2 0 0 12
Poor 10 6 5 12 9 2 12 3 7 20
Fair 38 64 57 22 35 40 30 46 17 34
Good 42 26 35 52 40 52 50 51 45 32
Excellent 5 4 2 10 10 6 6 0 31 2
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 7 4 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 6 2 18 13 7 6 3 2 1 1
Fair 37 60 56 37 39 22 49 26 21 10
Good 50 34 16 41 42 68 40 63 77 50
Excellent 6 4 3 5 12 4 8 8 1 39
Average Precipitation 1.11 1.42 1.87 0.75 1.99 1.02 1.25 1.07 0.44 0.36