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Week Ending June 22, 2008

Agricultural Summary

While several counties experienced some flooding along the Mississippi River, rains were welcomed in the Bootheel. Farmers took advantage of breaks in the rains to plant corn and soybeans. Some farmers in Pike County worked all night to finish planting crops while a few cut and baled wheat to try to salvage it from expected flood waters. Rain, hail and high winds were reported in Polk and Franklin counties. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 32 percent surplus, a decline of 19 points in the surplus category from last week. The north-central and northeast districts show the largest declines in surplus amounts while the central district surplus amount increased. Spring tillage is 87 percent complete, a month behind a year ago and over 5 weeks behind normal. There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn planted is 95 percent complete for the State, over 3 weeks behind last year and nearly a month behind normal. Corn emergence is 85 percent complete, also 3 weeks behind last year and a month behind normal. The cooler, wet weather has limited crop growth. Corn is just beginning to silk in the southeast district. Last year at this time 17 percent of the corn had silked statewide and was 64 percent silked in the Bootheel. Corn condition rates 2 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Soybean planting is 66 percent complete, 19 days behind last year and 24 days behind normal. The southwest district continues to wait on wheat harvest and is 17 percent planted. State-wide emergence is at 52 percent, 17 days behind last year and 20 days behind normal. Blooming has begun in the southeast and west-central districts. Soybean condition is 2 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 53 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Rice condition was reported as 2 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 68 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 16 percent, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Two percent of the crop has set bolls, 5 days behind last year but the same as normal. Cotton condition rates 4 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 64 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is 69 percent complete, 18 days behind last year and 25 days behind normal. Sorghum condition rates 7 percent poor, 50 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, a slight improvement from a week ago. Harvest of winter wheat is 21 percent complete, 5 days behind normal and nearly a week behind last year. Progress in the Bootheel was aided by dry weather and jumped 52 points from last week to 66 percent complete. Winter wheat condition for the State is rated 4 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 35 percent good and 4 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 79 percent harvested, over 11 days behind last year and 15 days behind normal. Other hay is 42 percent cut, 16 days behind last year and over 18 days behind the 5-year average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 3 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 61 percent good and 12 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week.

Weather Summary

Missouri temperatures during the past week were mostly 2 to 5 degrees below normal throughout the state with the Bootheel again being warmer than the rest of the state. Rainfall averaged 0.96 of an inch state wide, ranging from 0.49 of an inch in the northeast district to 1.51 inches in the west-central district. The three western districts and the central district averaged well over an inch of rain while the three eastern districts received around a half inch.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 22, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.9 3.3 2.6 4.6 2.1 3.3 5.0 4.4 5.6 6.1
Last Year 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 6
Short 7 1 2 0 0 0 15 0 21 35
Adequate 60 73 42 61 44 58 67 51 74 56
Surplus 32 26 56 39 56 42 17 49 4 3
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 85 96 79 68 85 91 56 91 97 100
Last Year 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Normal 100                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 66 78 61 58 37 52 58 17 91 88
Last Year 93 97 95 98 88 97 97 24 93 93
Normal 94                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 52 63 52 39 29 47 32 6 77 76
Last Year 84 89 84 94 71 93 91 17 86 92
Normal 87                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 21 0 0 2 2 0 5 7 27 66
Last Year 43 10 7 37 16 36 50 13 52 90
Normal 48                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 79 78 39 50 90 85 94 91 98 100
Last Year 94 94 90 95 83 96 100 100 100 100
Normal 96                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 42 45 17 17 19 50 57 43 66 88
Last Year 70 62 46 63 57 80 82 68 84 91
Normal 71                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 12 4 1 0 4 0 0 0
Poor 13 9 35 22 11 10 17 14 4 4
Fair 42 46 36 44 40 57 56 51 38 22
Good 37 39 16 25 41 30 22 35 45 60
Excellent 6 5 1 5 7 3 1 0 13 14
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 8 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Poor 11 6 23 10 19 10 19 0 0 6
Fair 53 57 41 61 54 56 63 88 34 44
Good 31 32 24 27 26 31 18 12 54 44
Excellent 3 4 4 2 0 3 0 0 12 5
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 2 4 9 0 4 0 0 7
Poor 16 13 10 18 20 22 11 13 2 15
Fair 41 65 54 42 43 38 28 44 21 37
Good 35 20 34 34 24 40 55 43 52 33
Excellent 4 2 0 2 4 0 2 0 25 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 3 1 3 2 5 0 2 3 4 2
Fair 24 29 27 41 31 21 21 14 16 30
Good 61 48 34 31 51 78 62 74 77 58
Excellent 12 22 36 25 13 1 15 8 3 10
Average Precipitation 0.96 1.21 0.86 0.49 1.51 1.26 0.58 1.35 0.73 0.53