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Week Ending July 6, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Drier weather allowed producers to return to the field to complete spring planting. Reporters in the north-central and west-central districts were replanting corn and soybeans. While the rest of the State welcomed the break from the rains, the south-central, southeast, and east-central districts need rain to revive soil moisture. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 27 percent surplus. Sub-soil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, the most active week of the season.

Field Crops Report

Corn emergence is 98 percent complete, over 3 weeks behind last year and normal. Corn is 15 percent silked, over 2 weeks behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Soybean planting is 88 percent complete, almost three weeks behind last year and 21 days behind normal. Less than half of soybeans are planted in the southwest part of the State. State-wide emergence is at 75 percent, also about three weeks behind last year and normal. Three percent of the soybeans are blooming, over a week behind last year and normal. Soybean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Rice condition was reported as 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 36 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 71 percent, 8 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Seventeen percent of the crop has set bolls, 9 days behind last year but the same as normal. Cotton condition rated 8 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, down slightly from last week. Sorghum planting advanced 13 points from last week to 92 percent complete, 7 days behind last year and 18 days behind normal. Heading has begun in the north-central, northeast, east-central, and southeast districts. Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 47 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Harvest of winter wheat is 69 percent complete, 4 days behind normal and 9 days behind last year. The first cutting of alfalfa is 91 percent harvested, while second cutting is 22 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and 16 days behind the 5-year average. Other hay is 65 percent cut, over two weeks behind last year and the 5-year average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 63 percent good and 9 percent excellent. Hay supply is rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Rainfall has stock water supplies in good shape at 1 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 6 degrees below normal for the week. The State averaged 0.99 inches of rainfall for the week. The southeast district recorded the lowest average at 0.05 inches while the central district recorded the highest average at 1.52 inches, with Osage County receiving over 4 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 6, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 4.6 3.1 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.2 6.2 5.7 6.9
Last Year 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 3.7 6.5 5.6 5.4 6.3 4.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 12
Short 10 1 0 3 2 0 25 0 16 55
Adequate 62 74 57 45 66 65 63 82 73 31
Surplus 27 25 43 52 32 35 11 18 9 2
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 7
Short 7 1 1 1 2 2 19 0 18 24
Adequate 73 88 71 47 75 69 73 86 79 69
Surplus 19 11 28 52 23 29 6 14 2 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 15 3 13 1 10 18 3 15 3 53
Last Year 57 45 55 35 53 72 63 31 83 98
Normal 57                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 75 79 78 62 51 82 67 20 91 92
Last Year 93 96 97 98 86 99 98 36 97 100
Normal 97                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 69 37 31 40 77 52 59 77 91 100
Last Year 78 72 79 86 50 90 96 35 96 100
Normal 91                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 22 17 3 8 17 25 33 15 76 83
Last Year 56 43 40 53 41 69 63 72 87 91
Normal 70                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 65 69 45 39 47 71 76 64 85 99
Last Year 82 84 67 83 67 88 91 79 92 98
Normal 86                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 5 2 13 13 3 5 0 0 0 0
Poor 13 9 24 22 8 9 13 15 3 6
Fair 40 42 38 29 56 47 51 46 35 32
Good 35 41 20 28 30 36 34 35 48 46
Excellent 7 6 5 8 3 3 2 4 14 16
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 11 7 0 5 0 0 0 3
Poor 14 7 26 16 9 14 9 0 12 15
Fair 43 49 36 42 61 50 31 78 25 32
Good 34 37 24 32 27 31 60 21 51 37
Excellent 5 5 3 3 3 0 0 1 12 13
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 1 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 10 20 20 15 0 6 14 1 1 18
Adequate 83 73 68 70 92 92 81 82 99 82
Surplus 6 4 11 13 8 2 5 17 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Poor 4 1 10 8 4 0 2 2 6 9
Fair 24 26 37 31 34 20 18 8 21 22
Good 63 53 37 46 53 78 64 81 71 67
Excellent 9 20 15 14 9 2 16 9 1 2
Average Precipitation 0.99 0.95 0.85 1.20 1.10 1.52 1.15 0.50 0.94 0.05