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Week Ending July 20, 2008

Agricultural Summary

A week of little or no rain allowed farmers to return to the fields. Although producers welcomed the break from the rains, the north-central and east-central districts need rain to improve growing conditions. Late soybean planting continued in the northwest, northeast, west-central, and east-central areas. Row crops in the northeast district were showing signs of stress. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 18 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, the most active week of the season.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 52 percent silked, 16 days behind last year and normal. Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Soybean emergence is at 93 percent, two weeks behind last year and three weeks behind normal. Fifteen percent of the soybeans are blooming, 13 days behind last year and 15 days behind normal. Soybean condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Rice heading is at 16 percent complete, about the same as last year and normal. Rice condition was reported as 2 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 39 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 95 percent, the same as last year and normal. Sixty percent of the crop has set bolls, about 2 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition rated 8 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 15 percent, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Winter wheat harvest is at 96 percent complete, 9 days behind normal and the same as last year. Good progress was made in the second cutting of alfalfa harvest, advancing to 58 percent complete, but just about two weeks behind last year and the 5-year average. Other hay is 81 percent cut, 16 days behind last year and 20 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 59 percent good and 13 percent excellent. Forage production has been generally good this year, but the quality has suffered.

Weather Summary

Temperatures ranged from 2 degrees above average to 2 degrees below, with the northern part of the State generally normal to above normal and southern areas normal to below normal. Rainfall for the week averaged 0.19 inches, ranging from about 0.01 inches in the east-central and west-central districts to 0.43 inches in the northeast district.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

 

District Summaries As Of July 20, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 5.5 5.9 5.5 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.8
Last Year 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.0 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 8
Short 18 11 4 6 14 11 44 6 28 53
Adequate 73 84 82 58 82 83 55 83 69 39
Surplus 8 4 14 35 3 6 1 11 3 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 52 39 33 29 62 54 59 55 38 95
Last Year 84 81 82 76 84 92 88 69 99 100
Normal 87                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 93 99 94 88 88 94 86 69 100 97
Last Year 99 99 100 100 97 100 100 71 100 100
Normal 100                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 15 5 22 7 18 10 22 2 0 28
Last Year 46 30 49 61 26 46 59 10 51 62
Normal 49                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 96 96 81 92 99 97 97 97 97 100
Last Year 96 95 99 100 76 100 100 93 100 100
Normal 99                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 58 69 19 29 49 74 74 62 90 95
Last Year 85 85 65 85 85 87 93 96 97 98
Normal 91                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 81 86 65 62 69 85 91 82 92 100
Last Year 91 92 84 92 81 95 97 93 97 100
Normal 94                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 1 11 9 2 4 1 0 0 0
Poor 11 8 19 25 6 7 11 0 3 5
Fair 37 41 36 33 38 42 40 66 34 25
Good 40 43 25 27 45 42 44 31 50 55
Excellent 8 7 9 6 9 5 4 3 13 15
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 1 9 5 0 3 0 0 0 6
Poor 13 6 21 17 6 11 5 0 13 17
Fair 41 46 36 42 52 40 30 72 24 31
Good 36 39 26 32 37 41 61 27 51 38
Excellent 6 8 8 4 5 5 4 1 12 8
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 6 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Poor 6 2 13 7 2 4 1 1 8 9
Fair 41 52 41 43 62 42 35 64 22 29
Good 47 35 36 35 33 52 62 35 70 61
Excellent 5 11 4 15 3 1 2 0 0 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
Poor 2 1 7 7 3 1 2 0 4 24
Fair 25 30 23 31 35 20 20 13 27 36
Good 59 46 42 47 53 67 64 76 66 39
Excellent 13 23 24 14 9 12 14 11 2 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.19 0.39 0.33 0.43 0.02 0.09 0.01 0.19 0.06 0.30