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Week Ending August 17, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Dry conditions and cool nighttime temperatures are stressing pastures and crops. Rain is needed to improve crop conditions. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 4 percent very short, 24 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, a drop of 7 points in the adequate to surplus category. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop 96 percent silked, 12 days behind last year and 17 days behind normal. Sixty-three percent is in the dough stage, 14 days behind last year and 16 days behind normal. Twenty-six percent of the crop is dented, two weeks behind last year and over two weeks behind normal. A report from the northeast district commented that the crop has a poor root system and is suffering from lack of nitrogen. Overall, condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Seventy-six percent of the soybean crop is blooming, 13 days behind normal. Forty-one percent are setting pods, 13 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. Soybean condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Rice heading is 91 percent complete, 1 day ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was reported as 4 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 48 percent excellent. Due to the lack of growing degree days only two percent of cotton bolls are opening, about two weeks behind last year and over a week behind normal. Cotton condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 73 percent, over a week behind last year and normal. Twenty-one percent is turning color, 7 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Second cutting alfalfa is 95 percent harvested, 19 days behind last year and 23 days behind normal, while the third cutting is 43 percent complete, almost two weeks behind last year and 17 days behind normal. Other hay is 96 percent cut, 16 days behind last year and 22 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 54 percent good and 8 percent excellent, a drop of 4 points in the good to excellent category. Even with a decline in pasture conditions, the State is in much better condition than last year.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 4 to 7 degrees below normal throughout the State. Rainfall for the week averaged 0.35 inches. The central part of the State received the most moisture with about 0.50 inch or better.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 17, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 6.5 5.2 6.5 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.7 6.6 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 4 4 0 7 0 0 0 0 6 24
Short 24 32 13 9 28 9 28 24 36 46
Adequate 68 64 81 71 70 90 71 66 54 30
Surplus 4 0 6 13 2 1 1 10 4 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 63 62 47 41 59 77 50 62 89 99
Last Year 90 83 80 90 88 96 95 77 100 99
Normal 91                  
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 26 27 10 8 13 25 7 26 63 79
Last Year 60 53 51 44 48 78 58 33 82 90
Normal 68                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 76 74 85 69 69 81 82 32 95 90
Last Year 91 81 86 99 82 97 96 42 92 96
Normal 92                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 41 35 57 25 32 55 40 10 80 54
Last Year 69 59 60 74 58 76 80 18 48 87
Normal 72                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 73 79 88 52 64 51 80 73 82 97
Last Year 85 85 76 95 92 82 83 73 81 99
Normal 90                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 21 33 9 13 12 5 3 2 22 59
Last Year 36 27 24 30 41 20 45 25 27 60
Normal 39                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 43 32 18 17 65 59 37 47 81 96
Last Year 69 61 46 61 91 77 80 89 88 99
Normal 75                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 11 9 2 4 4 0 2 0
Poor 11 8 19 24 5 7 9 0 8 5
Fair 36 43 36 37 37 34 39 38 20 24
Good 39 39 25 25 49 45 41 61 46 47
Excellent 10 8 9 5 7 10 7 1 24 24
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 9 6 0 3 0 0 7 8
Poor 14 7 23 23 2 10 11 2 17 16
Fair 38 44 36 42 44 36 33 54 12 25
Good 35 37 25 24 45 40 50 43 36 37
Excellent 9 10 7 5 9 11 6 1 28 14
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 5 2 0 0 0 1 3 0
Poor 6 9 9 11 9 0 0 3 6 8
Fair 31 37 40 37 34 17 21 29 38 67
Good 54 48 36 42 45 71 59 63 52 21
Excellent 8 5 10 8 12 12 20 4 1 4
Average Precipitation 0.35 0.15 0.84 0.31 0.18 0.52 0.12 0.21 0.46 0.19