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Week Ending September 7, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Late planted crops and pastures benefited from the much needed rainfall last week supplied by the remnants of hurricane Gustav. However, cool temperatures and heavy rains have slowed crop progress and fieldwork. Crop conditions are very similar to a week earlier. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus, an increase of 29 points in adequate and surplus since last week. There were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-two percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, and 72 percent of the crop is dented, 15 days behind last year and 19 days behind normal. Seventeen percent is mature, over two weeks behind last year and three weeks behind normal. Harvest has begun in the southern districts as well as the west-central area. Overall, condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Ninety-five percent of the soybean crop has bloomed, 9 days behind last year and 17 days behind normal. Eighty percent are setting pods, 16 days behind last year and 17 days behind normal. Ten percent is turning color, 12 days behind last year and normal. Two percent is dropping leaves. Soybean condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Rice heading is virtually complete, while condition rates 7 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 45 percent excellent. The cotton crop has 28 percent with bolls opening, over two weeks behind last year and almost a week behind normal. Cotton condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Sorghum heading is at 96 percent, 2 days ahead of last year but 10 days behind normal. Fifty-two percent is turning color, 8 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. Ten percent is mature, over one week behind last year and normal. Sorghum harvest is underway in the Bootheel. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Third cutting alfalfa is 79 percent harvested, 13 days behind last year and 16 days behind normal. Hay harvest came to a virtual standstill, only 1 point more than last week.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition continues to be rated better than normal at 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 52 percent good and 7 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

It was a cool week throughout the State, as temperatures were 2 to 10 degrees below average in most areas. Rainfall for the week averaged 3.26 inches, ranging from 1.49 in the northwest district to 4.42 inches in the southwest district. Counties in the southwest district received between 3 and 6 inches, with Barry County reporting 6.31 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 7, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.6 4.4 2.5 2.4 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.2 4.1 4.4
Last Year 5.0 5.7 5.1 6.0 5.3 5.3 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
Short 9 24 1 3 3 1 3 4 17 28
Adequate 77 65 70 56 90 85 92 92 82 61
Surplus 13 7 29 41 7 14 5 4 1 3
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 92 90 87 86 96 95 87 100 100 100
Last Year 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Normal 100                  
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 72 82 55 46 70 75 53 55 98 100
Last Year 95 92 93 93 97 100 100 82 100 100
Normal 95                  
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 17 16 10 4 20 14 1 16 19 43
Last Year 71 45 53 57 90 91 79 68 86 100
Normal 70                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 80 88 82 72 73 82 77 46 98 90
Last Year 98 99 99 99 96 100 99 54 96 100
Normal 98                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 10 11 3 5 7 12 3 1 13 20
Last Year 36 31 28 37 24 34 35 3 30 53
Normal 33                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 52 59 39 36 55 34 25 23 73 98
Last Year 69 59 60 73 90 60 73 44 65 100
Normal 79                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 10 17 4 3 4 2 0 1 7 29
Last Year 28 11 11 27 47 14 18 21 32 95
Normal 32                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 3 10 8 2 4 0 0 1 0
Poor 13 17 19 24 6 10 6 0 7 4
Fair 33 31 36 38 43 32 41 43 14 22
Good 40 41 26 23 44 43 43 55 49 55
Excellent 10 8 9 7 5 11 10 2 29 19
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 6 12 5 1 3 0 0 0 4
Poor 15 14 20 24 6 13 9 9 2 14
Fair 36 39 35 42 45 34 34 34 46 25
Good 36 33 26 24 41 40 47 47 50 44
Excellent 8 8 7 5 7 10 10 10 2 13
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 2 5 4 2 0 0 0 1 1 1
Poor 7 13 7 9 16 1 0 9 5 9
Fair 32 36 40 34 44 15 23 30 34 63
Good 52 41 45 41 34 72 56 54 59 23
Excellent 7 5 4 14 6 12 21 6 1 4
Average Precipitation 3.26 1.49 2.87 3.98 3.84 4.02 2.86 4.42 3.86 1.57