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Week Ending September 14, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Heavy rains and winds from Hurricane Ike brought fieldwork to a standstill the latter part of the week. Some areas reported receiving up to 8 inches of rain. Reporters in the Bootheel commented wind from the hurricane damaged crops and buildings. Excessive rains once again flooded rivers and tributaries in some areas across the State. Corn in flood zones in Marion and Scotland counties were flooded above the height of the ear. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 44 percent surplus. Surplus topsoil moisture supply increased 31 points from last week. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, and 81 percent of the crop is dented, nearly three weeks behind last year and normal. Thirty percent is mature, 19 days behind last year and 23 days behind normal. Harvest is 5 percent complete, 19 days behind last year and normal. Overall, condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is virtually complete. Eighty-eight percent are setting pods, about three weeks behind last year and normal. Nineteen percent is turning color, 14 days behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Five percent is dropping leaves. About a third of the crop has turned and about a sixth is dropping leaves in the Bootheel. Soybean condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 6 percent complete, 14 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Condition rates 1 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 41 percent excellent. Cotton boll opening is at 46 percent, over two weeks behind last year and 6 days behind normal. Cotton condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is virtually complete, and 61 percent is turning color, over a week behind last year and over two weeks behind normal. Twenty-three percent is mature, about two weeks behind last year and normal. Sorghum harvest is 4 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Third cutting alfalfa is 81 percent harvested, 19 days behind last year and 21 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions continue to improve and are rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 54 percent good and 9 percent excellent. Reporters in Oregon and Nodaway counties commented pastures benefited from the much needed rainfall last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 6 degrees below average in the northern half of the State, while southern areas were near normal to 2 degrees above normal. Rainfall for the week averaged 3.97 inches, ranging from 0.09 inches in the southeast district to 6.43 inches in the north-central district, with Adair and Schuyler counties receiving more than 8 inches. Other than the southeast area, all other areas have received more than 7.50 inches over the past 4 weeks.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 14, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.9 2.4 0.4 0.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 4.5 5.3 6.2
Last Year 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.1 6.9 6.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Short 5 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 29
Adequate 50 66 17 8 52 38 65 69 91 57
Surplus 44 23 83 92 48 62 35 31 6 0
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 81 89 70 62 80 83 65 63 99 100
Last Year 98 96 98 97 99 100 100 95 100 100
Normal 98                  
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 30 20 19 8 33 32 11 30 25 77
Last Year 82 66 69 72 96 96 94 80 95 100
Normal 82                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 5 0 0 0 3 2 1 4 5 22
Last Year 40 15 25 29 49 55 52 42 63 83
Normal 33                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 88 93 86 82 83 87 96 60 99 94
Last Year 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 74 100 100
Normal 100                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 19 27 10 14 16 18 7 10 10 31
Last Year 55 60 50 59 40 55 60 6 53 67
Normal 55                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 5 3 2 2 4 1 0 1 5 16
Last Year 24 21 14 30 19 18 24 2 16 41
Normal 24                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 23 20 6 3 9 6 0 3 13 66
Last Year 38 33 20 34 54 17 41 26 46 98
Normal 47                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 4 10 9 2 4 0 0 0 0
Poor 15 14 19 27 6 15 25 0 4 9
Fair 34 39 36 38 40 29 31 43 7 24
Good 38 35 26 21 46 41 39 55 55 52
Excellent 9 8 9 5 6 11 5 2 34 15
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 7 12 5 1 4 0 0 0 5
Poor 16 12 20 25 6 18 25 2 0 16
Fair 36 44 35 44 40 30 28 58 1 24
Good 34 27 26 22 44 37 44 48 35 42
Excellent 9 10 7 4 9 11 3 2 64 13
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 4 5 3 0 1 0 1 0 1
Poor 6 15 8 10 8 1 0 5 2 11
Fair 30 35 40 34 38 7 10 30 36 54
Good 54 41 42 39 44 73 81 57 61 26
Excellent 9 5 5 14 10 18 9 7 1 8
Average Precipitation 3.97 5.38 6.43 4.7 5.38 4.91 3.04 3.88 1.28 0.09