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Week Ending September 21, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Fields were still wet from recent rains; however, dry weather and sunshine last week improved pastures. Cotton condition improved slightly, while corn, soybeans, sorghum, and rice conditions declined. Severe flooding destroyed some crops in Bates and Gasconade counties. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Surplus topsoil moisture supply decreased from last week, leaving 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Sunshine and warm weather are needed throughout Missouri as crops move toward maturity and harvest begins.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is almost completely doughed at 98 percent. Ninety percent of the crop is dented, nearly three weeks behind last year and normal. Forty-four percent is mature, over three weeks behind last year and normal. Harvest is 9 percent complete, also three weeks behind last year and normal. Overall, condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Thirty-seven percent of the soybean crop is turning color, over two weeks behind last year and normal. Thirteen percent is dropping leaves, 14 days behind last year and 12 days behind normal. Three percent is mature. Harvest is beginning in isolated areas. Soybean condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 14 percent complete, 16 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 10 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 39 percent excellent, following extreme wind conditions from Ike that caused some head shattering. Cotton boll opening is at 69 percent, nearly three weeks behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Harvest has begun. Cotton condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is 73 percent, about two weeks behind last year and 18 days behind normal. Thirty-two percent is mature, two weeks behind normal. Sorghum harvest is 8 percent complete, 12 days behind last year and normal. Sorghum condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Winter wheat seeding is just getting started. Third cutting alfalfa is 89 percent harvested, 16 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions continue to improve and are rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 54 percent good and 12 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 6 degrees below average throughout the State, although a few northwest counties were normal to 3 degrees above average. Rainfall for the week averaged 0.36 inches for the State. The largest amounts of precipitation were recorded in the southeast district, which averaged 1.65 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 21, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.9 6.2 4.4 3.6 4.6 5.0 4.2 5.9 5.2 4.7
Last Year 6.7 5.7 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15
Short 3 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 12
Adequate 70 62 52 42 82 67 85 94 95 64
Surplus 26 24 48 58 18 33 15 6 2 9
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 44 29 34 16 55 63 32 50 29 91
Last Year 90 82 85 84 98 98 98 90 98 100
Normal 90                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 9 3 2 1 5 4 3 15 10 41
Last Year 54 23 48 44 64 78 75 59 76 93
Normal 47                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 37 41 31 35 39 35 22 22 23 43
Last Year 76 83 72 84 59 77 84 11 69 80
Normal 74                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 13 9 12 9 11 7 2 10 6 27
Last Year 45 45 41 58 30 40 48 6 27 52
Normal 43                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 73 71 82 53 88 58 49 63 85 100
Last Year 87 78 93 93 100 83 89 76 86 100
Normal 93                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 32 31 16 7 23 9 3 17 17 81
Last Year 53 56 38 51 69 33 55 38 61 100
Normal 62                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 1 11 6 1 5 1 0 1 0
Poor 16 15 16 25 5 18 22 1 6 15
Fair 35 41 33 42 39 27 41 33 15 27
Good 36 38 24 23 49 38 33 63 48 41
Excellent 9 5 16 4 6 12 3 3 30 17
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 13 2 2 4 1 0 3 7
Poor 17 11 22 4 4 20 19 8 7 19
Fair 36 41 33 37 37 31 40 57 23 27
Good 32 34 22 47 47 34 39 27 20 35
Excellent 9 9 10 10 10 11 1 8 47 12
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 3 0 2 1 0 0 2 3
Poor 9 1 11 3 2 8 2 11 10 17
Fair 41 57 37 43 51 41 48 80 18 35
Good 41 40 46 40 40 44 47 8 70 37
Excellent 7 2 3 14 5 6 3 1 0 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 3 3 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 5 14 7 9 6 2 0 2 2 21
Fair 28 25 25 38 36 15 19 33 42 32
Good 54 52 38 42 46 68 68 56 54 23
Excellent 12 6 27 9 12 15 13 8 2 24
Average Precipitation 0.36 0.01 0.01 0.26 0.00 0.38 0.55 0.01 0.61 1.65