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Week Ending September 28, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Sunny, warm, and drier weather was welcomed across Missouri, as producers enjoyed 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. A few producers in the northeast district tried harvesting corn and soybeans, but moisture levels were too high. Reporters in the south-central district indicate the need for rain to replenish soil moisture. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 2 percent very short, 11 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. Surplus topsoil moisture supply decreased 14 points from last week.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop is dented, three weeks behind normal. Fifty-eight percent is mature, while harvest is 17 percent complete, all three weeks behind last year and normal. Overall, condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Sixty percent of the soybean crop is turning color, almost two weeks behind normal. Twenty-eight percent is dropping leaves, and nine percent is mature, 11 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Harvest is 2 percent complete, compared with 12 percent last year and 10 percent as the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 29 percent complete, three weeks behind last year and over a week behind normal. Condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 10 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 39 percent excellent. Cotton boll opening is at 84 percent, nearly three weeks behind last year, but on par with normal. Harvest is 6 percent complete, over three weeks behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Cotton condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is 84 percent, with 51 percent mature, 12 days last year and 17 days behind normal. Sorghum harvest is 16 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Winter wheat is 3 percent planted and has begun to emerge. Third cutting alfalfa is 96 percent harvested, 8 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions continue to be well ahead of normal and are rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 56 percent good and 9 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 8 degrees above normal during the week. Rainfall for the week averaged 0.17 inches for the State. The northwest received the most at 0.76 inches while the southern third of the State received no rainfall.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 28, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.4 5.5 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.3 7.0 6.7 6.8
Last Year 5.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.0 4.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 19
Short 11 14 3 4 3 6 10 9 39 15
Adequate 75 79 78 64 88 73 87 85 59 66
Surplus 12 7 19 31 9 21 3 6 2 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 58 37 47 28 77 79 39 76 58 96
Last Year 96 92 94 93 99 100 99 98 100 100
Normal 96                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 17 4 4 2 10 15 9 28 25 66
Last Year 66 32 61 58 79 89 90 71 83 96
Normal 60                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 28 37 19 25 23 27 21 11 25 38
Last Year 63 63 65 81 45 62 75 8 43 65
Normal 64                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 1 6
Last Year 12 7 11 13 5 16 21 0 8 21
Normal 10                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 16 12 1 0 7 0 0 23 4 51
Last Year 30 25 15 25 26 14 34 15 47 93
Normal 39                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 3 4 0 1 3 2 6 5 8 3
Last Year 8 10 7 14 10 11 11 7 23 4
Normal 8                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 5 2 15 9 2 4 4 0 1 0
Poor 16 15 22 25 5 19 15 0 8 15
Fair 36 46 41 38 35 34 32 11 16 26
Good 36 34 17 23 52 34 43 88 47 42
Excellent 7 3 5 5 6 9 6 1 28 17
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 6 15 5 2 3 0 0 1 8
Poor 18 12 28 23 7 21 15 2 11 20
Fair 35 44 34 46 35 31 33 17 24 24
Good 33 31 19 23 44 34 47 79 21 36
Excellent 8 7 4 3 12 11 5 2 43 12
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 4 2 1 1 3 0 0 3
Poor 9 0 13 6 1 8 2 4 6 17
Fair 38 60 36 42 44 40 39 25 18 35
Good 44 39 43 38 49 44 52 71 76 37
Excellent 7 1 4 12 5 7 4 0 0 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 6 3 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 6 14 10 10 3 2 0 2 12 21
Fair 28 35 26 33 30 16 17 32 38 32
Good 56 44 50 47 49 73 67 59 48 27
Excellent 9 1 11 8 18 9 16 6 2 20
Average Precipitation 0.17 0.76 0.38 0.00 0.10 0.08 0.02 0.00 0.04 0.00