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Week Ending October 5, 2008

Agricultural Summary

Another week of little or no rain gave farmers 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Soybean harvest has begun in most areas across the State. Reporters in the northeast district continued to comment that moisture levels are high, although dry conditions persist in the south-central district. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 2 percent very short, 18 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Last year we were at 38 percent adequate to surplus compared to 88 percent this year. Fall tillage is 9 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is almost completely dented at 98 percent. Seventy-nine percent is mature, over three weeks behind last year and normal. Harvest is 30 percent complete, over three weeks behind last year and normal, and still lags in the northeast due to late plantings. Overall, condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop is turning color, 13 days behind last year and 12 days behind normal. Forty-eight percent is dropping leaves, and twenty-five percent is mature, a week to a week and a half behind last year and normal. The crop still requires two weeks without a hard freeze to avoid frost damage. Harvest is 9 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and 7 days behind normal. Soybean condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 59 percent complete, 14 days behind last year and a week behind normal. Cotton boll opening is at 92 percent, three weeks behind last year, but slightly ahead of normal. Harvest is 21 percent complete, 19 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Cotton condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is 92 percent, with 57 percent mature, 13 days last year and 17 days behind normal. Sorghum harvest is 28 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Sorghum condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Winter wheat is 7 percent planted, 10 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Emergence is at 2 percent, 6 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 55 percent good and 9 percent excellent. Hay supply is estimated as 4 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus, 37 percentage points better than last year at this time in the adequate to surplus categories. Stock water supply is rated 2 percent short, 90 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus, 28 points better than last year in adequate and surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures during the past week ranged from near normal to 5 degrees below normal over most of the State. Rainfall for the week averaged 0.20 inches for the State. All districts received about one-half inch or less.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 5, 2008
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.7 6.9 6.4 6.1 7.0 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.0 6.8
Last Year 5.8 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.6 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 16
Short 18 16 5 5 17 8 32 23 40 31
Adequate 74 80 83 82 75 84 68 73 55 53
Surplus 6 3 12 12 6 8 0 4 2 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2
Short 11 11 7 2 17 4 14 15 31 14
Adequate 83 87 75 77 83 96 79 85 66 84
Surplus 5 2 18 21 0 0 7 0 0 0
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 30 12 24 4 22 35 22 47 38 79
Last Year 78 50 74 67 89 93 95 81 94 98
Normal 73                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 48 68 42 42 41 46 35 13 37 50
Last Year 77 79 82 91 60 78 90 19 66 76
Normal 81                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 9 8 11 6 4 11 3 0 2 13
Last Year 26 15 29 30 16 28 41 2 22 32
Normal 23                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7 13 5 3 7 6 11 10 12 6
Last Year 16 16 18 25 17 18 21 13 34 11
Normal 17                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 4 6 8 2 4 7 0 0 0
Poor 15 15 11 25 5 18 14 0 5 11
Fair 35 43 38 37 36 33 22 51 17 23
Good 37 34 32 25 48 34 48 48 49 49
Excellent 9 4 13 5 9 11 9 1 29 17
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 7 4 5 2 4 4 0 0 6
Poor 15 13 15 23 5 18 16 2 10 17
Fair 36 44 35 45 40 33 31 54 23 23
Good 35 28 37 23 44 35 42 42 21 40
Excellent 9 8 9 4 9 10 7 2 46 14
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 4 18 3 7 0 2 2 1 3 5
Adequate 84 78 77 72 85 82 92 88 93 94
Surplus 12 4 19 21 15 16 6 11 4 1
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 8 3
Adequate 90 98 81 80 97 87 89 97 89 97
Surplus 8 1 17 20 0 11 10 2 3 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 6 8 7 10 3 2 0 7 11 11
Fair 29 38 28 39 30 14 18 37 34 58
Good 55 50 56 37 54 67 66 49 53 27
Excellent 9 4 7 12 13 17 16 6 2 4
Average Precipitation 0.20 0.16 0.23 0.49 0.01 0.13 0.30 0.11 0.23 0.13