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Week Ending April 12, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Cold weather and wet conditions continue to delay fieldwork and spring planting. Early last week the State had freezing temperatures ranging from 22 degrees to 27 degrees over the entire state except for the southeast where temperatures ranged from 31 degrees to 35 degrees. No damage was reported as of yet. Topsoil moisture is 1 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 45 percent surplus. Over the pervious two weeks, the surplus topsoil moisture increased 17 points with most of the increase in the northern two-thirds of the State. Spring tillage is 31 percent complete, compared to the 45 percent as normal. This is a week and a half behind normal, but well ahead of last year. There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork with the southern third of the State garnering over 3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is at 5 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 2 percent planted, but well behind the normal pace of 24 percent. All districts showed progress. The southwest and southeast districts increased corn planting by 9 and 10 points. Producers are anxious for soil temperatures to improve. Rice planting is at 7 percent complete, compared to the normal of 9 percent. Wheat condition is rated at 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Some yellowing of wheat was noticed in the southeast district due wet conditions.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 49 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Cold, cloudy conditions are holding back pasture growth. Producers are still feeding hay in some areas as they await pasture growth.

Weather Summary

Average temperatures were 5 to 9 degrees below average across the State with the exception of the southeast district that was 3 to 6 degrees below average. Rainfall averaged 1.04 inches with a range of 0.73 inches in the northwest district to 1.36 inches in the northeast district. Chariton, Randolph, and Monroe reported over 2 inches of precipitation, while Atchison, De Kalb, Gentry, Schuyler, Barton each received less than one quarter inch of precipitation.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of April 12, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.2 1.9 1.0 1.4 1.1 2.5 2.2 3.9 3.3 3.3
Last Year 0.8 1.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.3 0.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Short 1 0 0 0 0 4 6 0 3 0
Adequate 54 71 24 27 30 54 53 81 96 62
Surplus 45 29 76 73 70 42 41 19 0 38
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 31 39 22 5 42 25 32 49 39 36
Last Year 16 12 30 13 28 12 5 22 14 15
Normal 45                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 5 2 1 1 3 2 3 18 8 21
Last Year 2 2 3 1 3 1 0 5 0 2
Normal 24                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 7 3 20 7 1 3 19 1 6 2
Fair 41 49 29 44 43 55 46 21 47 28
Good 44 44 44 45 48 38 30 76 27 56
Excellent 7 3 5 3 8 4 5 2 20 14
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 9 15 7 15 6 5 23 7 9 0
Fair 49 49 67 56 43 49 44 38 50 5
Good 39 34 22 22 45 46 33 51 40 86
Excellent 2 2 1 6 6 0 0 4 1 9
Average Precipitation 1.04 0.73 1.30 1.36 0.94 0.88 1.33 0.83 1.09 0.97