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Week Ending May 24, 2009

Agricultural Summary

A break in rainfall of several days over most of the State allowed significant headway to be made in spring planting, replanting of corn, and harvesting of hay, narrowing the gap behind normal progress. Farmers worked around wet spots and avoided most bottom-land trying not to get stuck or rut their fields. Topsoil moisture is 1 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 31 percent surplus. Spring tillage is 76 percent complete, 13 days behind the normal of 88 percent. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork with the northwest district reporting over 6 days suitable while the south-central district reported just over 4 days. A year ago there were 4.1 days available for fieldwork. Fieldwork for corn, soybeans and hay is ahead of last year while sorghum is about even. Cotton and rice lag a year earlier.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 81 percent complete, a 27 point increase from last week. Planting is 9 days behind the normal pace of 91 percent complete. The northeast and west-central districts increased corn plantings over 40 points from the previous week. More weather delays may cause farmers to stop planting corn and switch to soybeans. Corn emergence is at 52 percent, a 17 point increase from last week but still 17 days behind normal. Soybean planting is 28 percent complete, 9 days behind the normal pace of 51 percent. Seven percent of the crop has emerged, similar to last year at this time but 10 days behind a normal of 28 percent. Cotton planting is at 79 percent, a 50 point increase over last week but a week behind the normal progress of 93 percent. Rice planting is also 79 percent complete, 15 days behind a normal of 98 percent. Rice emerged is at 52 percent, 2 weeks behind the normal pace of 88 percent. Rice condition is rated 1 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Rice in good to excellent condition is 71 percent compared to 84 percent last year at this time. Sorghum planting is at 28 percent, 12 days behind a normal of 56 percent. Wheat heading is at 85 percent, 5 days behind the normal of 92 percent. Heading is practically complete in the southeast and south-central districts. Twenty-one percent of the wheat crop has turned color comparable with a normal of 19 percent. Condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 28 percent complete, 6 days behind the normal of 44 percent. Other hay is 13 percent cut, 5 days behind the normal of 20 percent. Many farmers took advantage of the open weather to plant crops rather than cut hay. Some fescue hay fields are beginning to head out with fairly short stems and lower nutritional quality.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 2 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 15 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier.

Weather Summary

Temperatures ranged from 1 to 6 degrees above average across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.16 of an inch statewide with a range of no precipitation in the west-central district to 0.39 of an inch in the south-central district. The northern third of the State reported 0.01 to 0.02 of an inch. Phelps County reported receiving over 2 inches of rain during the week

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 24, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.4 6.3 4.9 5.2 5.7 5.1 5.7 4.9 4.3 5.2
Last Year 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.2 5.0 5.0 6.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
Adequate 68 75 81 54 78 56 69 82 86 42
Surplus 31 24 18 46 21 44 30 17 13 58
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 76 90 71 56 76 79 71 80 81 81
Last Year 64 64 58 50 65 54 58 69 85 83
Normal 88                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 81 94 76 61 75 86 61 88 86 98
Last Year 70 71 68 42 73 69 49 83 70 99
Normal 91                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 52 66 39 25 36 60 31 66 69 86
Last Year 39 28 30 11 44 43 27 51 35 90
Normal 78                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 28 54 30 17 11 25 21 7 10 29
Last Year 22 24 10 13 14 13 8 2 22 51
Normal 51                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 7 13 6 2 5 4 4 0 5 10
Last Year 7 3 1 2 1 6 1 0 7 24
Normal 28                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 28 68 11 9 12 10 9 7 55 74
Last Year 27 11 5 4 17 4 2 4 21 83
Normal 56                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 85 80 64 66 89 68 92 92 99 100
Last Year 77 39 36 60 84 73 70 82 81 97
Normal 92                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 28 17 11 19 34 48 41 39 20 33
Last Year 25 18 4 14 32 37 22 41 38 86
Normal 44                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 13 6 5 2 9 21 18 15 16 19
Last Year 9 4 1 2 6 13 8 17 11 31
Normal 20                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 1 2 3 2 1 0 2 0 0 0
Poor 8 14 7 12 5 6 9 4 1 10
Fair 34 50 44 37 37 32 29 19 6 34
Good 49 32 38 44 54 43 55 76 22 47
Excellent 8 2 8 5 3 19 5 1 71 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 2 1 4 6 3 1 2 1 0 0
Fair 30 39 44 37 41 28 24 7 23 0
Good 53 49 43 46 44 50 65 68 64 69
Excellent 15 11 8 10 12 21 9 24 13 31
Average Precipitation 0.16 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.15 0.23 0.28 0.39 0.22