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Week Ending May 31, 2009

Agricultural Summary

After a week of significant headway, producers made good progress as they worked between the rains. Topsoil moisture is 75 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is 86 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus with the northeast district reporting 36 percent surplus. Spring tillage is 85 percent complete, 10 days behind the normal of 92 percent. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork with the southwest district reporting over 5 days suitable. Fieldwork for corn, soybeans, sorghum and hay is behind normal, but ahead of last year. Cotton and rice are behind last year’s and the normal pace.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 90 percent complete with the northwest district and southern third of the State nearly completed. Planting is 8 days behind the normal pace of 95 percent complete. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to last year at this time. Corn emergence is at 73 percent, a 21 point increase from last week but still 11 days behind normal. Soybean planting is 43 percent complete, 10 days behind the normal pace of 65 percent. Emergence is 22 percent, a 15 point increase from last week but 9 days behind a normal of 45 percent. Cotton planting is at 92 percent, 8 days behind the normal progress of 99 percent. Rice planting is 93 percent complete, about 13 days behind the normal completion of planting. Rice emerged is at 79 percent, a 28 point increase from last week, 12 days behind the normal pace of 96 percent. Rice condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is at 43 percent, 12 days behind a normal of 69 percent. Wheat heading is at 95 percent, 3 days behind the normal of 97 percent. Heading is complete in the southeast and south-central districts. Thirty-nine percent of the wheat crop has turned color behind the normal of 46 percent. Condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 48 percent complete, 6 days behind the normal of 61 percent. The southeast district increased the first cutting of alfalfa by 59 points. Other hay is 24 percent cut, 5 days behind the normal of 32 percent.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 2 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 15 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Stock water supplies are 88 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures ranged from near normal to 2 degrees above average across the State. Rainfall averaged 1.36 inches statewide with a range 0.77 inches in the southwest district to 1.89 inches in the southeast district. Pemiscot county reported 4.72 inches of rain last week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 31, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.6 3.3 3.1 1.6 5.5 4.4 2.7
Last Year 3.2 2.9 2.6 2.5 1.8 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.5 4.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Adequate 75 81 81 51 81 69 73 100 95 61
Surplus 25 19 19 49 19 31 27 0 3 39
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Adequate 86 79 90 64 83 90 91 100 98 88
Surplus 14 20 9 36 17 10 9 0 0 12
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 90 98 90 76 88 93 74 95 95 99
Last Year 81 84 83 58 81 85 66 92 85 100
Normal 95                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 73 84 74 43 70 76 43 82 78 97
Last Year 61 54 55 30 70 65 44 69 50 99
Normal 88                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 43 66 54 26 28 49 28 18 22 41
Last Year 34 35 26 22 24 34 16 7 31 64
Normal 65                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 22 39 23 10 14 23 10 3 16 25
Last Year 17 11 13 6 13 14 7 1 17 42
Normal 45                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 39 3 1 2 17 12 26 14 59 84
Last Year 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 46                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 1 2 1 0 2 0 0 2
Poor 10 12 10 11 5 3 15 18 13 11
Fair 40 50 40 42 34 31 38 51 6 44
Good 40 35 40 39 49 48 44 29 20 36
Excellent 8 1 9 6 11 18 1 2 61 7
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 2 2 4 0 0 2 3 0 0
Adequate 92 92 92 83 88 98 93 83 98 98
Surplus 7 6 5 13 12 2 5 14 2 2
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 88 94 69 85 91 88 74 100 98 100
Surplus 12 6 30 15 9 12 26 0 2 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 2 1 5 7 3 1 1 2 0 0
Fair 28 35 39 42 33 22 28 9 21 2
Good 55 50 45 37 49 49 54 78 72 80
Excellent 15 14 11 13 15 28 17 11 7 18
Average Precipitation 1.36 1.28 0.92 1.49 1.43 1.58 1.75 0.77 1.18 1.89