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Week Ending July 5, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Another week of dry weather gave farmers the chance to nearly wrap up soybean and sorghum plantings. Producers made significant headway harvesting wheat while also keeping busy with hay harvest. Most areas maintain adequate moisture for crop growth, although dryness is starting to creep into the southern part of the state, where the south-central and southeast districts are 55 and 57 percent short to very short of topsoil moisture. After last week’s very hot temperatures, light stress to a few non-irrigated fields has been noted in the southeast. Statewide, topsoil moisture is rated 1 percent very short, 14 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is rated 10 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is 30 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year but 6 days behind normal. Corn condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, little change from last week. Soybean planting is 97 percent complete, on pace with the 5-year average. Scattered reports from the north-central and east-central districts indicate some chronically wet fields may go unplanted. Emergence is 88 percent, over 1 week ahead of last year but 6 days behind the 93 percent normal. Soybean blooming is at 6 percent. Soybean condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, nearly identical to last week. Cotton squaring advanced 37 points from last week to 54 percent complete, about 1 week behind normal. Cotton condition is 16 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Sorghum heading has begun in all but the northwest and northeast districts. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Wheat harvest is 84 percent complete, only slightly behind average. Highly variable yields have been reported. The second cutting of alfalfa is 37 percent complete, while other hay is 72 percent cut, both about 1 week behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, a drop of 6 points from last week in good to excellent. Some browning of pastures was reported in the south-central district, where the good to excellent rating dropped 43 points. Stockwater supplies are adequate to surplus nearly statewide.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 2 degrees below normal in the southeast and 2 to 5 degrees below normal across the rest of the State. Rainfall averaged 1.00 inches for the week. The east-central district recorded the most precipitation with 1.78 inches. Isolated areas of central Missouri reported upwards of 3 to 4 inches the morning of July 4. The driest districts were the south-central at 0.14 inches and southeast at 0.37.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 5, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.4 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.9 6.2 6.3
Last Year 4.8 4.6 3.1 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.2 6.2 5.7 6.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6
Short 14 7 3 2 10 1 7 20 55 51
Adequate 68 77 80 63 75 74 60 76 41 43
Surplus 17 16 17 35 15 25 32 4 4 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Short 10 2 1 1 1 1 8 18 46 32
Adequate 79 89 90 72 83 82 82 81 48 68
Surplus 11 9 9 27 16 17 9 1 6 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 30 24 34 3 19 30 30 42 34 78
Last Year 13 3 11 1 9 16 3 13 3 47
Normal 49                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 88 97 90 79 83 92 73 78 88 88
Last Year 73 78 76 60 49 79 64 20 90 91
Normal 93                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 6 4 3 5 7 12 9 0 10 7
Last Year 3 1 3 1 7 0 4 0 0 8
Normal 15                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 84 79 61 74 77 77 72 90 86 99
Last Year 65 32 27 35 69 46 53 71 88 98
Normal 85                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 37 29 10 15 38 52 53 54 67 73
Last Year 20 15 3 7 15 21 28 13 65 71
Normal 57                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 72 70 50 36 70 77 81 83 88 91
Last Year 63 66 42 37 44 69 74 63 84 98
Normal 80                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 7 2 1 4 9 0 2 1
Poor 8 8 10 12 4 4 21 1 8 8
Fair 35 35 41 48 20 33 22 53 9 27
Good 44 42 37 31 57 54 44 40 44 53
Excellent 10 14 5 7 18 5 4 6 37 11
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 4 1 1 3 5 0 5 3
Poor 8 7 6 13 6 5 13 0 8 9
Fair 36 35 36 40 27 29 41 33 14 42
Good 46 44 46 41 55 53 37 65 37 41
Excellent 8 12 8 5 11 10 4 2 36 5
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 4 2 1 7 3 1 2 3 12 3
Fair 29 29 22 30 39 18 28 19 49 37
Good 57 53 60 47 47 72 62 74 33 54
Excellent 10 16 17 14 11 9 8 3 6 6
Average Precipitation 1.00 1.04 1.25 1.19 0.97 1.32 1.78 0.76 0.14 0.37