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Week Ending July 19, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Cooler temperatures and rainfall continue to benefit pastures across the State and non-irrigated crops in the southeast district. Crop conditions are lower across the eastern third of the State. Statewide, topsoil moisture is rated 1 percent very short, 14 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. The southern third of the State showed an increase in adequate to surplus topsoil moisture from last week. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is 63 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year but 9 days behind a normal of 80 percent. Eight percent of the corn is in dough stage. Corn condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is at 28 percent, 8 days ahead of last year but a week behind a normal of 42 percent. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Cotton squaring reached 85 percent complete, 8 days behind normal and 7 days behind last year. Bolls have set on 29 percent of this year’s crop, 9 days behind a year ago and 8 days behind normal. Cotton condition is 15 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Rice heading has begun. Rice condition is rated 7 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is 16 percent, about the same as a year ago but 7 days behind a normal of 30 percent. Sorghum is beginning to turn color in the south-central district. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. The second cutting of alfalfa is 78 percent complete, 3 days behind normal. Other hay is 85 percent cut, 8 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, slightly better than last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 4 to 8 degrees below normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 1.00 inch for the week. The southwest district recorded the most precipitation with 1.43 inches while the driest districts were the northeast and north-central at 0.64 and 0.66 of an inch respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 19, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.1 5.2 5.7 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.5 5.9 5.3 5.8
Last Year 6.3 5.5 5.9 5.5 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 3
Short 14 9 14 2 9 2 6 20 30 49
Adequate 76 84 77 79 84 79 84 79 65 48
Surplus 9 7 9 19 7 19 9 1 4 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 63 72 62 35 53 61 45 58 66 94
Last Year 50 37 32 26 59 51 57 53 36 93
Normal 80                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 28 30 25 23 24 30 25 3 19 39
Last Year 14 5 21 6 18 9 20 2 0 26
Normal 42                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 16 17 25 2 11 16 8 36 31 18
Last Year 14 0 26 5 5 1 7 1 0 31
Normal 30                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 78 73 41 66 86 86 93 97 99 97
Last Year 55 63 18 27 46 71 69 59 88 94
Normal 82                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 85 88 65 74 78 89 91 94 94 99
Last Year 80 85 64 61 67 84 90 81 92 100
Normal 90                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 7 2 0 4 5 0 2 2
Poor 8 6 10 11 4 8 16 0 7 12
Fair 31 27 39 46 18 25 35 41 10 25
Good 45 46 35 34 55 55 41 49 39 49
Excellent 13 20 9 7 23 8 3 10 42 12
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 4 3 1 3 4 0 11 6
Poor 8 7 5 11 5 5 13 1 11 12
Fair 33 30 31 37 22 33 38 9 5 41
Good 46 48 50 43 55 45 41 89 37 34
Excellent 10 13 10 6 17 14 4 1 36 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 4 0
Poor 5 1 6 11 2 1 0 2 9 8
Fair 38 54 41 45 20 43 78 8 14 32
Good 50 44 42 37 66 54 21 89 34 49
Excellent 6 1 5 7 12 2 1 1 39 11
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Poor 4 4 2 5 1 1 1 4 14 5
Fair 28 31 32 34 30 19 29 16 36 48
Good 57 54 53 48 47 68 60 76 44 44
Excellent 11 11 13 12 22 12 10 3 6 3
Average Precipitation 1.00 0.89 0.66 0.64 0.97 1.05 1.05 1.43 1.28 0.81