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Week Ending July 26, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Cool temperatures and timely rainfall are improving field crop conditions across the State. Statewide, topsoil moisture is rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. The topsoil moisture rating in the southeast district improved from 52 percent very short to short last week compared to 7 percent this week. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is 78 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year but 8 days behind a normal of 89 percent. Twenty-three percent of the corn is in dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year but 8 days behind normal. Corn condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is at 43 percent, 6 days ahead of last year but a week behind a normal of 56 percent. Nine percent are setting pods, 2 days ahead of last year and 9 days behind normal. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Cotton squaring reached 94 percent complete, 9 days behind normal and 7 days behind last year. Bolls have set on 50 percent of this year’s crop, 9 days behind a year ago and normal. Cotton condition is 13 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Cotton good to excellent condition improved 8 points from last week. Rice heading is 2 percent complete, 23 days behind normal and 12 days behind last year. Rice condition is rated 7 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is 27 percent, about the same as a year ago but 8 days behind a normal of 48 percent. Sorghum turning color is 4 percent complete, near normal but a week ahead of last year. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. The second cutting of alfalfa is 84 percent complete, 6 days behind normal. Other hay is 90 percent cut, 6 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 5 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, slightly worse than last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 7 to 8 degrees below normal in the southern third of the State and 4 to 7 degrees below average across the rest of the State. Rainfall averaged 1.07 inch for the week. The southeast and southwest districts recorded the most precipitation with 2.52 inches and 2.22 inches respectively, while the driest districts were the east-central and northwest at 0.40 and 0.49 of an inch respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 26, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.0 5.6 4.0
Last Year 4.6 5.2 2.4 1.6 6.0 4.0 4.1 6.4 6.3 5.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 0
Short 12 14 23 4 9 5 15 16 20 7
Adequate 81 77 71 81 91 82 84 81 78 90
Surplus 6 8 5 15 0 13 0 3 0 3
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 78 83 79 55 64 77 56 76 80 99
Last Year 73 69 59 49 78 77 85 70 56 99
Normal 89                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 43 47 47 37 29 49 33 9 30 53
Last Year 26 11 36 18 26 31 36 3 22 40
Normal 56                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 27 27 30 8 22 33 29 37 35 34
Last Year 30 6 38 7 11 13 34 4 14 61
Normal 48                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 84 82 55 81 94 94 96 100 100 100
Last Year 67 73 29 37 76 85 87 76 91 98
Normal 89                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 90 90 78 81 85 91 94 96 96 100
Last Year 84 89 69 66 79 89 93 85 94 100
Normal 93                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 7 1 1 4 3 0 3 2
Poor 9 7 11 9 6 7 14 0 8 12
Fair 29 27 28 48 27 24 30 29 7 25
Good 45 46 36 34 53 51 44 64 40 49
Excellent 14 18 18 8 13 14 9 7 42 12
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 5 1 1 3 5 0 16 4
Poor 7 7 6 9 8 3 12 1 8 8
Fair 32 29 29 37 29 36 36 8 3 40
Good 47 48 46 46 53 48 38 88 31 40
Excellent 11 14 14 7 9 10 9 3 42 8
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 9 0
Poor 4 1 6 6 3 0 1 1 9 5
Fair 37 51 41 44 19 42 86 9 9 30
Good 48 47 40 42 68 56 12 74 34 49
Excellent 10 1 7 8 10 2 1 16 39 16
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 5 3 4 6 2 2 2 2 16 5
Fair 29 25 34 35 42 19 38 20 33 44
Good 57 63 52 48 45 66 52 76 47 46
Excellent 9 9 10 10 11 13 8 2 4 5
Average Precipitation 1.07 0.49 0.56 1.10 1.19 0.93 0.40 2.22 1.15 2.52