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Week Ending September 6, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Cool weather continued across the State. Statewide, topsoil moisture is rated 12 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is rated 9 percent short, 87 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-four percent of the corn is in the dough stage, 6 days ahead of last year but 9 days behind normal. Corn dent is 76 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year but 11 days behind the normal of 90 percent. Twenty-two percent of the corn is mature, 4 days ahead of last year but 17 days behind a normal of 58 percent. Corn harvested is 2 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year but 15 days behind normal. Corn condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is at 97 percent, 8 days ahead of last year but 10 days behind a normal of 99 percent. Eighty-six percent are setting pods, 7 days ahead of last year but 9 days behind normal. Soybeans turning color is 9 percent, the same as last year but 9 days behind the normal of 28 percent. Three percent of soybeans are dropping leaves. Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS) and insect damage were reported in soybeans in the northeast and central districts. Soybean condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Cotton has completed setting bolls. Cotton opening bolls is at 10 percent, 10 days behind last year and 17 days behind normal. Cotton condition is 14 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Rice heading is 83 percent complete, 22 days behind last year and 23 days behind the normal of 100 percent. Rice harvested is 10 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 1 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 26 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is 92 percent, 2 days behind last year and 13 days behind a normal of 98 percent. Sorghum turning color is 51 percent complete, the same as last year but 13 days behind normal. Sorghum mature is at 13 percent, 3 days ahead of last year but 8 days behind normal. The sorghum harvest has begun in the southeast district. Sorghum condition is rated 4 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 86 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 3 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Hay supply is 1 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Stock water supplies are 1 percent short, 95 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 5 to 8 degrees below average across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.69 of an inch for the week. The south-central district recorded the most precipitation with 1.15 inches, while the northern third of the State reported less than 0.25 of an inch. Jefferson county reported 3.75 inches last week. Mississippi and Scott counties reported 0.34 and 0.56 of an inch of rain over the last 4 weeks, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 6, 2009

  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.7 4.8 5.3 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.5
Last Year 3.6 4.4 2.5 2.4 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.2 4.1 4.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
Short 12 5 1 3 12 8 17 11 24 39
Adequate 84 91 92 85 86 90 80 88 76 60
Surplus 4 3 7 12 2 2 2 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Short 9 3 1 3 7 5 16 7 22 29
Adequate 87 95 79 88 93 93 83 93 78 71
Surplus 4 2 20 9 0 2 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 22 13 30 9 18 17 12 43 28 61
Last Year 16 14 9 4 18 13 1 15 17 43
Normal 58                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 86 96 92 76 88 83 73 87 94 90
Last Year 78 86 81 70 71 81 76 44 98 90
Normal 95                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 13 1 6 1 11 6 2 12 27 29
Last Year 9 15 3 3 4 2 0 1 6 27
Normal 28                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 86 95 62 70 89 91 98 100 99 98
Last Year 79 75 45 59 98 90 90 84 97 99
Normal 88                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 7 1 0 5 2 0 0 1
Poor 6 5 12 7 4 7 7 0 1 5
Fair 28 25 23 46 18 26 36 12 7 21
Good 48 53 35 37 57 53 46 74 31 50
Excellent 16 16 23 9 21 9 9 14 61 23
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 5 1 0 4 3 0 0 4
Poor 7 6 8 7 3 4 7 0 0 11
Fair 28 28 28 35 19 27 34 5 0 32
Good 48 49 40 43 57 57 45 91 42 41
Excellent 15 16 19 14 21 8 11 4 58 12
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 4 1 12 8 1 2 0 0 0 6
Fair 33 52 32 35 18 32 55 4 14 38
Good 57 44 40 54 67 64 39 94 22 46
Excellent 6 3 10 3 14 2 6 2 64 10
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 2 1
Adequate 73 92 73 79 64 68 68 88 71 27
Surplus 26 7 22 21 35 32 32 12 27 72
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 1 2 0 1 0 4 0 2 4
Adequate 95 95 81 91 99 96 93 100 98 96
Surplus 4 4 17 9 0 4 3 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Poor 3 2 3 4 1 0 2 4 10 3
Fair 30 21 26 34 22 25 37 23 43 71
Good 58 67 60 51 64 61 52 73 47 22
Excellent 9 10 11 10 13 14 9 0 0 3
Average Precipitation 0.69 0.24 0.19 0.21 1.08 0.86 0.94 0.93 1.15 0.40