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Week Ending September 13, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Seasonable weather returned across the State. Statewide, topsoil moisture is rated 1 percent very short, 18 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Some non-irrigated soybeans fields are showing stress from the dry weather in the southeast district, where 59 percent of the topsoil moisture is rated short to very short. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-six percent of the corn is in the dough stage or beyond, 3 days ahead of last year but 12 days behind normal. Corn dent is 85 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year but 11 days behind the normal of 94 percent. Thirty-four percent of the corn is mature, 3 days ahead of last year but 18 days behind a normal of 70 percent. Corn harvested is 7 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year but 15 days behind normal of 27 percent. Harvest is 35 percent complete in the southeast district compared to 19 percent last year. Corn condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Ninety-four percent of soybeans are setting pods, 8 days ahead of last year but 8 days behind normal. Soybeans turning color is 25 percent, 3 days ahead of last year but 8 days behind the normal of 47 percent. Eight percent of soybeans are dropping leaves, 4 days ahead of last year but 7 days behind normal. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Cotton opening bolls is at 18 percent, 12 days behind last year and 18 days behind normal. Cotton condition is 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Rice heading is 90 percent complete. Rice harvested is 15 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year but same as normal. Rice condition is rated 3 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 28 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is 96 percent. Sorghum turning color is 63 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year but 13 days behind normal. Sorghum mature is at 21 percent, same as last year but 11 days behind normal. The sorghum harvested is 1 percent complete, with harvest in the west-central, south-central and southeast districts. Sorghum condition is rated 4 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Winter wheat seeding has begun. The third cutting of alfalfa is 93 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 3 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, unchanged from last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 3 degrees below average to average across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.43 of an inch for the week. The southwest district recorded the most precipitation with 1.83 inches, while the north-central and northeast districts reported 0.00 and 0.02 of an inch respectively. McDonald and Newton counties each reported 3.60 inches last week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 13, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 6.2 6.7 7.0 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.9 6.7
Last Year 2.9 2.4 0.4 0.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 4.5 5.3 6.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 2 4
Short 18 11 10 16 12 7 33 5 23 55
Adequate 80 88 87 80 87 91 65 93 75 41
Surplus 1 0 3 4 0 2 0 2 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 34 18 35 16 33 26 35 60 59 81
Last Year 28 19 18 7 31 29 10 28 24 72
Normal 70                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 7 1 3 1 4 2 2 6 12 35
Last Year 4 0 0 0 3 2 1 4 5 19
Normal 27                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 25 33 32 18 21 19 24 4 24 29
Last Year 18 25 9 13 15 17 6 9 10 29
Normal 47                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 8 6 9 3 10 5 5 0 10 17
Last Year 5 3 2 2 4 1 0 1 5 15
Normal 19                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 63 48 65 20 84 51 37 90 89 93
Last Year 60 68 61 45 63 43 29 29 82 100
Normal 82                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 21 31 8 3 17 8 4 18 61 49
Last Year 21 20 6 3 8 5 0 3 12 61
Normal 42                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 93 97 75 90 98 99 99 100 100 99
Last Year 81 76 51 62 98 91 95 92 99 100
Normal 91                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 6 1 0 5 3 0 3 2
Poor 7 5 12 7 3 7 9 0 3 7
Fair 27 23 22 45 17 28 30 12 11 22
Good 47 53 34 37 57 52 48 73 30 46
Excellent 17 18 26 10 23 8 10 15 53 23
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 5 1 0 4 2 0 4 4
Poor 7 6 9 7 3 4 5 0 4 11
Fair 28 25 25 34 19 33 32 5 19 35
Good 47 49 41 44 55 52 50 89 31 39
Excellent 15 18 20 14 23 7 11 6 42 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 4 0 12 7 1 2 0 0 0 5
Fair 31 51 34 34 17 37 59 4 11 27
Good 55 45 41 54 68 59 34 92 40 49
Excellent 10 4 8 5 14 2 7 4 49 19
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Poor 3 2 3 4 0 0 3 2 10 11
Fair 30 26 25 40 23 27 38 20 37 63
Good 58 62 61 45 60 61 50 77 53 21
Excellent 9 10 10 11 17 12 9 1 0 3
Average Precipitation 0.43 0.19 0.00 0.02 0.45 0.18 9.54 1.83 0.74 0.12