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Week Ending October 4, 2009

Agricultural Summary

Cool, wet weather slowed maturity and kept crops from drying down rapidly which slowed harvest progress. Topsoil moisture, statewide, is rated 8 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply is 7 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. The northeast district has over 25 percent surplus soil moisture supplies. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn dent is 96 percent complete while 78 percent of the corn is mature, similar to last year but 15 days behind a normal of 94 percent. Corn harvested is 28 percent complete, the same as last year, but nearly 3 weeks behind the normal of 63 percent. The percent moisture of corn harvested is 18 percent statewide with a range of 15 to 20 percent. Corn condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Normally corn is in 53 percent good to excellent condition. Soybeans turning color is at 84 percent, 4 days ahead of last year but 6 days behind the normal of 91 percent. Sixty percent of soybeans are dropping leaves, with 34 percent of the soybeans rated mature, 4 days ahead of last year but 5 days behind normal. Soybean harvest is 11 percent complete. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Normally the crop is rated 46 percent good or better. Cotton opening bolls is at 58 percent, 16 days behind last year and 22 days behind normal. Cotton condition is 13 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Rice harvested is 41 percent complete, 3 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Rice condition is rated 1 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 30 percent excellent. Sorghum turning color is 92 percent complete, similar to last year but 8 days behind normal. Sorghum mature is at 54 percent, also similar to last year but 15 days behind normal. The sorghum harvest is 13 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 20 days behind the normal of 46 percent. Sorghum condition is rated 4 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, a slight decline from last week. Winter wheat seeding is 8 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year but 5 days behind normal. Emergence is at 2 percent.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Supplies of hay and roughage is rated 1 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Stock water supplies are 2 percent short, 91 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 5 to 6 degrees below average in the southeast district and 7 to 8 degrees below average across the rest of the State. Rainfall averaged 0.44 of an inch for the week. The north-central and northwest districts recorded the most precipitation with 0.79 and 0.73 of an inch, while the south-central and southwest districts reported 0.17 and 0.19 of an inch. Daviess county reported just over 2 inches during the week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 4, 2009
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.9 4.2 4.4 3.6 5.6 4.6 4.3 6.7 5.8 5.7
Last Year 6.7 6.9 6.4 6.1 7.0 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.0 6.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Short 8 11 10 3 6 0 16 2 7 24
Adequate 85 88 82 67 94 95 72 94 93 71
Surplus 7 1 8 30 0 5 11 4 0 5
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Short 7 10 8 2 1 2 19 3 10 12
Adequate 88 88 85 72 99 95 77 95 90 84
Surplus 5 2 7 26 0 3 3 2 0 4
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 28 13 26 6 29 37 29 50 51 74
Last Year 28 11 21 4 20 32 20 44 36 77
Normal 63                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 34 48 36 20 26 49 37 5 14 34
Last Year 23 34 25 14 15 24 11 8 22 26
Normal 49                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 13 3 7 1 20 5 2 3 40 40
Last Year 26 19 12 3 10 0 1 32 8 72
Normal 46                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 8 16 8 4 7 5 4 18 26 8
Last Year 6 12 4 3 6 5 10 9 11 6
Normal 14                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 6 1 0 4 2 0 2 2
Poor 7 5 14 8 3 7 9 0 4 8
Fair 26 22 22 46 17 28 25 3 11 22
Good 45 39 40 36 55 50 46 85 31 46
Excellent 20 33 18 9 25 11 18 12 52 22
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 4 1 0 3 3 0 4 4
Poor 7 6 8 8 3 4 7 0 5 10
Fair 28 24 27 35 18 32 27 3 18 35
Good 45 42 42 42 54 51 49 83 31 40
Excellent 17 26 19 14 25 10 14 14 42 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 4 1 12 7 1 0 0 0 0 5
Fair 31 48 32 34 14 37 65 3 11 28
Good 54 45 40 53 68 63 29 81 40 49
Excellent 11 6 10 6 17 0 6 16 49 18
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 4 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 2
Adequate 73 85 71 61 62 74 72 65 93 42
Surplus 26 11 28 39 38 26 24 35 7 56
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 1 1 0 0 3 9 0 2 0
Adequate 91 98 89 80 100 96 77 81 95 100
Surplus 7 1 10 20 0 1 14 19 3 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Poor 2 6 2 5 0 0 3 0 0 9
Fair 25 26 20 42 20 19 40 14 30 63
Good 63 59 71 43 61 65 46 79 70 24
Excellent 10 9 7 10 19 16 11 7 0 3
Percent Moisture of Corn Harvested                    
Percent 18 20 18 17 18 18 16 15 15 18
Average Precipitation 0.44 0.73 0.79 0.56 0.44 0.35 0.38 0.19 0.17 0.38