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Week Ending April 18, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Farmers used favorable conditions to plant more than a million acres of corn during the week. Warm, dry conditions prevailed across most of the State which allowed for nearly a week of good fieldwork and rapid planting progress. Topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent very short, 16 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. The biggest weekly change in topsoil moisture occurred in the south-central district, which went from 30 to 62 percent short. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. The northwest district had 5.1 days suitable, almost a full day less than any other district due to rainfall at the end of the week. Spring tillage advanced quicker than average to 53 percent complete, 19 days ahead of last year’s 32 percent and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average of 48 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting progressed dramatically in all areas of the State, averaging 40 percent complete, up from 9 percent last week. This is almost 23 days ahead of last year’s 7 percent and 6 days ahead of the normal of 28 percent complete. The southeast district advanced more rapidly than any other district, averaging 77 percent complete, whereas the northwest district averaged only 22 percent complete. Cotton planting was 3 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year and similar to normal. Rice planting reached 40 percent complete, a full week ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of normal. Rice emerged was at 5 percent, 5 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting was reported at 4 percent complete, 24 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 10 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. The wheat crop is in worse condition than last year with 26 percent poor to very poor compared to 8 percent last year. Conditions in the east-central and southwest districts were rated 45 and 56 percent poor to very poor, respectively.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition improved to 1 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The poorest pasture conditions were in the central and south-central districts, which reported 35 and 30 percent in poor to very poor condition, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were mostly 7 to 10 degrees above average statewide. Rainfall averaged 0.13 of an inch across the State. The northwest and north-central districts reported the most precipitation with 0.59 and 0.24 of an inch, respectively, while the rest of the state reported less than 0.10 of an inch.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of April 18, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.2 5.1 5.8 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.2
Last Year 1.7 1.8 1.1 0.5 0.9 1.7 1.7 4.3 3.2 1.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 3 1
Short 16 1 7 10 11 21 16 14 62 15
Adequate 71 78 64 72 74 69 77 86 35 83
Surplus 12 21 29 15 13 10 7 0 0 1
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 53 46 47 35 59 51 39 68 72 70
Last Year 32 40 25 6 43 26 33 52 54 38
Normal 48                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 40 22 43 28 43 37 35 50 40 77
Last Year 7 4 2 1 4 4 4 22 14 27
Normal 28                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 4 0 1 2 8 0 1 0 0 11
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 1
Normal 3                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 0 0 7 10 15 23 44 0 0
Poor 16 2 21 16 26 11 22 12 1 14
Fair 38 24 32 36 42 55 33 22 21 40
Good 33 69 41 32 22 18 22 21 78 42
Excellent 3 5 6 9 0 1 0 1 0 4
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 2 0 2 2 1 0 0
Poor 15 7 6 12 3 33 11 3 30 0
Fair 38 45 53 47 29 39 32 28 31 63
Good 41 42 38 34 52 24 51 62 39 30
Excellent 5 6 2 5 16 2 4 6 0 7
Average Precipitation 0.13 0.59 0.24 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.08 0.02 0.03