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Week Ending April 25, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Heavy weekend rains halted fieldwork after producers planted over a million acres of crops for the second consecutive week. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 42 percent surplus. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork, mostly before Friday. The southwest district had 5.7 days suitable, almost a full day more than any other district. Spring tillage advanced to 69 percent complete, 26 days ahead of last year’s 47 percent and 15 days ahead of the 5-year average of 56 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 69 percent complete, up 29 points from last week. This is 26 days ahead of last year’s 24 percent and almost 19 days ahead of the normal of 42 percent complete. The southeast district has nearly completed planting, averaging 95 percent complete, whereas the northwest district averaged 54 percent complete. Heavy rainfall may cause some producers to replant corn. Corn emerged was 20 percent, almost 15 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Soybean planting has just begun, averaging 5 percent complete, 15 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. The southeast district averaged 10 percent complete. Cotton planting was 10 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. Rice planting jumped 44 points to 84 percent complete, a full month ahead of last year and 22 days ahead of normal. Rice emerged was at 27 percent, 11 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting was reported at 7 percent complete, 20 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Winter wheat was 4 percent headed, mostly in the southeast district. This is the same as last year, but 6 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The wheat crop is in poorer condition than last year with 27 percent poor to very poor compared to 8 percent last year. Conditions in the east-central and southwest districts were rated 60 and 69 percent poor to very poor, respectively. Reports across the State indicate producers are plowing up some wheat fields in poor condition with thin stands and intend to replace them with row crops.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition slightly improved to 1 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Pasture condition is better than normal, with 15 percent poor to very poor compared to 21 percent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were near average. Statewide rainfall averaged 2.39 inches across the State. The north-central and northeast districts reported the most precipitation with 3.30 and 3.46 inches, respectively, while the southwest district reported the least with 1.59 inches. Most rainfall was received at week’s end.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of April 25, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.6 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.0 4.7 4.1 5.7 5.0 5.4
Last Year 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.1 3.3 4.5 4.6 5.9 4.5 4.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 3 0 0 0 6 2 0 2 17 1
Adequate 55 70 18 3 64 58 65 97 78 60
Surplus 42 30 82 97 30 40 35 1 5 39
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 69 60 58 60 76 73 64 73 79 84
Last Year 47 49 42 14 52 47 43 67 61 57
Normal 56                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 69 54 65 72 71 73 65 81 83 95
Last Year 24 20 14 8 20 30 17 41 26 55
Normal 42                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 20 12 11 11 21 19 15 41 23 55
Normal 17                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 5 4 4 5 2 2 5 1 2 10
Last Year 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 3
Normal 3                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7 0 3 4 16 1 4 0 0 19
Last Year 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 4
Normal 7                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 13
Last Year 4 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 14 23
Normal 13                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 11 0 2 8 9 15 37 41 0 0
Poor 16 6 20 17 14 13 23 28 8 14
Fair 37 40 33 41 51 46 24 23 15 37
Good 31 53 33 29 26 24 16 8 77 40
Excellent 5 1 12 5 0 2 0 0 0 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 0 0
Poor 14 4 10 10 2 28 7 0 34 0
Fair 36 34 45 49 29 37 31 35 28 52
Good 43 45 36 34 53 31 59 64 37 37
Excellent 6 17 7 6 16 2 2 1 1 11
Average Precipitation 2.39 2.10 3.30 3.46 2.45 2.77 1.98 1.59 1.70 2.38