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Week Ending May 02, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Weekend rains for the second week in a row have slowed fieldwork and delayed planting in many areas of the State, although planting is still ahead of normal for most field crops. Topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 49 percent surplus. A week earlier, topsoil moisture was rated 42 percent surplus. The north-central and northeast districts reported over 75 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. There were 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork. The southern third of the State had 3 to 5 days suitable while the north-central and northeast districts each had less than a day. Spring tillage advanced to 73 percent complete, just over 20 days ahead of last year’s 51 percent and 12 days ahead of the 5-year average of 63 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 73 percent complete, up only 4 points from last week. This is still 20 days ahead of last year’s 30 percent and almost 14 days ahead of the normal of 53 percent complete. The southeast district has nearly completed planting, averaging 97 percent complete, whereas the northwest district averaged 60 percent complete. Corn emerged was 39 percent, almost 17 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Soybean planting averaged 7 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. The southeast district averaged 13 percent complete. Cotton planting was 16 percent complete, similar to last year but 6 days behind normal. Rice planting was 91 percent complete, up 7 points from last week. This is 28 days ahead of last year and almost 20 days ahead of normal. Rice emerged was at 55 percent, 23 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting was reported at 9 percent complete, 15 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind normal. Winter wheat was 19 percent headed, mostly in the southeast and east-central districts. This is 4 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 10 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. The wheat crop is in poorer condition than last year with 26 percent poor to very poor compared to 9 percent last year. Conditions in the southwest district continue to be the poorest in the State, rating 66 percent poor to very poor; however, conditions in the east-central district greatly improved, rating 33 percent poor to very poor, compared to 60 percent last week.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition slightly improved to 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. The poorest pasture condition was seen in the south-central district, which reported 37 percent in poor condition. Supply of hay and other roughages was rated 1 percent very short, 13 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Hay supplies are shorter than a year ago due to the cold, wet winter. The southwest district reported 29 percent short to very short. Stock water supplies were rated 81 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Statewide, Temperatures were mostly 1 to 2 degrees above average for the week. Rainfall averaged 1.03 inches across the State. The southeast district reported the most precipitation with 2.81 inches, while the northwest and southwest districts reported the least with 0.54 and 0.44 of an inch, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 2, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.1 2 0.7 0.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 5.1 4 3.1
Last Year 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.3 1.4 0.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 6 5 0
Adequate 50 68 25 19 44 42 53 85 86 50
Surplus 49 32 75 81 56 57 47 9 9 50
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 0 0 0 4 3 1 2 11 0
Adequate 70 91 64 34 59 55 86 98 89 93
Surplus 28 9 36 66 37 42 13 0 0 7
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 73 64 62 61 77 75 72 87 95 88
Last Year 51 50 47 15 54 51 48 72 65 63
Normal 63                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 73 60 66 73 71 73 83 92 93 97
Last Year 30 28 20 11 24 36 21 48 49 65
Normal 53                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7 6 6 5 3 3 6 2 4 13
Last Year 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 6
Normal 6                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 9 7 3 9 17 2 5 1 11 23
Last Year 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 6
Normal 11                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 19 0 2 0 3 0 24 0 12 46
Last Year 12 3 0 0 5 3 16 10 23 60
Normal 28                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 0 10 6 18 16 1 39 0 0
Poor 16 10 9 13 13 15 32 27 13 15
Fair 37 45 28 43 42 49 45 22 10 33
Good 32 42 42 34 27 17 22 11 77 43
Excellent 5 3 11 4 0 3 0 1 0 9
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0
Short 13 1 15 11 14 9 2 27 18 0
Adequate 80 88 67 80 81 89 86 69 82 100
Surplus 6 10 18 7 5 2 12 2 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Adequate 81 78 53 68 76 85 68 99 100 59
Surplus 19 21 47 32 24 15 32 0 0 41
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 2 0 1 2 1 0 0
Poor 11 3 12 9 2 15 5 2 37 0
Fair 35 48 25 45 30 49 29 21 30 12
Good 41 31 48 35 55 21 51 66 33 66
Excellent 12 18 14 9 13 14 13 10 0 22
Average Precipitation 1.03 0.54 0.90 0.82 0.97 0.87 1.06 0.44 1.38 2.81