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Week Ending May 9, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Rainfall at the end of the previous week slowed fieldwork before drier conditions allowed farmers to resume progress. Topsoil moisture was rated 4 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. A week earlier, topsoil moisture was rated 49 percent surplus. The east-central, southwestern, and south-central districts reported less than 10 percent surplus. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. The southwest district reported nearly 7 days suitable compared to the north-central district, which averaged 2 days suitable for fieldwork. Spring tillage advanced to 79 percent complete, 17 days ahead of last year’s 54 percent and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average of 68 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 84 percent complete, up 9 points from last week. This is 17 days ahead of last year’s 38 percent and almost 13 days ahead of the normal of 63 percent complete. The southern third of the state has nearly completed planting; however, some of this corn will need to be replanted. The northwest and north-central districts each averaged only 74 percent complete. Corn emerged was 53 percent, 15 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Soybean planting averaged 14 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year’s 5 percent and just over a day ahead of normal. The southeast district averaged 29 percent complete. The soybean crop is just beginning to emerge, averaging 3 percent across the State. Cotton planting is moving right along at 51 percent complete, up 35 points from last week. This is 11 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Rice planting has nearly been completed at 97 percent complete, up 6 points from a week ago. This is 26 days ahead of last year and 19 days ahead of normal. Rice was 73 percent emerged, 20 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 1 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Sorghum planting was reported at 18 percent complete, just over 11 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Winter wheat averaged 41 percent headed, lead by the southeast and south-central districts at 90 percent. This is almost 3 days ahead of last year, but almost 3 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. First cutting of alfalfa was 5 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind normal. Other hay was 2 percent cut, 8 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition, virtually unchanged from a week ago, was rated 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. This year, 54 percent of the pasture was rated good to excellent condition compared to 62 percent last year.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 4 degrees below average over most of the State; however, the Bootheel experienced temperatures that were 1 to 4 degrees above average. Rainfall averaged 0.38 of an inch across the State. The northern third of the state received around an inch of rainfall, while the rest of the State received less than 0.25 of an inch. In particular, the southwest and south-central districts were exceptionally dry having received only 0.01 of an inch of rainfall. Mercer and Scotland counties received the largest amount of moisture with 2.55 and 2.48 inches, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 9, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.8 3.5 2.0 2.6 3.8 4.0 5.5 6.9 4.6 3.6
Last Year 1.6 3.5 2.3 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.6 2.0 2.0 0.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 4 0 0 0 0 7 8 8 13 3
Adequate 71 77 57 53 64 75 83 92 81 71
Surplus 25 23 43 47 36 18 9 0 6 26
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 79 72 64 65 84 82 85 89 97 93
Last Year 54 53 51 18 59 53 51 75 74 66
Normal 68                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 84 74 74 79 86 87 90 98 95 100
Last Year 38 42 33 12 27 40 25 67 57 71
Normal 63                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 53 27 48 47 52 63 55 87 59 88
Last Year 19 18 13 5 16 27 17 29 39 37
Normal 43                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 14 15 7 9 6 8 16 7 6 29
Last Year 5 8 5 1 1 2 4 0 1 7
Normal 12                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 18 9 4 13 26 3 7 4 13 53
Last Year 3 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 27 7
Normal 18                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 41 11 4 3 20 24 36 7 90 90
Last Year 30 7 4 3 24 25 41 33 40 91
Normal 50                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 7 2 6 8 0 0 0 0
Poor 7 0 9 19 8 8 7 0 0 3
Fair 34 41 48 42 23 40 9 1 15 22
Good 48 53 29 27 59 43 81 44 85 63
Excellent 8 6 7 10 4 1 3 55 0 12
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 8 0 12 6 26 15 19 4 0 0
Poor 20 18 8 20 16 15 19 66 10 13
Fair 37 40 36 39 37 50 36 19 12 40
Good 29 41 32 29 21 17 26 10 78 37
Excellent 6 1 12 6 0 3 0 1 0 10
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 2 0 1 2 1 0 0
Poor 11 12 12 10 2 12 5 1 31 0
Fair 34 43 46 32 24 33 30 31 32 60
Good 46 28 36 46 56 48 55 59 37 25
Excellent 8 17 5 10 18 6 8 8 0 15
Average Precipitation 0.38 1.00 1.03 0.89 0.11 0.08 0.23 0.01 0.01 0.16