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Week Ending May 16, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Heavy rainfall limited fieldwork over the State except for the Bootheel. Producers are concerned with the potential need to replant corn due to the continued cool, damp conditions. Topsoil moisture was rated 38 percent adequate and 62 percent surplus, comparable with a year ago. A week earlier, topsoil moisture was rated 25 percent surplus. The south-central and southeast districts reported less than 15 percent surplus whereas all other districts reported over 50 percent surplus. There was 1 day suitable for fieldwork on average. The southeast district reported 4 days suitable compared with the northern 2/3 of the State, which reported one day or less. Spring tillage reached 80 percent complete, 11 days ahead of last year’s 60 percent and 4 days ahead of the 5-year average of 75 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 85 percent complete, up one point from last week. This is 11 days ahead of last year’s 52 percent and nearly 7 days ahead of the normal of 73 percent complete. The southern third of the state and the east-central district have each reported over 90 percent of the corn has been planted. The northwest and north-central districts averaged 77 and 76 percent complete, respectively. Corn emerged reached 62 percent, 11 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Soybean planting averaged 18 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year’s 8 percent, but 3 days behind normal. The southeast district averaged 42 percent complete. The soybean crop was 7 percent emerged throughout the State, 8 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Cotton planting moved to 89 percent complete, up 38 points from last week. This is 13 days ahead of last year and 7 days ahead of normal. Rice planting was virtually finished this past week, 22 days ahead of last year and normal. Rice was 85 percent emerged, 18 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 2 percent poor, 18 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Sorghum planting was reported at 20 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year, but 5 days behind normal. Winter wheat averaged 64 percent headed, led by the south-central and southeast districts at 99 and 100 percent. This is similar to last year, but almost 3 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 9 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. First cutting of alfalfa was 8 percent complete, a day ahead of last year, but 7 days behind normal. Other hay was 3 percent cut, 2 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition, which improved slightly from a week ago, was rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. This year, 65 percent of the pasture was rated good to excellent condition compared with 66 percent last year.

Weather Summary

Temperatures in the northern third of the State were 6 to 8 degrees below average; however, the Bootheel experienced temperatures that were 1 to 3 degrees above average. Temperatures in the remainder of the State were 2 to 5 degrees below average. Rainfall averaged 3.59 inches across the State. The Bootheel received only 0.83 of an inch, while the rest of the State received more than 2.5 inches. Moreover, the west-central and southwest districts each received over 4.5 inches of rainfall. Vernon and Hickory counties received the largest amounts of moisture with 8.68 and 7.23 inches, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 16, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.0 1.4 1.6 4.2
Last Year 1.9 3.2 2.0 1.2 1.0 1.9 1.4 2.7 2.4 1.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Adequate 38 30 26 6 21 25 38 43 87 85
Surplus 62 70 74 94 79 75 61 57 13 14
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 80 72 68 67 84 82 85 93 97 93
Last Year 60 69 60 25 62 56 55 76 75 70
Normal 75                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 85 77 76 80 86 87 91 99 98 100
Last Year 52 67 47 17 32 54 41 76 64 82
Normal 73                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 62 44 56 57 62 67 59 92 77 95
Last Year 33 39 29 11 24 39 25 41 44 55
Normal 56                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 18 17 9 10 8 10 18 11 9 42
Last Year 8 19 10 2 2 4 7 3 4 11
Normal 24                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 20 12 5 14 27 7 8 4 14 65
Last Year 8 8 4 4 1 1 5 4 47 16
Normal 30                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 64 21 16 31 42 51 51 65 99 100
Last Year 65 34 39 22 54 46 72 77 87 98
Normal 74                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 8 1 0 2 4 31 20 15 5 30
Last Year 6 5 2 2 2 14 6 11 5 16
Normal 20                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 3 0 0 0 1 2 7 7 4 4
Last Year 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1
Normal 6                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 2 16 6 10 11 0 0 0 0
Poor 13 14 19 22 13 16 4 0 3 3
Fair 33 33 40 44 22 41 31 0 16 25
Good 42 48 24 22 52 31 64 43 81 60
Excellent 6 3 1 6 3 1 1 57 0 12
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 9 7 14 8 28 18 26 4 0 0
Poor 22 18 9 24 20 26 13 68 15 13
Fair 35 30 38 39 41 38 37 16 5 35
Good 29 43 31 24 11 15 24 11 80 42
Excellent 5 2 8 5 0 3 0 1 0 10
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 2 0 1 2 1 0 0
Poor 8 16 18 9 1 6 4 2 10 0
Fair 26 33 36 39 26 21 25 11 25 52
Good 55 35 41 41 54 60 62 70 65 32
Excellent 10 16 4 9 19 12 7 16 0 16
Average Precipitation 3.59 3.78 4.33 3.56 4.81 1.39 2.65 4.75 2.69 0.83