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Week Ending May 23, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Cool, wet weather kept soil saturated and farmers out of the fields. Topsoil moisture was rated 46 percent adequate and 54 percent surplus. The south-central and southeast districts reported less than 15 percent surplus whereas all other districts reported 35 percent surplus or more. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork on average. The southern third of the State reported 2-3 days suitable compared with the northern 2/3 of the State, which reported less than one day. Spring tillage was 81 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year’s 74 percent, but 2 days behind the 5-year average of 83 percent complete.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 86 percent complete, virtually unchanged from last week. This is 5 days ahead of last year’s 77 percent, but similar to normal. The southern third of the state has nearly completed planting. Corn emerged reached 72 percent, 8 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Soybean planting averaged 22 percent complete, up only 4 points from last week. This is a day behind last year’s 25 percent and 8 days behind the normal of 43. The southeast district averaged 55 percent complete, greater than 37 points higher than the rest of the State. The soybean crop was 14 percent emerged Statewide, 4 days ahead of last year, but nearly 2 days behind normal. Cotton planting moved to 96 percent complete, up 7 points from last week. This is 14 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 7 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Rice was 99 percent emerged, 22 days ahead of last year and 20 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 2 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Sorghum planting was reported at 22 percent complete, a day behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Winter wheat averaged 81 percent headed, led by the south-central and southeast districts at 100 percent. This is similar to last year, but nearly 4 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 10 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. First cutting of alfalfa was 15 percent complete, 3 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Other hay was 6 percent cut, 3 days behind last year and 7 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week ago. This year, 64 percent of the pasture was rated good to excellent condition compared with the 5-year average of 48 percent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were closer to normal this week, averaging from 2 degrees below to 1 degree above average statewide, with the warmer temperatures seen in the Bootheel. Rainfall averaged 1.57 inches across the State. The northeast district reported the least amount of precipitation with 1.08 inches, while the southwest district had nearly 2 inches. Cedar, Polk, and Texas counties received the largest amounts of moisture, with over 3 inches of precipitation each.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 23, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.7 2.4 3.1 3.2
Last Year 5.4 6.3 4.9 5.2 5.7 5.1 5.7 4.9 4.3 5.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Adequate 46 37 28 22 35 32 44 65 89 87
Surplus 54 63 72 78 65 68 55 35 11 13
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 81 72 68 67 84 84 88 94 98 96
Last Year 74 87 70 52 74 76 69 79 80 79
Normal 83                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 86 79 77 82 87 88 92 99 99 100
Last Year 77 91 72 55 69 82 59 86 83 96
Normal 86                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 72 56 68 68 65 82 72 96 94 99
Last Year 50 63 38 23 34 57 30 63 66 82
Normal 68                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 22 17 9 10 8 10 18 13 12 55
Last Year 25 49 27 15 10 22 19 6 9 27
Normal 43                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 22 12 5 14 27 8 9 4 14 74
Last Year 25 60 10 8 10 9 9 7 54 66
Normal 46                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 81 78 59 57 72 67 69 86 100 100
Last Year 83 74 61 60 85 65 90 91 98 100
Normal 88                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 15 2 1 4 4 41 28 33 20 89
Last Year 25 15 10 17 29 43 36 35 18 31
Normal 38                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 6 0 1 1 4 7 11 10 11 12
Normal 17                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 7 4 20 6 11 11 0 0 0 0
Poor 13 12 19 23 16 18 6 0 0 3
Fair 36 44 39 48 21 43 43 0 23 16
Good 39 36 17 19 49 28 49 84 77 70
Excellent 5 4 5 4 3 0 2 16 0 11
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 1 16 10 28 18 34 4 0 0
Poor 23 20 13 26 20 34 15 72 14 11
Fair 34 43 41 38 39 38 32 14 7 34
Good 28 34 21 21 13 7 19 10 79 46
Excellent 5 2 9 5 0 3 0 0 0 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 0 0
Poor 7 16 19 9 2 9 4 0 0 0
Fair 28 35 43 38 28 26 25 4 26 6
Good 54 34 24 43 53 59 61 74 74 77
Excellent 10 15 13 9 17 5 8 22 0 17
Average Precipitation 1.57 1.46 1.47 1.08 1.76 1.77 1.35 1.94 1.84 1.18