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Week Ending May 30, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Warmer, drier weather allowed farmers to make progress with tillage, planting and harvesting hay until spotty showers again limited fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. The northwest district and the southern third of the State reported 5 or more percent short whereas all other districts reported 13 percent or more surplus. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Spring tillage was 89 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year’s 84 percent, but virtually the same as the 5-year average.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting averaged 95 percent complete. This is 8 days ahead of last year’s 89 percent and 4 days ahead of normal. Corn emerged reached 81 percent, a week ahead of last year’s 70 percent but similar to normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Farmers made good progress with soybean planting reported as 48 percent complete, up 26 points from last week. This is 3 days ahead of last year’s 41 percent but still 5 days behind the normal of 59 percent. The west-central and north-central districts lagged behind at 15 percent and 29 percent, respectively, while the remainder of the state was 40 percent or more planted. The soybean crop was 22 percent emerged Statewide, 1 day ahead of last year, but nearly 6 days behind normal. Cotton planting is practically complete. Squaring reached 2 percent, 20 days ahead of a year earlier and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average of 1 percent. Cotton condition was rated 7 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 70 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, a slight improvement from a week earlier. Rice was virtually all emerged, more than 2 weeks ahead of last year and normal. Rice condition was rated 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Last week, 14 percent of the crop was rated in excellent condition. Sorghum planting jumped to 53 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind normal. Winter wheat averaged 91 percent headed, 2 days behind last year and 5 days behind normal. Wheat condition was rated 10 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. First cutting of alfalfa was 45 percent complete the same as a year ago but over 4 days behind normal. The second cutting of alfalfa is beginning in the Bootheel. Other hay was 22 percent cut, the same as last year but 4 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, an improvement from a week ago. This year, 69 percent of the pasture was rated in good to excellent condition compared with the 5-year average of 47 percent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were well above normal this week, averaging 4 degrees to 9 degrees above normal. Rainfall averaged 0.42 of an inch. The west-central district received 0.62 of an inch while the east-central and central districts received 0.16 and 0.25 of an inch, respectively. The remaining districts averaged approximately one-half inch each. Barry and Ripley counties received the largest amounts of moisture, with over 2 inches of precipitation each.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 30, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 5.0 3.5 4.3 4.2 5.4 4.6 6.3 4.9 4.9
Last Year 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.6 3.3 3.1 1.6 5.5 4.4 2.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 3 7 0 3 0 1 4 5 6 7
Adequate 81 87 63 71 78 81 83 90 90 87
Surplus 16 5 37 26 22 18 13 5 4 6
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 89 82 81 82 86 93 90 97 100 98
Last Year 84 93 83 65 85 87 79 94 89 84
Normal 89                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 81 79 74 77 67 89 82 100 99 100
Last Year 70 81 69 40 65 74 41 80 77 95
Normal 81                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 48 55 29 40 15 45 49 44 41 74
Last Year 41 64 51 25 26 46 27 16 20 39
Normal 59                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 22 17 8 15 7 9 32 15 35 47
Last Year 20 35 21 9 13 20 9 3 14 23
Normal 37                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 53 71 11 29 69 43 49 50 51 90
Last Year 41 82 19 19 31 24 12 12 49 74
Normal 62                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 91 90 64 73 98 86 91 94 100 100
Last Year 94 83 86 93 96 83 95 97 100 100
Normal 96                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 35 35 0 24 1 28 11 8 60 68
Last Year 36 3 1 2 15 10 23 12 55 81
Normal 40                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 45 31 23 21 31 77 50 79 77 100
Last Year 45 31 24 26 67 74 53 41 48 84
Normal 57                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 22 10 8 8 10 29 31 41 26 30
Last Year 22 11 15 5 23 25 24 31 26 29
Normal 29                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 1 14 6 16 13 0 0 0 0
Poor 11 8 19 15 19 19 5 0 0 3
Fair 38 51 47 50 20 39 32 0 22 18
Good 41 37 18 25 41 29 58 94 78 66
Excellent 4 3 2 4 4 0 5 6 0 13
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 0 11 10 32 17 37 4 0 0
Poor 24 3 22 25 25 35 13 72 14 11
Fair 34 56 47 38 36 37 25 14 4 35
Good 28 37 20 22 7 8 25 10 82 46
Excellent 4 4 0 5 0 3 0 0 0 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 0 0
Poor 4 0 17 8 1 6 3 0 0 0
Fair 26 37 32 37 30 24 29 4 27 6
Good 60 47 40 45 49 65 58 81 72 77
Excellent 9 16 10 9 20 4 8 15 1 17
Average Precipitation 0.42 0.46 0.45 0.49 0.62 0.25 0.16 0.46 0.54 0.51