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Week Ending June 20, 2010

Agricultural Summary

While dry conditions affect the southern third of the State, continued wet conditions in the northern two-thirds of the State again limited fieldwork in those areas. There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork. The northern third of the State had between 1.5 and 2 days suitable whereas the southern third had 6 days or more suitable. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent very short, 21 percent short, 44 percent adequate and 32 percent surplus. The southeast and south-central districts reported 82 and 66 percent short to very short whereas all other districts reported 69 percent or more adequate to surplus. In the northern third of the State and central district, corn and soybean conditions were rated 14 percent or more poor to very poor.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 9 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Soybean planting was reported as 79 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year’s 74 percent, but still 5 days behind the normal of 84 percent. The soybean crop was 72 percent emerged, 5 days ahead of last year, but just over 2 days behind normal. Soybeans in the southern third of the state were 90 percent or more emerged. Soybean condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Cotton squaring reached 47 percent, 14 days ahead of a year earlier and 9 days ahead of normal. Cotton bolls are just beginning to set. Cotton condition was rated 7 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 64 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice condition was rated 3 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. This year, 84 percent of the rice was rated good to excellent compared with 68 percent last year and the normal of 75 percent. Sorghum planting was 84 percent complete, just over 3 days ahead of last year, but a day behind normal. Sorghum is just beginning to head. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Winter wheat turning color was 93 percent complete, up 14 points from a week earlier. This is similar to last year, but 4 days behind normal. Wheat harvest was 43 percent complete. Dry conditions in the Bootheel has led to rapid progress in the wheat harvest, which was 88 percent harvested. Wheat condition was rated 9 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a slight improvement from a week earlier. First cutting of alfalfa was 69 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and just over 14 days behind normal. The second cutting of alfalfa is 22 percent complete, just over 8 days ahead of a year earlier and 3 days ahead of normal. Other hay was 54 percent cut, 3 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 8 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, slightly worse than a week ago. Last year, pasture condition was rated 2 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 17 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures in the southern third of the State were 6 to 8 degrees above normal, whereas temperatures in the rest of the State were 3 to 5 degrees above normal. Rainfall averaged 1.37 inches Statewide. The southeast and south-central districts received less than a third of an inch of rainfall while all other districts averaged an inch or more of rainfall. Gentry and Buchanan counties reported the greatest amount of precipitation with over 5.07 and 4.07 inches, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 20, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.9 1.5 1.6 1.8 3.5 3.7 3.5 6.0 6.6 6.9
Last Year 2.6 1.4 1.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.8 5.5 4.2 4.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 5 21
Short 21 0 0 0 3 14 8 30 61 61
Adequate 44 24 24 37 75 63 81 69 34 16
Surplus 32 76 76 63 22 23 10 0 0 2
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 0 0 0 1 0 6 36 4 38
Last Year 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 4
Normal 6                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 72 76 46 57 71 67 71 90 90 92
Last Year 63 87 68 44 56 73 42 38 42 61
Normal 75                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 84 99 53 70 97 78 68 99 88 100
Last Year 76 100 72 52 94 71 37 86 79 98
Normal 85                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 43 0 4 4 15 1 22 11 56 88
Last Year 20 0 2 1 3 0 6 10 0 53
Normal 35                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 69 52 51 38 100 87 95 98 100 100
Last Year 79 81 42 60 98 91 94 81 96 100
Normal 88                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 54 22 28 16 53 65 54 62 77 80
Last Year 49 42 28 18 51 51 54 59 63 65
Normal 60                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 16 5 3 13 0 0 0 3
Poor 14 17 26 17 7 15 4 0 1 8
Fair 31 31 35 50 22 30 31 6 10 21
Good 39 35 20 22 47 39 58 60 58 58
Excellent 10 12 3 6 21 3 7 34 31 10
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 4 12 3 2 4 4 0 0 2
Poor 13 19 21 11 5 13 8 1 0 10
Fair 33 23 40 56 23 32 27 9 1 30
Good 44 50 22 21 47 51 52 85 99 54
Excellent 6 4 5 9 23 0 9 5 0 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 3 10 0 1 0 0 0 13 0
Poor 5 7 12 2 5 0 1 1 0 9
Fair 32 51 37 41 13 63 13 7 1 36
Good 57 35 40 45 73 37 86 89 86 52
Excellent 4 4 1 12 8 0 0 3 0 3
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 9 1 5 9 39 12 45 0 0 0
Poor 23 8 18 23 25 43 13 60 0 12
Fair 32 53 45 42 24 35 16 15 7 36
Good 30 36 24 20 10 6 26 24 93 43
Excellent 6 2 8 6 2 4 0 1 0 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 0
Poor 8 1 9 5 1 1 4 4 23 6
Fair 35 42 32 35 30 23 34 33 45 52
Good 46 38 44 43 45 59 52 58 31 42
Excellent 11 19 15 16 24 17 8 4 1 0
Average Precipitation 1.37 2.60 1.81 2.08 2.09 1.01 1.25 1.21 0.31 0.23