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Week Ending June 27, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Dry conditions this week have allowed many farmers in the northern third of the State back into their fields. Although these hot, dry conditions are good for fieldwork, some areas of the State are experiencing yield losses, pollination problems, and crop deterioration. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 8 percent very short, 22 percent short, 43 percent adequate and 27 percent surplus. The southeast and south-central districts reported 87 and 80 percent short to very short whereas all other districts reported 45 percent or more adequate to surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 20 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year, but similar to the 5-year average (normal). Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, slightly worse than a week earlier, with most of this decline seen in the south-central and southeast districts. Soybean planting was reported as 90 percent complete, a day ahead of last year’s 88 percent, but a day behind the normal of 91 percent. Seventy-eight percent of the soybean acreage has emerged, 2 days ahead of last year, but 5 days behind normal. Soybean blooming and beyond was 2 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Similar to corn, soybean condition was seen to be much worse than last week in the south-central and southeast districts. Cotton squaring reached 59 percent, just over 10 days ahead of a year earlier and 4 days ahead of normal. Cotton setting bolls and beyond was 3 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind normal. Cotton condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice condition was rated 3 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 25 percent excellent. This year, 85 percent of the rice was rated good to excellent compared with 66 percent last year and a normal of 75 percent. Sorghum planting was 92 percent complete, similar to both last year and normal. Sorghum headed and beyond was 3 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Winter wheat harvest was 64 percent complete, slightly ahead of normal. The quality of the harvested wheat in the northern third of the State is reported as very poor due to 4 consecutive weeks of wet conditions. Wheat condition was rated 10 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. First cutting of alfalfa was 80 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. The second cutting of alfalfa is 32 percent complete, just over 6 days ahead of a year earlier and similar to normal. Other hay was 64 percent cut, 2 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, worse than a week ago. Last year, pasture condition was rated 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 15 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 3 to 7 degrees above normal throughout the State. Rainfall averaged 0.43 inches Statewide. The north-central and northeast districts received more than an inch of rainfall while the southeast district averaged less than 0.10 of an inch of rainfall. Clark and Scotland counties reported the greatest amount of precipitation with over 4 inches each. The northern third of the State has received over 8 inches of rainfall in the last 4 weeks.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 27, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.3 4.6 3.6 3.4 5.4 5.9 5.9 6.9 6.6 6.8
Last Year 5.4 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.8 5.5 6.3 6.7 6.2 6.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 8 0 0 0 1 2 3 3 28 37
Short 22 1 1 2 28 14 23 52 52 50
Adequate 43 40 30 44 60 72 61 45 20 13
Surplus 27 59 69 54 11 12 13 0 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 20 2 12 2 10 22 27 53 39 73
Last Year 7 1 4 1 3 9 6 21 6 28
Normal 19                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 78 83 60 62 85 78 73 94 92 94
Last Year 74 90 81 53 69 88 48 49 75 77
Normal 83                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 3 0 0 0 2 0 1 12 2 8
Last Year 1 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
Normal 3                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 64 24 35 22 65 52 53 17 84 99
Last Year 53 20 21 17 38 29 42 57 34 88
Normal 61                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 32 14 8 8 32 52 37 61 89 99
Last Year 19 6 3 4 27 28 13 18 49 40
Normal 31                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 64 39 40 25 55 71 73 83 87 88
Last Year 61 45 35 26 65 67 70 71 77 80
Normal 69                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 7 9 14 6 3 8 1 0 0 5
Poor 15 15 29 19 14 10 5 1 8 10
Fair 32 30 34 45 29 31 27 11 33 27
Good 36 26 22 24 48 45 52 71 45 51
Excellent 10 20 1 6 6 6 15 17 14 7
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 7 9 4 1 3 3 0 2 5
Poor 13 16 16 12 9 10 7 3 18 16
Fair 39 24 49 57 32 33 24 25 34 41
Good 37 43 24 18 44 52 63 64 46 35
Excellent 6 10 2 9 14 2 3 8 0 3
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 7 0 1 0 0 0 13 3
Poor 6 3 10 3 5 0 1 12 0 12
Fair 38 20 43 42 24 62 22 33 35 32
Good 50 67 40 44 67 38 63 50 52 51
Excellent 4 9 0 11 3 0 14 5 0 2
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 1 15 11 35 13 25 0 0 0
Poor 20 11 17 26 36 39 10 34 14 11
Fair 35 51 39 42 18 42 32 26 7 35
Good 31 31 23 19 11 6 33 40 79 46
Excellent 4 6 6 2 0 0 0 0 0 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 5 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 24 4
Poor 12 1 8 6 1 6 6 5 38 41
Fair 31 36 36 35 42 27 30 38 18 46
Good 43 45 41 44 49 57 51 54 19 9
Excellent 9 18 15 14 8 10 11 2 1 0
Average Precipitation 0.43 0.73 1.08 1.30 0.35 0.12 0.10 0.18 0.15 0.08