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Week Ending July 4, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Hot, dry conditions during the week have been very good for fieldwork and haying; however, many producers are seeing the need for a good, soaking rain. A lack of precipitation over the last 4 weeks deteriorated non-irrigated crops and pastures, and depleted stock water supplies in the south-central and southeast districts. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 15 percent very short, 26 percent short, 48 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus, much drier than a week earlier. The northern third showed the biggest change in surplus topsoil moisture dropping at least 27 points in each district. Subsoil moisture was rated 8 percent very short, 18 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. This year, 74 percent was rated adequate or better compared with 94 percent last month and 90 percent last year.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 45 percent complete, a week ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). Corn condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, a slight improvement from a week earlier. Soybean planting was virtually complete across the State. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean acreage has emerged, 2 days ahead of last year, but a day behind normal. Soybean blooming and beyond was 8 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, similar to last week. Both corn and soybean crops in the south-central and southeast districts greatly deteriorated from the previous week. Cotton squaring reached 66 percent, a week ahead of a year earlier, but similar to normal. Cotton setting bolls and beyond was 16 percent complete, up 13 points from a week earlier. This is 10 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. This is worse than last week when only 9 percent was rated poor to very poor. Rice is just beginning to head in the Bootheel. Rice condition stayed the same from a week earlier. Sorghum planting was nearly complete. Sorghum headed and beyond moved to 6 percent complete, 9 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Winter wheat harvest jumped 29 points to 93 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year and a week ahead of normal. Some producers in the northern third of the State reported a low test weight due to the very wet conditions. First cutting of alfalfa was 96 percent complete, up 16 points from last week, and the second cutting of alfalfa, at 51 percent complete, was up 19 points. The progress of both crops was similar to normal. Other hay was 77 percent cut, 4 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, worse than a week ago. Supplies of hay and other roughages were rated 5 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Stock water supplies were rated 5 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 3 degrees below normal throughout the State. Rainfall averaged 0.39 of an inch Statewide. The northwest and southwest districts received the most rainfall with 0.75 and 0.65 of an inch while the southeast district averaged less than 0.10 of an inch of rainfall. Andrew county reported the greatest amount of precipitation with 3.25 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 4, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.8 6.7 7.0
Last Year 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.4 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.9 6.2 6.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 15 0 0 0 1 5 11 6 49 68
Short 26 5 8 6 44 24 38 58 44 26
Adequate 48 78 52 67 55 68 48 36 7 6
Surplus 11 17 40 27 0 3 3 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 8 0 0 0 1 1 5 3 47 13
Short 18 0 3 1 18 17 23 27 38 60
Adequate 67 90 75 82 81 81 69 70 15 27
Surplus 7 10 22 17 0 1 3 0 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 45 20 33 21 42 42 58 88 76 94
Last Year 27 21 30 3 17 27 27 39 30 71
Normal 39                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 89 87 85 86 93 88 83 95 95 95
Last Year 86 96 89 75 81 92 70 74 87 87
Normal 90                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 6 0 0 0 11 0 2 13 14 16
Last Year 1 0 3 0 1 6 1 1 4 1
Normal 6                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 93 79 94 84 92 90 89 86 94 100
Last Year 80 71 56 66 72 71 69 86 79 98
Normal 81                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 51 32 28 19 66 73 66 74 96 100
Last Year 35 26 9 14 37 49 48 49 66 69
Normal 49                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 77 69 54 60 77 81 86 87 92 91
Last Year 71 66 48 35 70 76 80 82 87 90
Normal 78                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 5 3 14 2 5 5 0 0 9 9
Poor 17 18 27 19 15 7 8 1 28 19
Fair 31 26 34 51 31 28 26 7 26 27
Good 37 38 20 22 36 53 49 70 23 40
Excellent 10 15 5 6 13 7 17 22 14 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 1 10 1 2 4 3 0 11 10
Poor 14 14 18 9 10 5 8 3 30 22
Fair 37 24 43 61 31 28 29 12 33 42
Good 37 51 25 19 40 57 52 84 23 24
Excellent 7 10 4 10 17 6 8 1 3 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 12 7
Poor 7 2 10 1 6 3 2 5 13 14
Fair 36 32 41 46 23 51 29 14 33 39
Good 52 56 44 42 66 46 65 81 42 37
Excellent 3 9 1 11 4 0 4 0 0 3
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
Short 5 4 2 9 6 3 4 1 9 7
Adequate 87 90 92 76 72 86 86 97 91 93
Surplus 8 6 6 13 22 9 10 2 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
Short 5 0 0 1 0 4 4 3 14 36
Adequate 88 91 60 94 97 95 94 96 85 63
Surplus 7 9 40 5 3 1 1 1 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 11 0 0 1 0 1 5 2 53 7
Poor 11 0 8 6 7 10 11 12 20 48
Fair 29 30 29 33 34 31 32 30 18 39
Good 40 52 46 48 44 50 51 52 9 6
Excellent 9 18 17 12 15 8 1 4 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.39 0.75 0.39 0.41 0.25 0.21 0.58 0.65 0.20 0.09