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Week Ending July 11, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Although general rainfall over most of the State slowed fieldwork, some areas missed some much needed precipitation. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 10 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. While improvement was seen in topsoil moisture, the south-central and southeast districts still reported at least 66 percent short to very short. The biggest improvement was seen in the southwest district, which went from 64 percent short to very short to 95 percent adequate to surplus in a week’s time. The increase in topsoil moisture led to an improvement of all crops in the district.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 60 percent complete, nearly a week ahead of last year, but similar to the 5-year average (normal). Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 14 percent excellent, a similar to a week earlier. Ninety-seven percent of the soybean acreage has emerged, 3 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Soybean blooming and beyond was 21 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year, but a day behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, slightly worse than last week. Cotton squaring reached 78 percent, 5 days ahead of a year earlier, but 2 days behind normal. Cotton setting bolls and beyond was 32 percent complete, up 16 points from a week earlier. This is 9 days ahead of last year and just over 2 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Rice is 7 percent headed, which is 5 days ahead of normal. Rice condition remained unchanged from a week earlier at 3 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 60 good, and 25 percent excellent. Sorghum headed and beyond moved to 14 percent complete, a week ahead of last year and slightly ahead of normal. Sorghum is just beginning to turn color in the Bootheel. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 13 percent excellent, a big improvement from a week earlier. Winter wheat harvest was 98 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of normal. Harvest in the northwest district is behind the rest of the State, with 81 percent complete. The second cutting of alfalfa was 64 percent complete, up 13 points from last week, and the third cutting of alfalfa was at 5 percent complete. The progress of both crops was similar to normal, but ahead of last year. Other hay was 80 percent cut, similar to last year, but 5 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 12 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. This year, 51 percent was rated good to excellent, compared with 65 percent last year and 41 percent for the 5-year average.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 3 degrees below normal throughout the State. Rainfall averaged 1.96 inches Statewide. The west-central district received the most rainfall with 3.13 inches while the southeast district averaged less than an inch. Boone county reported the most precipitation with 6.89 inches of rainfall.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 11, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.7 3.8 2.1 2.5 0.8 3.9 4.8 5.0 5.8 5.6
Last Year 5.0 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.7 4.2 6.3 6.7 6.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 7 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 29 40
Short 10 2 2 1 0 2 29 5 41 26
Adequate 68 85 78 86 61 77 62 94 30 34
Surplus 15 13 20 13 39 21 6 1 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 60 40 57 44 60 76 68 99 90 96
Last Year 45 48 36 22 26 33 32 48 42 85
Normal 59                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 21 24 17 19 12 19 19 16 11 30
Last Year 15 18 18 9 11 13 11 1 16 18
Normal 23                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 14 1 2 0 22 27 4 15 27 28
Last Year 4 3 18 1 5 8 3 3 14 3
Normal 12                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 98 81 97 99 95 100 93 98 97 100
Last Year 95 94 90 92 96 92 88 97 98 99
Normal 92                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 64 45 40 35 79 78 77 98 100 100
Last Year 57 44 21 36 72 67 73 76 93 92
Normal 66                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 80 79 60 61 78 84 88 91 92 94
Last Year 81 79 57 51 75 85 85 92 91 97
Normal 84                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 6 14 5 3 4 0 0 8 11
Poor 16 18 25 19 11 6 10 1 28 22
Fair 28 24 37 50 24 25 22 5 27 26
Good 36 31 19 22 49 58 46 40 21 33
Excellent 14 21 5 4 13 7 22 54 16 8
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 12 3 1 4 3 0 8 11
Poor 15 17 18 12 3 5 7 2 33 26
Fair 35 23 43 51 29 34 28 11 33 38
Good 36 42 22 26 45 52 54 76 23 23
Excellent 8 13 5 8 22 5 8 11 3 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 14 7
Poor 7 3 11 3 4 3 1 4 1 15
Fair 30 19 44 37 19 31 27 13 43 39
Good 48 66 41 48 69 66 70 23 42 36
Excellent 13 11 1 12 7 0 2 60 0 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 12 0 0 1 0 1 7 4 59 13
Poor 9 1 10 2 1 8 13 13 18 33
Fair 28 33 33 34 34 31 32 17 13 37
Good 41 47 50 45 47 54 41 45 10 17
Excellent 10 19 7 18 18 6 7 21 0 0
Average Precipitation 1.96 1.32 2.29 1.94 3.13 2.90 1.55 1.73 1.50 0.95