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Week Ending July 25, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Heavy rains and flooding across the northeast caused damage while the southern third of the State remained fairly dry. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 5 percent very short, 13 percent short, 63 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Topsoil moisture in the north-central and northeast districts went from 10 percent to 38 percent surplus and 27 percent to 74 percent surplus, respectively, while the southeast district went from 43 percent to 55 percent short to very short this week.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 88 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). Thirty-seven percent of the corn was in the dough stage, just over 5 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Corn in the dough stage in the east-central, southwest, and south-central districts advanced 30 points or more this week. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Soybean blooming and beyond was 52 percent complete, just over 4 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. Eighteen percent of the soybeans were setting pods, a week ahead of last year and just ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, similar to last week. Cotton squaring was virtually complete. Cotton setting bolls and beyond was 85 percent complete, up 33 points from a week earlier. This is 20 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition, virtually unchanged from last week, was rated 3 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice was 38 percent headed, up 20 points from a week earlier. This is 24 days ahead of last year and a week ahead of normal. Rice condition, similar to last week, was rated 3 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 31 percent excellent. Sorghum headed and beyond moved to 37 percent complete, just over a week ahead of last year, but 2 days behind normal. Six percent of the sorghum was turning color, 8 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Sorghum condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Although this is similar to a week earlier at a State level, sorghum conditions in the northwest and central districts were rated at least 14 points higher in the good to excellent categories. The second cutting of alfalfa was 86 percent complete. This is 3 days ahead of last year, but just behind normal. The northwest and north-central districts made significant progress, up 30 and 15 points from a week earlier, respectively. The third cutting of alfalfa, up 12 points, was 28 percent complete. This is just over 14 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. The southwest district made the greatest progress, up 39 points from last week. Other hay was 89 percent cut, similar to last year, but 6 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, similar to last week. This year, 53 percent was rated good to excellent, compared with 66 percent last year and 38 percent for the 5-year average. Pasture condition in the south-central and southeast districts improved, and were rated 54 percent and 27 percent poor to very poor compared with 66 percent and 48 percent last week, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 2 to 5 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 2.09 inches Statewide. The northeast district received the most rainfall with 6.13 inches while districts in the southern third of the State averaged less than an inch. Adair and Shelby counties reported the most precipitation with 10.09 and 9.65 inches of rainfall, respectively.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 25, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.3 4.7 2.3 1.1 5.0 3.9 4.3 6.5 6.0 6.0
Last Year 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.0 5.6 4.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 5 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 15 26
Short 13 2 6 0 0 12 19 25 34 29
Adequate 63 89 56 26 84 74 74 73 51 45
Surplus 19 9 38 74 16 14 5 0 0 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 37 20 20 27 22 46 48 61 70 87
Last Year 21 17 10 4 24 16 13 26 31 56
Normal 32                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 52 59 35 54 43 61 54 37 57 61
Last Year 41 45 44 35 28 46 32 8 28 51
Normal 50                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 18 27 9 5 9 19 18 14 16 33
Last Year 8 8 4 1 6 7 1 5 2 17
Normal 16                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 37 20 10 15 56 47 25 39 69 58
Last Year 25 26 29 7 20 31 26 37 34 32
Normal 42                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 86 90 70 66 97 96 93 100 100 100
Last Year 83 81 53 79 93 93 96 100 100 100
Normal 87                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 28 26 4 9 23 42 26 64 65 49
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 19                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 89 88 83 80 85 91 98 96 97 96
Last Year 89 90 76 80 84 91 94 96 96 100
Normal 92                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 17 4 2 4 0 0 0 9
Poor 15 16 25 20 10 7 11 1 18 18
Fair 29 24 36 44 22 30 19 6 27 25
Good 40 33 21 27 54 53 51 85 39 43
Excellent 10 22 1 5 12 6 19 8 16 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 3 10 4 1 2 5 0 0 9
Poor 12 8 20 11 5 5 9 3 9 19
Fair 35 27 41 49 25 35 28 12 21 37
Good 39 47 26 27 50 53 49 79 66 31
Excellent 8 15 3 9 19 5 9 6 4 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 13 9
Poor 7 1 10 2 6 4 2 5 0 16
Fair 28 19 42 40 15 25 29 14 9 36
Good 49 68 45 47 65 68 65 21 78 37
Excellent 13 11 0 11 13 3 4 60 0 2
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 0 1 0 1 3 6 37 3
Poor 10 3 7 5 2 9 11 17 17 24
Fair 31 34 29 43 36 29 34 23 25 67
Good 45 53 50 36 46 55 51 50 21 6
Excellent 8 10 14 15 16 6 1 4 0 0
Average Precipitation 2.09 1.11 3.80 6.13 1.93 2.19 2.00 0.47 0.96 0.76