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Week Ending August 1, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Continued wet conditions in the north slowed haying progress while the south-central district and Bootheel remained abnormally dry. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. The northeast district had 1.6 days where as the southern third of the State reported 6 days or more suitable. Topsoil moisture was rated 6 percent very short, 18 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. While little change was seen in much of the State from the previous week, topsoil moisture in the southwest and south-central districts was rated at least 20 points lower in the adequate to surplus categories. Subsoil moisture was rated 4 percent very short, 13 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. The south-central and southeast districts continued to be the driest in the State with subsoil moisture rated at 72 percent and 40 percent short to very short.

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 92 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year, but similar to the 5-year average (normal). Fifty-three percent of the corn was in the dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year and just ahead of normal. Corn in the dough stage in the northwest and southwest districts advanced 28 points or more this week. The corn crop was 10 percent dented, a day ahead of last year, but 2 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, slightly worse than a week earlier. Soybean blooming and beyond was 66 percent complete, just over 3 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Thirty percent of the soybeans were setting pods, just over 6 days ahead of last year, but also similar to normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, similar to last week. Cotton setting bolls was 98 percent complete, 24 days ahead of last year and 20 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition, virtually unchanged from last week, was rated 3 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice was 60 percent headed, up 22 points from a week earlier. This is 24 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal. Rice condition, similar to last week, was rated 3 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 32 percent excellent. Sorghum headed and beyond moved to 55 percent complete, just over 9 days ahead of last year, but a day behind normal. Ten percent of the sorghum was turning color, 10 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, slightly worse than a week earlier. The second cutting of alfalfa was 87 percent complete. This is 3 days behind last year and a week behind normal. The third cutting of alfalfa, up 10 points, was 38 percent complete. This is just over 11 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. The southeast district made the greatest progress, up 45 points from last week. Other hay was 93 percent cut, similar to last year, but 3 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 12 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, slightly worse than last week. A great decline was seen in the south-central district, which went from 54 percent to 70 percent poor to very poor this week. Supplies of hay and other roughages were rated 11 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. The greatest shortage of hay was seen in the south-central district, which reported 34 percent short to very short, whereas the remainder of the State had 14 percent or less short to very short. Stock water supplies were rated 7 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 5 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 1.04 inches Statewide. The north-central and northeast districts received the most precipitation with 1.63 and 1.64 inches of rainfall, respectively, whereas the southeast district received 0.53 of an inch. Audrain and Pulaski counties reported over 4 inches of rainfall during the week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 1, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 5.4 3.5 1.6 5.7 4.4 4.9 6.7 6.1 6.0
Last Year 5.3 5.8 4.8 5.8 5.6 6.2 4.3 6.2 4.9 4.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 6 0 0 0 0 3 5 5 27 18
Short 18 4 3 0 8 12 19 42 44 38
Adequate 60 93 71 30 83 64 70 53 29 44
Surplus 16 3 26 70 9 21 6 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 25 11
Short 13 0 1 0 8 4 15 18 47 29
Adequate 72 93 78 61 85 88 75 80 28 59
Surplus 11 7 21 39 7 8 9 0 0 1
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 53 48 28 40 41 64 74 93 77 80
Last Year 42 41 24 20 42 49 28 52 56 76
Normal 52                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 66 63 60 65 66 68 72 77 62 71
Last Year 58 71 62 45 44 72 47 23 43 63
Normal 65                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 55 22 21 52 76 52 47 86 74 67
Last Year 36 38 33 11 25 48 37 40 44 53
Normal 58                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 38 29 9 12 29 47 37 86 82 94
Last Year 13 12 5 5 17 21 3 12 31 12
Normal 34                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 93 93 85 83 94 92 98 99 99 99
Last Year 93 95 83 87 87 94 97 99 98 100
Normal 95                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 7 7 17 7 1 5 1 0 1 13
Poor 16 21 22 23 9 6 7 1 21 21
Fair 29 27 36 39 20 27 29 7 30 25
Good 38 27 20 24 54 56 53 84 32 36
Excellent 10 18 5 7 16 6 10 8 16 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 2 11 4 1 2 2 0 10 12
Poor 15 14 22 16 4 4 8 4 18 23
Fair 31 29 36 45 22 26 27 13 20 30
Good 40 47 24 25 49 62 52 82 48 30
Excellent 8 8 7 10 24 6 11 1 4 5
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 14 7
Poor 7 1 11 2 4 3 2 5 0 15
Fair 32 21 40 40 12 44 33 15 9 35
Good 55 72 44 41 74 50 60 80 77 43
Excellent 4 5 1 17 9 3 5 0 0 0
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Short 11 9 8 14 4 7 0 2 34 9
Adequate 75 84 75 56 63 77 80 94 66 91
Surplus 14 7 16 30 33 15 20 4 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 7 0 1 0 0 4 7 23 43 43
Adequate 84 94 82 69 83 92 93 77 57 57
Surplus 9 6 17 31 17 4 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 12 0 1 0 0 1 3 7 54 5
Poor 10 0 8 6 2 10 9 18 16 18
Fair 26 13 27 44 33 20 28 22 23 73
Good 41 70 47 34 45 50 53 49 7 4
Excellent 11 17 17 16 20 19 7 4 0 0
Average Precipitation 1.04 0.79 1.63 1.64 0.53 1.38 1.21 0.48 0.81 0.53