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Week Ending August 8, 2010

Agricultural Summary

A lack of precipitation during the week widened the area affected by abnormally dry conditions in the southeastern part of the state. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. All districts reported more than 6 days suitable except the east-central district where 5.8 days were reported. Topsoil moisture was rated 12 percent very short, 28 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, a sharp decline from a week earlier. Supplies continued to be most deficient in the south-central and southeast districts where reporters indicated topsoil moisture supplies were 78 and 84 percent short to very short compared with 71 and 56 percent a week earlier.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking was 95 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year, but 2 days behind the 5-year average (normal). Sixty-five percent of the corn was in the dough stage or beyond, 6 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. The corn crop was 26 percent dented, over 4 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Soybean blooming and beyond was 77 percent complete, just over 3 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Forty-four percent of the soybeans were setting pods, slightly over 6 days ahead of last year, but also similar to normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, similar to a week ago. Bolls had set on virtually all the cotton, 26 days ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, a decline in condition from a week earlier. Rice was 76 percent headed. This is 25 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 8 days ahead of normal. Rice condition improved from last week and was rated 3 percent poor, 8 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 32 percent excellent. Sorghum headed and beyond advanced rapidly to 77 percent complete, just over 13 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Twenty-eight percent of the sorghum was turning color, 16 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Sorghum was beginning to mature in the south-central and southeast. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, an improvement from a week earlier. The second cutting of alfalfa was 93 percent complete. This is the same as last year but nearly a week behind normal. The third cutting of alfalfa was 52 percent complete. This is just over 10 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Other hay was 95 percent cut, similar to last year, but 6 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, a slight decline than last week. Conditions in the southeast part of the state rapidly worsened due to the lack of rainfall.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 2 to 5 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.25 of an inch Statewide. The southwest district received the most precipitation with 0.64 of an inch of rainfall while reporters in the Bootheel indicated no precipitation was received in any of its counties. Miller, Jefferson and Camden counties reported the most precipitation with each receiving 1.24 inches or more.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 8, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.3 7.0 6.6 5.8 6.2 6.6 6.9
Last Year 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.5 6.5 6.6 6.1 7.0 5.7 4.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 12 0 1 1 0 7 8 9 42 44
Short 28 17 22 9 40 25 23 49 36 40
Adequate 56 79 68 75 59 68 64 42 22 16
Surplus 4 4 9 15 1 0 5 0 0 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 65 51 46 55 55 78 80 98 97 89
Last Year 56 53 30 37 55 70 37 86 71 87
Normal 70                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 77 69 64 82 78 84 75 85 86 83
Last Year 73 87 79 61 64 80 55 38 48 78
Normal 77                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 77 83 42 78 85 67 84 98 86 82
Last Year 52 44 35 26 48 51 40 80 62 69
Normal 71                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 93 96 76 91 100 100 95 100 100 100
Last Year 94 96 77 90 100 100 99 100 100 100
Normal 96                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 52 41 18 29 56 71 55 97 90 96
Last Year 27 19 9 10 29 32 19 35 65 71
Normal 49                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 95 94 90 91 96 95 99 100 100 100
Last Year 95 96 90 91 91 97 99 99 98 100
Normal 97                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 6 15 6 1 4 1 0 2 10
Poor 16 17 23 23 8 11 5 2 22 20
Fair 29 24 41 41 25 27 23 6 30 27
Good 39 38 18 23 53 49 52 84 32 39
Excellent 10 15 3 7 13 9 19 8 14 4
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 3 8 3 1 2 4 0 9 13
Poor 15 11 23 9 3 6 10 4 10 27
Fair 33 28 39 52 19 21 30 37 21 31
Good 39 47 25 27 56 65 53 59 50 26
Excellent 7 11 5 9 21 6 3 0 10 3
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 1 0 2 0 12 7
Poor 8 2 10 1 3 8 5 6 0 16
Fair 28 19 41 48 6 13 34 13 8 39
Good 59 73 44 39 88 76 54 81 80 38
Excellent 3 5 2 12 2 3 5 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 11 0 2 2 0 1 3 9 49 8
Poor 11 3 8 7 6 10 6 17 20 49
Fair 31 14 34 45 51 33 35 20 20 42
Good 40 68 46 38 34 49 52 46 11 1
Excellent 7 15 10 8 9 7 4 8 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.25 0.15 0.10 0.03 0.14 0.44 0.40 0.64 0.22 0.00