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Week Ending August 15, 2010

Agricultural Summary

While scattered rains were welcomed by many areas, extremely hot and dry conditions persisted throughout most of the week. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. All districts reported more than 5.5 days suitable except the north-central district where 4.8 days were reported. Topsoil moisture was rated 13 percent very short, 28 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, similar to last week. Supplies continued to be most deficient in the south-central and southeast districts where reporters indicated topsoil moisture supplies were 68 and 92 percent short to very short compared with 78 and 84 percent a week earlier.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking was virtually complete. Seventy-seven percent of the corn was in the dough stage or beyond, just over 6 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind the 5-year average (normal). The corn crop was 42 percent dented, 4 days ahead of last year, but just over 3 days behind normal. Corn maturing was 5 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Soybean blooming and beyond was 86 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year but similar to normal. Fifty-eight percent of the soybeans were setting pods, 5 days ahead of last year but slightly behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, slightly better than a week ago. Cotton opening bolls was 6 percent complete, just over 18 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. Cotton condition deteriorated this week and was rated 12 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. A week earlier, cotton was rated 26 percent poor to very poor compared with 36 percent this week. Rice was 90 percent headed. This is 28 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 11 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 3 percent poor, 11 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 30 percent excellent, similar to last week. Sorghum headed and beyond was 80 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year but similar to normal. Thirty-three percent of the sorghum was turning color, 11 days ahead of last year and a day ahead of normal. Sorghum maturing was 2 percent complete, 9 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. The second cutting of alfalfa was 97 percent complete. This is the same as last year but 3 days behind normal. The third cutting of alfalfa was 61 percent complete. This is a week ahead of last year but similar to normal. Other hay was 96 percent cut, 3 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition, similar to a week earlier, was rated 9 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Conditions in the south-central and southeast districts continue to be the poorest due to the lack of rainfall, and were rated 65 and 76 percent poor to very poor, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 6 to 9 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.94 of an inch Statewide. The northeast district received the most precipitation with 1.54 inches of rainfall while reporters in the south-central district indicated less than a half an inch of precipitation. Schuyler county reported the most precipitation having received 4.41 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 15, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.0 6.1 4.8 5.5 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.2
Last Year 5.4 5.5 4.0 4.7 5.1 4.8 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 13 2 3 1 2 10 9 2 43 54
Short 28 19 17 13 46 26 19 61 25 38
Adequate 55 76 73 67 52 62 68 37 32 8
Surplus 4 3 7 19 0 2 4 0 0 0
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 42 29 24 26 40 40 43 94 86 91
Last Year 32 31 13 13 24 46 15 35 46 68
Normal 50                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 58 57 58 51 47 57 63 65 68 67
Last Year 47 54 62 34 41 53 31 19 22 55
Normal 60                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 33 14 4 26 54 11 18 70 76 50
Last Year 15 2 3 2 15 12 1 4 39 36
Normal 31                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 61 55 25 50 78 78 72 98 95 97
Last Year 44 41 12 20 48 57 49 58 82 83
Normal 61                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 96 95 94 94 98 97 100 100 100 100
Last Year 98 98 93 94 95 98 100 100 100 100
Normal 98                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 5 6 10 3 2 4 1 0 2 12
Poor 16 18 21 21 10 11 5 2 21 19
Fair 30 27 41 41 28 25 25 6 30 28
Good 40 35 23 25 51 54 49 84 32 38
Excellent 9 14 5 10 9 6 20 8 15 3
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 3 6 2 1 2 4 0 9 17
Poor 14 12 17 9 6 5 7 3 10 29
Fair 31 27 39 48 24 26 14 37 15 29
Good 41 48 30 29 58 61 64 59 56 23
Excellent 8 10 8 12 11 6 11 1 10 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 2 0 1 0 14 8
Poor 7 1 9 1 7 5 4 5 0 19
Fair 30 23 39 39 19 37 24 13 1 39
Good 55 70 45 42 54 56 65 82 78 34
Excellent 6 5 4 18 18 2 6 0 7 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 9 0 6 2 0 3 3 6 46 15
Poor 11 4 10 5 9 8 6 14 19 61
Fair 33 31 32 40 54 28 37 38 18 23
Good 40 58 44 39 34 50 48 36 17 1
Excellent 7 7 8 14 3 11 6 6 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.94 1.16 1.45 1.54 0.96 0.82 0.99 0.61 0.45 0.66