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Week Ending August 22, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Harvest began in the southern districts while the extreme dry conditions continue to advance maturity ahead of last season and cause crop deterioration. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Both the southwest and south-central districts reported a full week suitable. Topsoil moisture was rated 15 percent very short, 24 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus, a slight improvement over a week earlier due to weekend rains. Supplies in the southeast improved and went from 8 to 30 percent adequate to surplus; however, the southwest and south-central districts saw a decline in supplies, with 85 and 96 percent short to very short compared with 63 and 68 percent last week.

Field Crops Report

Eighty-three percent of the corn was in the dough stage or beyond, just over 3 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind the 5-year average (normal). The corn crop was 57 percent dented, just over 3 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind normal. Corn maturing was 16 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind normal. Corn harvest is beginning in the southern third of the State. Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Soybean blooming and beyond was 90 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind normal. Sixty-nine percent of the soybeans have set pods, 3 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. Soybeans turning color was 2 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, slightly poorer than a week ago. Cotton opening bolls was 14 percent complete, just over 18 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 12 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week. Rice was 96 percent headed, 30 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 13 days ahead of normal. Rice harvest is just beginning at 3 percent complete, 10 days ahead of both last year and normal. Rice condition was rated 3 percent poor, 8 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 32 percent excellent, slightly better than a week earlier. Sorghum headed and beyond was 91 percent complete, 13 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Fifty percent of the sorghum was turning color, 14 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Sorghum maturing was 5 percent complete, 4 days ahead of last year, but similar to normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. The third cutting of alfalfa was 84 percent complete Statewide while complete in the southern districts. This is 2 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Other hay was 98 percent cut, 5 days behind last year and 7 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition deteriorated to be rated 15 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. While conditions in the southeast district improved to 55 from 76 percent poor to very poor, conditions in the southwest and south-central districts went from 20 and 65 percent to 46 and 96 percent poor to very poor, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 4 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 1.32 inches Statewide, mostly being received at week’s end. The central district received the most precipitation with 2.22 inches of rainfall while reporters in the south-central district indicated less than a tenth an inch of precipitation. Randolph county reported the most precipitation having received 5.18 inches.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 22, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.8 5.2 5.0 5.5 6.4 5.3 5.3 7.0 7.0 6.1
Last Year 3.8 3.5 2.0 1.4 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.4 5.8 5.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 15 0 0 0 4 3 6 21 74 50
Short 24 9 6 1 52 17 19 64 22 20
Adequate 52 83 84 70 39 61 70 15 4 30
Surplus 9 8 10 29 5 19 5 0 0 0
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 57 32 37 50 57 55 79 99 92 99
Last Year 49 56 29 20 46 70 25 51 59 81
Normal 65                  
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 16 3 5 4 12 3 6 63 41 66
Last Year 6 5 7 1 4 5 3 15 6 12
Normal 21                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 69 58 62 75 68 69 65 80 95 75
Last Year 63 76 65 49 68 59 34 38 33 72
Normal 74                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 2 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 6
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 3                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 50 24 14 48 57 24 59 83 90 67
Last Year 25 16 6 4 27 22 4 9 51 56
Normal 43                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 84 71 51 84 94 83 90 100 100 100
Last Year 61 66 26 31 72 62 67 89 87 94
Normal 71                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 7 6 18 1 3 4 1 0 9 16
Poor 16 16 25 24 7 10 8 2 57 26
Fair 27 23 34 43 23 25 34 11 34 20
Good 41 41 18 25 54 54 52 79 0 31
Excellent 9 14 5 7 13 7 5 8 0 7
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 8 3 11 1 2 2 10 0 10 22
Poor 16 12 27 9 9 5 18 3 20 30
Fair 31 29 31 53 22 26 29 52 50 21
Good 37 47 23 26 48 61 37 44 20 23
Excellent 8 9 8 11 19 6 6 1 0 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 1 0 2 0 20 9
Poor 8 1 9 1 6 6 7 4 0 20
Fair 28 13 38 46 15 26 40 14 80 32
Good 57 78 43 41 70 66 45 82 0 39
Excellent 5 7 7 12 8 2 6 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 15 0 7 1 0 2 3 15 74 20
Poor 13 7 17 3 8 7 7 29 18 35
Fair 29 32 28 45 45 28 36 28 6 34
Good 37 51 47 41 33 58 53 22 2 11
Excellent 6 10 1 10 14 5 1 6 0 0
Average Precipitation 1.32 1.55 1.68 1.48 1.11 2.22 1.90 0.06 0.40 0.73