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Week Ending August 29, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Sparse rainfall across the state allowed farmers to complete hay harvest and begin to harvest corn for silage. Precipitation is needed to fill out soybean pods and revive pastures. Insect and disease pressures are increasing as crops are stressed by the heat and dry conditions. Corn and soybean conditions are similar to normal but rice and sorghum conditions are above average. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. The continued dry weather caused topsoil moisture supplies to decline to 18 percent very short, 28 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 27 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus. The southern third of the state is suffering most from the lack of rain and soil moisture supplies were reported as 76 to 97 percent very short to short in those counties.

Field Crops Report

The percentage of corn in the dough stage or beyond reached 92 percent, 3 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind the 5-year average (normal). The corn crop was 75 percent dented, a week ahead of last year, but a day behind normal. Corn was 34 percent mature, 15 days ahead of last year but virtually the same as normal. Eight percent of the corn had been harvested, 16 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Ninety-six percent of the soybean crop was blooming or beyond, 3 days ahead of last year but a day behind normal. Eighty-six percent of the soybeans have set pods, 8 days ahead of last year but virtually the same as normal. Soybeans turning color was 7 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. Leaves have dropped on 2 percent of the soybean crop, mostly in the Bootheel. Soybean condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, basically unchanged from last week. Bolls had opened on 33 percent of the cotton crop, 21 days ahead of last year and over 6 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, similar to last week. Rice harvest reached 12 percent complete, 11 days ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 1 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 32 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Sorghum headed and beyond was 95 percent complete, 13 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Sixty-five percent of the sorghum was turning color, 16 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Sorghum maturing reached 18 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Harvest of sorghum began in the Bootheel. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. The third cutting of alfalfa was 86 percent complete Statewide with little progress being made except in the northwest district. This is 8 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition deteriorated slightly from a week earlier to 15 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Hay and other roughage supplies were rated 6 percent very short, 9 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus. Hay stocks are shortest in the south-central district where supplies were 56 percent very short to short. Stock water supplies were reported as 3 percent very short, 14 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 2 to 4 degrees below normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.02 of an inch Statewide with only 5 counties reporting any rainfall. Scotland county reported 1.25 inches for the week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 29, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.7 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.5 6.9
Last Year 5.6 5.1 4.6 4.1 6.4 6.0 5.2 6.5 6.9 6.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 18 2 0 0 17 6 12 52 61 51
Short 28 26 8 15 51 26 29 43 29 34
Adequate 51 69 86 79 29 64 58 5 10 15
Surplus 3 3 6 6 3 4 1 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 14 0 0 0 9 5 9 49 61 28
Short 27 16 4 8 52 24 22 48 27 48
Adequate 56 78 92 83 39 68 69 3 12 23
Surplus 3 6 4 9 0 3 0 0 0 1
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 34 15 18 14 42 19 31 92 54 97
Last Year 12 7 9 4 8 8 7 25 21 40
Normal 35                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 86 83 76 85 86 88 84 94 96 93
Last Year 79 90 82 61 80 75 63 72 67 83
Normal 85                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 65 66 16 56 95 34 61 94 92 92
Last Year 40 20 18 7 39 28 13 39 79 80
Normal 55                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 6 13 5 3 4 1 0 5 10
Poor 16 19 22 23 8 10 5 5 17 21
Fair 30 24 41 38 23 27 27 13 25 30
Good 38 36 18 25 53 52 49 80 36 34
Excellent 10 15 6 9 13 7 18 2 17 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 7 3 10 3 4 3 3 0 10 15
Poor 16 12 25 9 12 6 8 37 10 23
Fair 32 25 38 48 29 26 21 57 14 30
Good 36 49 21 26 38 58 61 6 56 28
Excellent 9 11 6 14 17 7 7 0 10 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 7
Poor 8 1 11 1 6 6 3 5 9 16
Fair 30 43 46 44 14 26 27 16 12 36
Good 56 45 39 42 76 66 64 79 73 39
Excellent 4 10 1 13 3 2 5 0 6 2
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 6 1 2 1 0 1 0 1 45 5
Short 9 14 6 5 2 16 1 7 11 14
Adequate 71 77 71 76 60 78 84 80 40 81
Surplus 14 8 21 18 38 5 15 12 4 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 3 0 0 0 0 3 0 4 16 7
Short 14 4 0 1 9 7 4 26 49 70
Adequate 81 89 97 88 91 89 96 69 35 23
Surplus 2 7 3 11 0 1 0 1 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 15 0 8 2 9 4 4 32 57 33
Poor 16 8 16 7 19 8 8 45 14 39
Fair 30 28 32 42 40 29 38 23 18 27
Good 32 54 33 39 18 54 43 0 11 1
Excellent 7 10 11 10 14 5 7 0 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00