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Week Ending September 5, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Continued hot, dry weather in the southeast is advancing maturity of crops well beyond the normal maturation rate. Rains in the southwest and south-central regions should alleviate some of the drought conditions. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 13 percent very short, 16 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, an improvement from last week. On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest is rated 14 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. The northwest and southeast districts reported 20 percent or more short.

Field Crops Report

The percentage of corn in the dough stage or beyond reached 97 percent, 10 days ahead of last year but similar to the 5-year average (normal). The corn crop was 88 percent dented, 13 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Corn was 51 percent mature, just over 14 days ahead of last year and slightly ahead of normal. Sixteen percent of the corn had been harvested, 19 days ahead of last year and just over 2 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, unchanged from week earlier. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 13.8 percent and 23.8 percent with a State average of 18.4 percent. Ninety-four percent of the soybeans had set pods and beyond, 8 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Soybeans turning color was 17 percent complete, just over of 4 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. Leaves have dropped on 5 percent of the soybean crop, 4 days ahead of last year but a day behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Bolls have opened on 71 percent of the cotton crop, up 38 points from last week. This is over 33 days ahead of last year and 17 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, similar to last week. Rice harvest reached 23 percent complete, 19 days ahead of last year and just over 11 days ahead of normal. Rice condition was rated 2 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 32 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. Eighty percent of the sorghum was turning color, 17 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of normal. Sorghum maturing reached 35 percent complete, over 18 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Sorghum harvested was 6 percent complete, 21 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. The third cutting of alfalfa was 92 percent complete Statewide. This is a week ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition, similar to a week earlier, was rated 16 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. This year, the pasture condition is rated 39 percent good to excellent, compared with 69 percent last year and 34 percent for the 5-year average.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 3 degrees below normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 2.51 inches Statewide. The southeast district reported the least amount of precipitation with only 0.26 of an inch while the southwest district reported 5.47 inches of rainfall. Christian county reported 9.1 inches for the week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 5, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.7 5.2 4.1 4.5 2.8 4.1 4.5 4.4 5.2 6.6
Last Year 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.7 4.8 5.3 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.5
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 13 0 0 0 0 1 7 0 57 56
Short 16 9 6 11 0 10 24 35 25 34
Adequate 67 88 88 84 83 82 68 65 18 10
Surplus 4 3 6 5 17 7 1 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 51 26 24 31 67 44 52 98 74 100
Last Year 21 12 27 8 17 16 11 41 27 59
Normal 48                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 17 20 11 17 8 8 28 11 42 25
Last Year 8 10 9 6 5 5 5 0 7 14
Normal 21                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 35 11 5 18 55 13 14 72 66 57
Last Year 13 1 5 1 10 6 2 12 27 29
Normal 24                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 92 93 60 92 99 98 99 100 100 100
Last Year 84 92 60 67 88 90 96 100 98 98
Normal 87                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 15 3 4 4 1 0 4 11
Poor 16 17 24 24 8 12 5 4 25 21
Fair 30 26 42 42 24 32 27 16 28 27
Good 38 40 17 25 52 46 49 52 29 35
Excellent 10 12 2 6 12 6 18 28 14 6
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 3 9 2 4 3 1 0 12 16
Poor 15 12 29 9 11 7 9 11 11 23
Fair 32 27 42 47 29 25 21 54 13 26
Good 38 49 16 27 37 58 62 34 54 29
Excellent 9 9 4 15 19 7 7 1 10 6
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 3 0 1 0 1 0 12 8
Poor 8 1 11 0 6 6 3 5 6 19
Fair 28 24 47 44 16 24 27 16 8 33
Good 58 69 39 42 69 68 64 79 68 37
Excellent 4 5 0 14 8 2 5 0 6 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 16 0 6 1 4 2 2 15 62 40
Poor 13 5 15 3 16 8 9 23 15 42
Fair 32 28 29 42 41 31 38 43 16 17
Good 33 64 40 42 24 54 44 14 7 1
Excellent 6 3 10 12 15 5 7 5 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 14 22 1 17 15 2 7 9 6 20
Adequate 82 74 96 72 84 97 87 89 92 80
Surplus 4 4 3 11 1 1 6 2 2 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 18.4 16.8 21.55 23.79 17.81 17.88 18.08 13.78 14.61 16.45
Average Precipitation 2.51 2.98 1.81 1.29 3.41 2.91 1.59 5.47 2.37 0.26