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Week Ending September 26, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Rainfall this past week kept many farmers out of their fields and created muddy conditions which slowed harvest and delayed wheat planting. There were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Most of the State had less than 3.3 days suitable while the Bootheel had nearly 7 days. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 35 percent surplus. Fall tillage has begun and was 7 percent complete, nearly a month ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest was rated 16 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. The northeast district reported 36 percent short.

Field Crops Report

Corn maturity reached 90 percent Statewide, 16 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of normal. Forty-two percent of the corn has been harvested, 26 days ahead of last year but similar to normal. Many producers in the Bootheel have finished harvesting corn as the average moved to 94 percent complete this week. Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 14.9 percent and 17.8 percent with a State average of 17.0 percent. Soybeans turning color was 75 percent complete, over 4 days ahead of last year but slightly behind normal. Leaves have dropped on 44 percent of the soybean crop, as mature soybeans reached 17 percent, 2 days ahead of last year but more than 2 days behind normal. Soybean harvest was 4 percent complete, just ahead of last year, but similar to normal while condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Cotton continued to mature rapidly as bolls have opened on 95 percent of the crop, 40 days ahead of last year and over 22 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest advanced 21 points to reach 31 percent complete, 42 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 12 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 12 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, similar to last week. Rice harvest reached 83 percent complete, up 28 points from last week, advancing to 38 days ahead of last year and 19 days ahead of normal. Ninety-three percent of the sorghum has turned color, 10 days ahead of last year, while sorghum maturity reached 72 percent complete, more than 18 days ahead of last year and a week ahead of normal. Sorghum harvest was 25 percent complete, 23 days ahead of last year but similar to normal. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight improvement over a week earlier. Planting of winter wheat was 4 percent complete, 2 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind normal. Wheat is just beginning to emerge.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from a week earlier. An improvement was seen in the south-central district, where pasture condition was rated 54 percent poor to very poor compared with 71 percent last week. In the Bootheel, pasture condition fell to 87 percent poor to very poor, 10 points worse than a week earlier.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 4 to 8 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 1.69 inches Statewide. Mercer county received the most moisture with over 7.0 inches of rainfall. The Bootheel reported the least amount of precipitation with 0.11 of an inch while the north-central district reported 3.66 inches of rainfall. This area has received an average of only 3.59 inches over the past 4 weeks whereas all other districts have reported an average of at least 6.5 inches of rainfall.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 26, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.4 2.5 1.3 1.3 3.3 2.8 2.4 5.3 6.0 6.9
Last Year 3.9 5.2 4.9 2.5 4.9 3.1 1.9 5.2 4.3 3.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 20
Short 9 3 0 0 0 2 6 17 38 24
Adequate 54 61 47 43 52 51 56 67 58 54
Surplus 35 36 53 57 48 47 38 16 0 2
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 7 2 1 3 4 4 9 19 14 16
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 42 20 18 26 48 46 56 82 80 94
Last Year 18 6 18 3 18 14 11 25 38 61
Normal 43                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 17 15 20 20 15 8 26 7 36 24
Last Year 13 13 25 6 3 18 23 2 4 9
Normal 22                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 25 2 0 6 48 2 6 20 30 78
Last Year 6 0 3 0 8 4 1 2 29 15
Normal 26                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 4 2 0 2 2 5 5 5 15 7
Last Year 3 4 3 2 4 2 2 12 15 3
Normal 6                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 7 5 22 2 6 8 1 0 3 12
Poor 16 16 20 21 9 12 7 3 20 23
Fair 28 22 35 38 29 35 15 17 30 28
Good 39 38 22 30 47 42 59 74 32 31
Excellent 10 19 1 9 9 3 18 6 15 6
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 2 7 1 3 3 0 0 5 15
Poor 13 13 25 8 11 8 4 8 8 18
Fair 31 24 38 48 27 29 12 46 19 26
Good 41 51 22 28 42 54 75 46 58 34
Excellent 10 10 8 15 17 6 9 0 10 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 11 8
Poor 6 1 9 1 6 3 0 4 8 17
Fair 27 17 38 44 14 29 24 15 11 30
Good 60 74 43 42 73 66 68 81 65 42
Excellent 5 8 7 13 6 2 8 0 5 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 8 0 5 2 3 0 0 1 39 40
Poor 7 2 8 4 9 3 2 4 15 47
Fair 35 24 22 39 41 27 37 61 32 10
Good 41 61 51 38 28 64 52 30 14 3
Excellent 9 13 14 17 19 6 9 4 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 16 18 1 36 26 2 5 0 7 21
Adequate 82 79 97 57 73 98 89 100 91 79
Surplus 2 3 2 7 1 0 6 0 2 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 17 17.7 17.1 17.8 17.0 17.0 16.4 14.9 14.9 15.3
Last Year 19                  
Average Precipitation 1.69 2.75 3.66 1.98 1.42 2.02 0.94 1.17 0.61 0.11