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Week Ending October 3, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Fair weather conditions allowed farmers back into their fields for a very good week of harvest with 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 13 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. The south-central district and Bootheel reported nearly 70 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6 percent very short, 11 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Fall tillage was 18 percent complete, 36 days ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest was rated 19 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus, similar to a week earlier. The northeast and west-central districts reported 35 and 32 percent short, respectively.

Field Crops Report

Corn maturity reached 96 percent Statewide, 21 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal. Over half a million acres of corn were harvested last week, advancing harvest to sixty percent Statewide. This is 35 days ahead of last year and over 3 days ahead of normal. The north-central district progressed 28 points from last week as the average moved to 46 percent complete. Corn condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, down slightly from a week earlier. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 14.3 percent, down in the southwest district, and 17.4 percent with a State average of 16.4 percent. Soybeans turning color was 86 percent complete and leaves have dropped on 64 percent of the crop, 4 days ahead of last year but slightly behind normal. Soybean maturity reached 39 percent, 3 days ahead of last year but just behind the normal pace. Soybean harvest was 13 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year and similar to normal. Soybean condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Bolls have opened on nearly all of the cotton crop. Harvest progressed 19 points to reach 50 percent complete, nearly 40 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 2 weeks ahead of normal. Cotton condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Rice harvest was 93 percent complete, 37 days ahead of last year and 25 days ahead of normal. Ninety-six percent of the sorghum has turned color, 14 days ahead of last year, while sorghum has reached 81 percent maturity, more than 17 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Sorghum harvest was 43 percent complete, 32 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. The west-central, southwest, and south-central districts showed significant advancement. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, similar to last week. Planting of winter wheat was 11 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year but similar to normal. Two percent of the wheat crop has emerged, similar to last year but 2 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Supplies of hay and other roughages was rated 2 percent very short, 6 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus. The south-central district reported 22 percent short to very short. Stock water supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. The south-central district and Bootheel reported 40 and 18 percent short to very short, respectively. Both hay and water supplies have improved over the month of September.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 3 to 7 degrees below normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.02 of an inch Statewide as most of the state reported little to no precipitation. Of the counties that reported rainfall, Lewis county had the most with 0.60 of an inch, followed by Bollinger county which received about a third of an inch.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 3, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.4 6.2 6.2 5.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.7 6.8
Last Year 4.9 4.2 4.4 3.6 5.6 4.6 4.3 6.7 5.8 5.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 26 24
Short 13 6 1 2 3 3 23 6 41 45
Adequate 74 81 93 95 85 85 74 85 33 31
Surplus 8 12 6 3 12 12 3 9 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 45 14
Short 11 3 1 4 0 5 15 12 29 40
Adequate 78 80 94 83 100 90 83 88 26 46
Surplus 5 17 5 13 0 5 2 0 0 0
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 18 10 5 8 12 19 21 36 46 31
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 4                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 60 31 46 41 73 72 77 96 91 97
Last Year 27 12 25 6 28 34 27 47 49 72
Normal 54                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 13 7 6 14 13 15 20 3 23 18
Last Year 10 8 11 5 8 18 13 0 6 12
Normal 14                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 43 9 7 23 85 16 10 53 65 85
Last Year 12 3 6 1 18 5 2 3 39 36
Normal 37                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 11 17 1 12 8 7 15 11 27 13
Last Year 7 14 7 4 7 5 4 17 25 7
Normal 11                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 8 7 21 5 6 9 0 0 3 11
Poor 17 20 18 24 10 15 7 3 24 21
Fair 29 22 35 35 29 35 19 18 29 30
Good 37 35 20 27 47 38 58 73 30 33
Excellent 9 16 6 9 8 3 16 6 14 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 3 7 2 2 4 1 0 5 14
Poor 14 12 28 9 11 10 5 8 8 17
Fair 31 24 30 45 26 29 18 46 19 28
Good 39 49 23 29 45 50 68 46 58 34
Excellent 11 12 12 15 16 7 8 0 10 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 3 0 1 0 1 0 11 9
Poor 7 1 9 1 6 9 3 4 8 16
Fair 28 18 37 44 14 29 27 15 11 32
Good 57 78 43 42 73 55 62 81 65 40
Excellent 6 3 8 13 6 7 7 0 5 3
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 1 8 1
Short 6 4 2 8 0 10 1 4 14 15
Adequate 79 86 89 73 83 63 83 85 78 84
Surplus 13 9 9 17 17 27 16 10 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 3
Short 7 0 1 2 0 0 2 4 33 15
Adequate 86 96 94 90 92 90 89 91 60 82
Surplus 6 4 5 8 8 10 9 5 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 8 0 5 2 3 0 0 1 33 12
Poor 11 3 10 6 9 4 7 7 26 63
Fair 31 20 34 40 38 25 39 32 31 22
Good 42 62 49 37 30 65 46 47 10 3
Excellent 8 15 2 15 20 6 8 13 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 19 25 3 35 32 5 6 0 7 19
Adequate 77 68 95 56 67 95 90 100 91 81
Surplus 4 7 2 9 1 0 4 0 2 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 16.4 16.9 16.3 17.4 15.9 16.2 15.8 14.3 15.5 15.2
Average Precipitation 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.04 0.04